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Article: A small-area study of environmental risk assessment of outdoor falls

TitleA small-area study of environmental risk assessment of outdoor falls
Authors
KeywordsEnvironmental risk assessment
GIS
Outdoor falls
Small-area study
Spatial clustering
Issue Date2011
PublisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0148-5598
Citation
Journal Of Medical Systems, 2011, v. 35 n. 6, p. 1543-1552 How to Cite?
AbstractFalls in public places are an issue of great health concern especially for the elderly. Falls among the elderly is also a major health burden in many countries. This study describes a spatial approach to assess environmental causes of outdoor falls using a small urban community in Hong Kong as an example. The method involves collecting data on fall occurrences and mapping their geographic positions to examine circumstances and environmental evidence that contribute to falls. High risk locations or hot spots of falls are identified on the bases of spatial proximity and concentration of falls within a threshold distance by means of kernel smoothing and standard deviational ellipses. This method of geographic aggregation of individual fall incidents for a small-area study yields hot spots of manageable sizes. The spatial clustering approach is effective in two ways. Firstly, it allows visualisation and isolation of fall hot spots to draw focus. Secondly and especially under conditions of resource decline, policy makers are able to target specific locations to examine the underlying causal mechanisms and strategise effective response and preventive measures based on the types of environmental risk factors identified. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86080
ISSN
2014 Impact Factor: 2.213
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.717
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLai, PCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, WCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLow, CTen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, Men_HK
dc.contributor.authorChan, MHen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T09:12:39Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T09:12:39Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Medical Systems, 2011, v. 35 n. 6, p. 1543-1552en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0148-5598en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/86080-
dc.description.abstractFalls in public places are an issue of great health concern especially for the elderly. Falls among the elderly is also a major health burden in many countries. This study describes a spatial approach to assess environmental causes of outdoor falls using a small urban community in Hong Kong as an example. The method involves collecting data on fall occurrences and mapping their geographic positions to examine circumstances and environmental evidence that contribute to falls. High risk locations or hot spots of falls are identified on the bases of spatial proximity and concentration of falls within a threshold distance by means of kernel smoothing and standard deviational ellipses. This method of geographic aggregation of individual fall incidents for a small-area study yields hot spots of manageable sizes. The spatial clustering approach is effective in two ways. Firstly, it allows visualisation and isolation of fall hot spots to draw focus. Secondly and especially under conditions of resource decline, policy makers are able to target specific locations to examine the underlying causal mechanisms and strategise effective response and preventive measures based on the types of environmental risk factors identified. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0148-5598en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Medical Systemsen_HK
dc.subjectEnvironmental risk assessmenten_HK
dc.subjectGISen_HK
dc.subjectOutdoor fallsen_HK
dc.subjectSmall-area studyen_HK
dc.subjectSpatial clusteringen_HK
dc.titleA small-area study of environmental risk assessment of outdoor fallsen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0148-5598&volume=&spage=&epage=&date=2010&atitle=A+Small-Area+Study+of+Environmental+Risk+Assessment+of+Outdoor+Fallsen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLai, PC:pclai@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLai, PC=rp00565en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10916-010-9431-1en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid20703763-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84856225371en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros169034en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84856225371&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume35en_HK
dc.identifier.issue6en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1543en_HK
dc.identifier.epage1552en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000297914200021-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLai, PC=7202946446en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, WC=26221456200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLow, CT=26434757200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, M=26434917800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, MH=35147630200en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike6805778-

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