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Article: Forecast models for actual construction time and cost

TitleForecast models for actual construction time and cost
Authors
KeywordsConstruction
Cost
Crossvalidation
Forecasting
Regression
Time
Issue Date2003
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/buildenv
Citation
Building And Environment, 2003, v. 38 n. 8, p. 1075-1083 How to Cite?
AbstractThe actual construction time and cost of construction projects may be affected by the client, project and contractual characteristics and in many cases can be very different from the contract time and cost. In this paper, details of 93 Australian construction projects are used to develop several models for actual construction time and cost prediction. A forward crossvalidation regression analysis is used for the development of the model for actual construction time forecast when client sector, contractor selection method, contractual arrangement, project type, contract period and contract sum are known. The standard deviation of the deleted residual indicates the best model for actual construction time prediction to comprise the independent variables log contract time, lump sum procurement and non-standard contractor selection. Regression models are also developed for forecasting the actual construction time and cost when client sector, contractor selection method, contractual arrangement and project type are known while contract period and contract sum are estimated. Different forms of regression analyses, including the standard regression and the crossvalidation regression, are used and the crossvalidation regression model with the smallest deleted residual sum of squares is selected. Since these models for time and cost are dependent on the contract period and contract sum being known, it is necessary to investigate the effects in situations where these have to be estimated. The results of the sensitivity analyses show that the errors in predicted actual construction time become smaller as the contract period increases. In contrast, the errors in predicted actual construction cost are virtually the same for large and small projects. The effects of different project type, contractor selection method and contractual arrangement are also examined. The results indicate that the actual construction time for industrial project is the longest when compared with residential, educational and recreational projects and that significant savings in actual construction time can be achieved when negotiated tender and design and build contract are used instead of the traditional open tendering and lump sum contract approaches.Finally, some practical applications of the models are illustrated for predicting the actual construction time and cost based on the risks and uncertainties of different client sector, contractor selection method, contractual arrangement and project type. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/71341
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.394
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.121
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSkitmore, RMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNg, STen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T06:31:07Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T06:31:07Z-
dc.date.issued2003en_HK
dc.identifier.citationBuilding And Environment, 2003, v. 38 n. 8, p. 1075-1083en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0360-1323en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/71341-
dc.description.abstractThe actual construction time and cost of construction projects may be affected by the client, project and contractual characteristics and in many cases can be very different from the contract time and cost. In this paper, details of 93 Australian construction projects are used to develop several models for actual construction time and cost prediction. A forward crossvalidation regression analysis is used for the development of the model for actual construction time forecast when client sector, contractor selection method, contractual arrangement, project type, contract period and contract sum are known. The standard deviation of the deleted residual indicates the best model for actual construction time prediction to comprise the independent variables log contract time, lump sum procurement and non-standard contractor selection. Regression models are also developed for forecasting the actual construction time and cost when client sector, contractor selection method, contractual arrangement and project type are known while contract period and contract sum are estimated. Different forms of regression analyses, including the standard regression and the crossvalidation regression, are used and the crossvalidation regression model with the smallest deleted residual sum of squares is selected. Since these models for time and cost are dependent on the contract period and contract sum being known, it is necessary to investigate the effects in situations where these have to be estimated. The results of the sensitivity analyses show that the errors in predicted actual construction time become smaller as the contract period increases. In contrast, the errors in predicted actual construction cost are virtually the same for large and small projects. The effects of different project type, contractor selection method and contractual arrangement are also examined. The results indicate that the actual construction time for industrial project is the longest when compared with residential, educational and recreational projects and that significant savings in actual construction time can be achieved when negotiated tender and design and build contract are used instead of the traditional open tendering and lump sum contract approaches.Finally, some practical applications of the models are illustrated for predicting the actual construction time and cost based on the risks and uncertainties of different client sector, contractor selection method, contractual arrangement and project type. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/buildenven_HK
dc.relation.ispartofBuilding and Environmenten_HK
dc.subjectConstructionen_HK
dc.subjectCosten_HK
dc.subjectCrossvalidationen_HK
dc.subjectForecastingen_HK
dc.subjectRegressionen_HK
dc.subjectTimeen_HK
dc.titleForecast models for actual construction time and costen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0360-1323&volume=38&issue=8&spage=1075&epage=1083&date=2003&atitle=Forecast+models+for+actual+construction+time+and+costen_HK
dc.identifier.emailNg, ST:tstng@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityNg, ST=rp00158en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0360-1323(03)00067-2en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0038604047en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros80998en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0038604047&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume38en_HK
dc.identifier.issue8en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1075en_HK
dc.identifier.epage1083en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000184101100010-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSkitmore, RM=6603001101en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNg, ST=7403358853en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike8310077-

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