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Article: Risk factors associated with lung cancer in Hong Kong

TitleRisk factors associated with lung cancer in Hong Kong
Authors
Issue Date2003
PublisherElsevier Ireland Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/lungcan
Citation
Lung Cancer, 2003, v. 40 n. 2, p. 131-140 How to Cite?
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors associated with lung cancer in Hong Kong. Three hundred and thirty-one histologically or cytologically proven consecutive cases of lung cancer and the same number of in- and out-patients without cancer matched for age and sex were recruited for this study using a detailed questionnaire completed by a trained interviewer. Smoking was the most important risk factor associated with lung cancer but the attributable risk (AR) was estimated to be 45.8% in men and 6.2% in women, considerably lower compared with those estimated in early 1980s. In addition, among women, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at work±at home and lack of education, were independent risk factors for lung cancer with adjusted odds ratio (OR) 3.60, (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.52-8.51) and OR 2.41 (95% CI 1.27-4.55), respectively. Among men, exposure to insecticide/pesticide/herbicide, ETS exposure at work or at home, and a family history of lung cancer and were independent risk factors with adjusted OR 3.29 (95% CI 1.22-8.9, OR 2.43, 95% CI 1.24-4.76 and OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.43-3.94, respectively). Exposure to incense burning and frying pan fumes were not significant risk factors in both sexes. A moderate or high consumption of fat in the diet was associated with increased risk in men but decreased risk in women. The results of this study suggested that as the prevalence of smoking declined, the influence of smoking as a risk factor for lung cancer decreased even further. Moreover, the contribution of other environmental, occupational and socioeconomic factors may be more apparent as etiological factors for lung cancer in a population with relatively high lung cancer incidence but low AR from active smoking. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/78722
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.767
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.923
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChanYeung, Men_HK
dc.contributor.authorKoo, LCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHo, JCMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTsang, KWTen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChau, WSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChiu, SWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorIp, MSMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, WKen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T07:46:00Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T07:46:00Z-
dc.date.issued2003en_HK
dc.identifier.citationLung Cancer, 2003, v. 40 n. 2, p. 131-140en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0169-5002en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/78722-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors associated with lung cancer in Hong Kong. Three hundred and thirty-one histologically or cytologically proven consecutive cases of lung cancer and the same number of in- and out-patients without cancer matched for age and sex were recruited for this study using a detailed questionnaire completed by a trained interviewer. Smoking was the most important risk factor associated with lung cancer but the attributable risk (AR) was estimated to be 45.8% in men and 6.2% in women, considerably lower compared with those estimated in early 1980s. In addition, among women, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at work±at home and lack of education, were independent risk factors for lung cancer with adjusted odds ratio (OR) 3.60, (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.52-8.51) and OR 2.41 (95% CI 1.27-4.55), respectively. Among men, exposure to insecticide/pesticide/herbicide, ETS exposure at work or at home, and a family history of lung cancer and were independent risk factors with adjusted OR 3.29 (95% CI 1.22-8.9, OR 2.43, 95% CI 1.24-4.76 and OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.43-3.94, respectively). Exposure to incense burning and frying pan fumes were not significant risk factors in both sexes. A moderate or high consumption of fat in the diet was associated with increased risk in men but decreased risk in women. The results of this study suggested that as the prevalence of smoking declined, the influence of smoking as a risk factor for lung cancer decreased even further. Moreover, the contribution of other environmental, occupational and socioeconomic factors may be more apparent as etiological factors for lung cancer in a population with relatively high lung cancer incidence but low AR from active smoking. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherElsevier Ireland Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/lungcanen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofLung Canceren_HK
dc.rightsLung Cancer. Copyright © Elsevier Ireland Ltd.en_HK
dc.subject.meshDieten_HK
dc.subject.meshEnvironmental Exposureen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshHong Kong - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshInterviews as Topicen_HK
dc.subject.meshLung Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_HK
dc.subject.meshOccupational Exposureen_HK
dc.subject.meshOdds Ratioen_HK
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen_HK
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_HK
dc.subject.meshSmokingen_HK
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factorsen_HK
dc.titleRisk factors associated with lung cancer in Hong Kongen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0169-5002&volume=40&spage=131&epage=40&date=2003&atitle=Risk+factors+associated+with+lung+cancer+in+Hong+Kong.en_HK
dc.identifier.emailHo, JCM:jhocm@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailIp, MSM:msmip@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHo, JCM=rp00258en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityIp, MSM=rp00347en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0169-5002(03)00036-9en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid12711113-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-12444294432en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros80985en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-12444294432&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume40en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage131en_HK
dc.identifier.epage140en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000182963500003-
dc.publisher.placeIrelanden_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChanYeung, M=54790582200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKoo, LC=7003524846en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHo, JCM=7402649981en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTsang, KWT=24296730400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChau, WS=13305781500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChiu, SW=12788356600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridIp, MSM=7102423259en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, WK=7203021937en_HK

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