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Article: Evolution and origin of the ground fissures in Xian, China

TitleEvolution and origin of the ground fissures in Xian, China
Authors
Issue Date1996
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enggeo
Citation
Engineering Geology, 1996, v. 43 n. 1, p. 45-55 How to Cite?
AbstractLarge-scale extraction of ground water in Xian has resulted in significant drawdown of the phreatic surface and in land subsidence across this ancient capital of China. It has also triggered the rejuvenation of the normal faults in the upper portions of the Quaternary deposits underlying the city, leading to surface rupturing and the development of ground fissure zones across the city. These ground fissure zones are structurally controlled in the sense that they are directly linked to the normal faults in the Quaternary deposits, all trending in an east-northeasterly direction. In essence, they are the surface expressions of the deeper faults under current drawdown conditions. The ground fissures have resulted in extensive property damage along their paths of propagation. This paper describes their occurrence, their possible causative mechanism and the resultant damage. Of necessity, Xian will still be dependent on ground water supply to a large extent in the years ahead. However, ground water extraction will have to be managed in an environmentally sustainable manner, in order to minimize the geological hazards associated with the ground fissures.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/71371
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.196
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.810
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLee, CFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhang, JMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhang, YXen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T06:31:23Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T06:31:23Z-
dc.date.issued1996en_HK
dc.identifier.citationEngineering Geology, 1996, v. 43 n. 1, p. 45-55en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0013-7952en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/71371-
dc.description.abstractLarge-scale extraction of ground water in Xian has resulted in significant drawdown of the phreatic surface and in land subsidence across this ancient capital of China. It has also triggered the rejuvenation of the normal faults in the upper portions of the Quaternary deposits underlying the city, leading to surface rupturing and the development of ground fissure zones across the city. These ground fissure zones are structurally controlled in the sense that they are directly linked to the normal faults in the Quaternary deposits, all trending in an east-northeasterly direction. In essence, they are the surface expressions of the deeper faults under current drawdown conditions. The ground fissures have resulted in extensive property damage along their paths of propagation. This paper describes their occurrence, their possible causative mechanism and the resultant damage. Of necessity, Xian will still be dependent on ground water supply to a large extent in the years ahead. However, ground water extraction will have to be managed in an environmentally sustainable manner, in order to minimize the geological hazards associated with the ground fissures.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enggeoen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofEngineering Geologyen_HK
dc.titleEvolution and origin of the ground fissures in Xian, Chinaen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLee, CF: leecf@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLee, CF=rp00139en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/0013-7952(95)00088-7en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0030209499en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros20944en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0030209499&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume43en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage45en_HK
dc.identifier.epage55en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1996VF37700006-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, CF=8068602600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, JM=7601341314en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, YX=7601317878en_HK

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