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Article: The diagnosis and prevalence of hyperactivity in Chinese schoolboys

TitleThe diagnosis and prevalence of hyperactivity in Chinese schoolboys
Authors
Issue Date1996
PublisherRoyal College of Psychiatrists. The Journal's web site is located at http://bjp.rcpsych.org/
Citation
British Journal Of Psychiatry, 1996, v. 168 APR., p. 486-496 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground. This study was undertaken to examine the validity of different diagnostic definitions of hyperactivity in a Chinese population. Estimates of the prevalence of hyperactivity were made according to these different diagnostic definitions. Method. In a two-stage epidemiological study of hyperactivity in Hong Kong, 3069 Chinese schoolboys were screened by questionnaires; and a stratified sample of 611 of them entered a second stage for more detailed diagnostic assessment. Results. Children with hyperkinetic disorder (ICD-10) or ADDH (DSM-III) both displayed significant hyperactive symptoms, but with somewhat different external correlates; hyperkinetic disorder tended to show more neurodevelopmental impairments, ADDH more cognitive and educational difficulties. These findings raise the possibility of heterogeneity in the disorders present with hyperactivity. The DSM-III-R category of ADHD was more common, and those extra cases, that did not overlap with ADDH or hyperkinetic disorder, included children with no obvious behavioural, cognitive or neurodevelopmental impairments. Hence ADHD may be an over-inclusive category. Prevalence rates for hyperkinetic disorder, ADDH and ADHD were respectively 0.78%, 6.1% and 8.9%. Conclusions. A disorder of hyperactivity does exist in the Chinese culture, displaying the same kinds of symptomatology and external correlates as in the West. The prevalence rates of hyperkinetic disorder and ADDH in Chinese schoolboys are on the low side when compared to those reported in Western studies.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86404
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 7.06
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.674
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLeung, PWLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLuk, SLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHo, TPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Een_HK
dc.contributor.authorMak, FLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorBaconShone, Jen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:16:26Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:16:26Z-
dc.date.issued1996en_HK
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal Of Psychiatry, 1996, v. 168 APR., p. 486-496en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0007-1250en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86404-
dc.description.abstractBackground. This study was undertaken to examine the validity of different diagnostic definitions of hyperactivity in a Chinese population. Estimates of the prevalence of hyperactivity were made according to these different diagnostic definitions. Method. In a two-stage epidemiological study of hyperactivity in Hong Kong, 3069 Chinese schoolboys were screened by questionnaires; and a stratified sample of 611 of them entered a second stage for more detailed diagnostic assessment. Results. Children with hyperkinetic disorder (ICD-10) or ADDH (DSM-III) both displayed significant hyperactive symptoms, but with somewhat different external correlates; hyperkinetic disorder tended to show more neurodevelopmental impairments, ADDH more cognitive and educational difficulties. These findings raise the possibility of heterogeneity in the disorders present with hyperactivity. The DSM-III-R category of ADHD was more common, and those extra cases, that did not overlap with ADDH or hyperkinetic disorder, included children with no obvious behavioural, cognitive or neurodevelopmental impairments. Hence ADHD may be an over-inclusive category. Prevalence rates for hyperkinetic disorder, ADDH and ADHD were respectively 0.78%, 6.1% and 8.9%. Conclusions. A disorder of hyperactivity does exist in the Chinese culture, displaying the same kinds of symptomatology and external correlates as in the West. The prevalence rates of hyperkinetic disorder and ADDH in Chinese schoolboys are on the low side when compared to those reported in Western studies.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherRoyal College of Psychiatrists. The Journal's web site is located at http://bjp.rcpsych.org/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofBritish Journal of Psychiatryen_HK
dc.titleThe diagnosis and prevalence of hyperactivity in Chinese schoolboysen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0007-1250&volume=168&spage=486&epage=496&date=1996&atitle=The+diagnosis+and+prevalence+of+hyperactivity+in+Chinese+Schoolboysen_HK
dc.identifier.emailBaconShone, J: johnbs@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityBaconShone, J=rp00056en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.pmid8730946-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0029896472en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros20697en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0029896472&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume168en_HK
dc.identifier.issueAPR.en_HK
dc.identifier.spage486en_HK
dc.identifier.epage496en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1996UF38200014-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLeung, PWL=7401748962en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLuk, SL=7005840616en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHo, TP=7402460680en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTaylor, E=7403206584en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMak, FL=7004171040en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBaconShone, J=6602137416en_HK

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