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Article: Increasing prevalence of allergic rhinitis but not asthma among children in Hong Kong from 1995 to 2001 (Phase 3 International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood)

TitleIncreasing prevalence of allergic rhinitis but not asthma among children in Hong Kong from 1995 to 2001 (Phase 3 International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood)
Authors
KeywordsAllergic rhinitis
Asthma
Children
Eczema
Hong Kong
Trend prevalence
Issue Date2004
PublisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/PAI
Citation
Pediatric Allergy And Immunology, 2004, v. 15 n. 1, p. 72-78 How to Cite?
AbstractThere is a worldwide belief that the prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases is increasing but the measures used in many studies are susceptible to systematic errors. We examined the trend of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema prevalence in school children aged 6-7 years in Hong Kong from 1995 to 2001 using standardized ISAAC methodology. There were 4448 and 3618 children participating in 2001 and 1995, respectively. The prevalence of life-time rhinitis (42.4% vs. 38.9%, p < 0.01), current rhinitis (37.4% vs. 35.1%, p < 0.03), current rhinoconjunctivitis (17.2 vs. 13.6%, p < 0.01) and life-time eczema (30.7% vs. 28.1%, p = 0.01) increased significantly. There was no significant change in prevalence of life-time asthma, life-time wheeze and current wheeze albeit a significant increase in severe asthma symptoms. We investigated a number of potential risk factors including sex, family history of atopy, sibship size, birth weight, respiratory tract infections, pet ownership and exposure to tobacco smoke. However, the increases in prevalence of rhinitis and eczema could not be entirely explained by the change of prevalence of these risk factors. The odds ratio OR for the study period remained significantly associated with current rhinitis (OR 1.31, 95% confidence intervals CI 1.17-1.46), current rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.41-1.87) and life-time eczema (OR 1.30, 95% CI 1.16-1.45) after adjustment for these confounding variables using logistic regression model. Further study is warranted to elucidate the factors contributing to the observable change in the prevalence of rhinitis in our population.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/80167
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.947
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.689
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLee, SLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, Wen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLau, YLen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T08:03:10Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T08:03:10Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_HK
dc.identifier.citationPediatric Allergy And Immunology, 2004, v. 15 n. 1, p. 72-78en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0905-6157en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/80167-
dc.description.abstractThere is a worldwide belief that the prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases is increasing but the measures used in many studies are susceptible to systematic errors. We examined the trend of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema prevalence in school children aged 6-7 years in Hong Kong from 1995 to 2001 using standardized ISAAC methodology. There were 4448 and 3618 children participating in 2001 and 1995, respectively. The prevalence of life-time rhinitis (42.4% vs. 38.9%, p < 0.01), current rhinitis (37.4% vs. 35.1%, p < 0.03), current rhinoconjunctivitis (17.2 vs. 13.6%, p < 0.01) and life-time eczema (30.7% vs. 28.1%, p = 0.01) increased significantly. There was no significant change in prevalence of life-time asthma, life-time wheeze and current wheeze albeit a significant increase in severe asthma symptoms. We investigated a number of potential risk factors including sex, family history of atopy, sibship size, birth weight, respiratory tract infections, pet ownership and exposure to tobacco smoke. However, the increases in prevalence of rhinitis and eczema could not be entirely explained by the change of prevalence of these risk factors. The odds ratio OR for the study period remained significantly associated with current rhinitis (OR 1.31, 95% confidence intervals CI 1.17-1.46), current rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.41-1.87) and life-time eczema (OR 1.30, 95% CI 1.16-1.45) after adjustment for these confounding variables using logistic regression model. Further study is warranted to elucidate the factors contributing to the observable change in the prevalence of rhinitis in our population.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/PAIen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofPediatric Allergy and Immunologyen_HK
dc.subjectAllergic rhinitisen_HK
dc.subjectAsthmaen_HK
dc.subjectChildrenen_HK
dc.subjectEczemaen_HK
dc.subjectHong Kongen_HK
dc.subjectTrend prevalenceen_HK
dc.titleIncreasing prevalence of allergic rhinitis but not asthma among children in Hong Kong from 1995 to 2001 (Phase 3 International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood)en_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0905-6157&volume=15&spage=72&epage=78&date=2004&atitle=Increasing+prevalence+of+allergic+rhinitis+but+not+asthma+among+children+in+Hong+Kong+from+1995+to+2001+(Phase+3+International+Study+of+Asthma+and+Allergies+in+Childhood)en_HK
dc.identifier.emailLau, YL:lauylung@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLau, YL=rp00361en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1046/j.0905-6157.2003.00109.xen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid14998385-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-1542298200en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros85706en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-1542298200&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume15en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage72en_HK
dc.identifier.epage78en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000220251500010-
dc.publisher.placeDenmarken_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, SL=8708381600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, W=13310222200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLau, YL=7201403380en_HK

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