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Article: Pattern and divergence of tree communities in Taipei's main urban green spaces

TitlePattern and divergence of tree communities in Taipei's main urban green spaces
Authors
KeywordsHybrid park
Precision urban forestry
Urban ecology
Urban flora
Urban green space
Urban nature conservation
Issue Date2008
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/landurbplan
Citation
Landscape And Urban Planning, 2008, v. 84 n. 3-4, p. 312-323 How to Cite?
AbstractUrban vegetation increasingly contributes to nature conservation and ecosystem services, but lacking understanding of site variations has restricted such uses. This study analyzed the spatial pattern and differentiation of tree communities in three major green landscape types (urban parks, riverside parks and street verges) in Taipei city. In each landscape type, 10 representative tree communities were studied. Statistical tests for ecological communities were employed: Jaccard and Q species similarity indices, two-way indicator species analysis (TWINSPAN), and new species fidelity, landscape fidelity and composite Q indices. Significant recent increase in Taipei's green spaces was traced. The study area contained 164 tree species, but few were shared by the three landscape types and none by 30 communities. Native evergreen broadleaf species with large final dimensions were dominant. Urban parks registered the highest species richness, landscape fidelity, rare species and urban endemics. Such exclusive species constitution deviated notably from riverside parks and street verges, with relatively simple and converging intra-site species ingredients. Pronounced species differentiation between urban parks reflected diversified site topography, natural woodland inheritance, woodland creation, and past landscape fashion. TWINSPAN classified the communities into nine groups each with signature characteristics. Inherent site variations offered main determinants of tree heterogeneity, superimposed by human modification to satisfy pre-determined site functions. A hybrid urban park with high species diversity and nature contents is advocated by amalgamating conventional but polarized designs of country and urban parks. The findings could inform management of urban forest, urban nature conservation, and ecological services of urban green spaces. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86234
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.654
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.699
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJim, CYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChen, WYen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:14:25Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:14:25Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_HK
dc.identifier.citationLandscape And Urban Planning, 2008, v. 84 n. 3-4, p. 312-323en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0169-2046en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86234-
dc.description.abstractUrban vegetation increasingly contributes to nature conservation and ecosystem services, but lacking understanding of site variations has restricted such uses. This study analyzed the spatial pattern and differentiation of tree communities in three major green landscape types (urban parks, riverside parks and street verges) in Taipei city. In each landscape type, 10 representative tree communities were studied. Statistical tests for ecological communities were employed: Jaccard and Q species similarity indices, two-way indicator species analysis (TWINSPAN), and new species fidelity, landscape fidelity and composite Q indices. Significant recent increase in Taipei's green spaces was traced. The study area contained 164 tree species, but few were shared by the three landscape types and none by 30 communities. Native evergreen broadleaf species with large final dimensions were dominant. Urban parks registered the highest species richness, landscape fidelity, rare species and urban endemics. Such exclusive species constitution deviated notably from riverside parks and street verges, with relatively simple and converging intra-site species ingredients. Pronounced species differentiation between urban parks reflected diversified site topography, natural woodland inheritance, woodland creation, and past landscape fashion. TWINSPAN classified the communities into nine groups each with signature characteristics. Inherent site variations offered main determinants of tree heterogeneity, superimposed by human modification to satisfy pre-determined site functions. A hybrid urban park with high species diversity and nature contents is advocated by amalgamating conventional but polarized designs of country and urban parks. The findings could inform management of urban forest, urban nature conservation, and ecological services of urban green spaces. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/landurbplanen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofLandscape and Urban Planningen_HK
dc.rightsLandscape and Urban Planning. Copyright © Elsevier BV.en_HK
dc.subjectHybrid parken_HK
dc.subjectPrecision urban forestryen_HK
dc.subjectUrban ecologyen_HK
dc.subjectUrban floraen_HK
dc.subjectUrban green spaceen_HK
dc.subjectUrban nature conservationen_HK
dc.titlePattern and divergence of tree communities in Taipei's main urban green spacesen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0169-2046&volume=84&spage=312&epage=323&date=2008&atitle=Pattern+and+Divergence+of+Tree+Communities+in+Taipei%27s+Main+Urban+Green+Spacesen_HK
dc.identifier.emailJim, CY:hragjcy@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityJim, CY=rp00549en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.09.001en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-38849109369en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros143094en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-38849109369&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume84en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3-4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage312en_HK
dc.identifier.epage323en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000253749800013-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJim, CY=7006143750en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChen, WY=7409636917en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike2396513-

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