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Article: Climate change and war frequency in Eastern China over the last millennium

TitleClimate change and war frequency in Eastern China over the last millennium
Authors
KeywordsClimate change
Eastern China
Ecological stress
Population
Temperature anomaly
Warfare
Issue Date2007
PublisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0300-7839
Citation
Human Ecology, 2007, v. 35 n. 4, p. 403-414 How to Cite?
AbstractWe explore the association between climate change and warfare in eastern China over the past millennium from a macro-historic perspective. High-resolution palaeo-temperature reconstructions and the complete record of warfare incidence in eastern China were compared. Results show that warfare frequency in eastern China (its southern portion in particular) significantly correlated with the Northern Hemisphere temperature oscillations. Almost all peaks of warfare frequency and dynastic changes occurred in cooling phases. We suggest that in historic China, the reduction of thermal energy during cooling phases significantly shrank agricultural production. Such ecological stress interacted with population pressure and China's unique historic and geographic setting to bring about the high frequencies of warfare over the last millennium. We recommend scholars take climate change into account as they consider the anthropology of warfare in the historic past. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86173
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.604
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhang, DDen_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLee, HFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHe, YQen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:13:43Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:13:43Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_HK
dc.identifier.citationHuman Ecology, 2007, v. 35 n. 4, p. 403-414en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0300-7839en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86173-
dc.description.abstractWe explore the association between climate change and warfare in eastern China over the past millennium from a macro-historic perspective. High-resolution palaeo-temperature reconstructions and the complete record of warfare incidence in eastern China were compared. Results show that warfare frequency in eastern China (its southern portion in particular) significantly correlated with the Northern Hemisphere temperature oscillations. Almost all peaks of warfare frequency and dynastic changes occurred in cooling phases. We suggest that in historic China, the reduction of thermal energy during cooling phases significantly shrank agricultural production. Such ecological stress interacted with population pressure and China's unique historic and geographic setting to bring about the high frequencies of warfare over the last millennium. We recommend scholars take climate change into account as they consider the anthropology of warfare in the historic past. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0300-7839en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofHuman Ecologyen_HK
dc.subjectClimate changeen_HK
dc.subjectEastern Chinaen_HK
dc.subjectEcological stressen_HK
dc.subjectPopulationen_HK
dc.subjectTemperature anomalyen_HK
dc.subjectWarfareen_HK
dc.titleClimate change and war frequency in Eastern China over the last millenniumen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0300-7839&volume=35&spage=403&epage=414&date=2006&atitle=Climate+Change+and+War+Frequency+in+Eastern+China+over+the+Last+Millenniumen_HK
dc.identifier.emailZhang, DD:zhangd@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailLee, HF:harry.lee@graduate.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityZhang, DD=rp00649en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLee, HF=rp00646en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10745-007-9115-8en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-34250325058en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros136774en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-34250325058&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume35en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage403en_HK
dc.identifier.epage414en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1572-9915-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000247184600002-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, DD=9732911600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, J=16508345600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, HF=9243348000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHe, YQ=7404942217en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike6670318-

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