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Article: Characterization and localization of the supraorbital and frontal exits of the supraorbital nerve in Chinese: An anatomic study

TitleCharacterization and localization of the supraorbital and frontal exits of the supraorbital nerve in Chinese: An anatomic study
Authors
Issue Date2006
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.op-rs.com
Citation
Ophthalmic Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery, 2006, v. 22 n. 3, p. 209-213 How to Cite?
AbstractPURPOSE: To elucidate the characteristics and location of the supraorbital and frontal exits of the supraorbital nerve in Chinese skulls and to compare these findings with other ethnic populations. METHODS: The anatomy of the supraorbital nerve exits was studied in 97 adult Chinese skulls (194 orbits). The characteristics and location of the supraorbital nerve exits were determined. Analyses were performed to compare differences between sexes and sides. Data were then compared with those of the other populations. RESULTS: Supraorbital exits were found in all 194 orbits. Among these, 89 (45.9%) were foramina. Frontal exits were found in 69 of the 194 (35.6%) orbits in which 18 were foramina (9.3%). The location of the supraorbital exits showed a skewed distribution toward the medial aspect of the superior orbital rim. The median distance between the supraorbital exits and the facial midline was 24.56 mm. Eighty percent of the supraorbital exits lay between 20.77 mm and 30.52 mm from the facial midline. The mean frontal exit was 7.02 mm medial to the supraorbital exits. Compared with other populations, a higher proportion of Chinese have foramina above the superior orbital rim as the exits for the supraorbital neurovascular bundle. The location of the supraorbital nerve exit is highly variable in all studied populations. CONCLUSIONS: In a significant proportion of Chinese, the supraorbital nerve exits are located toward the medial aspect of and above the superior orbital rim. Extra care should be taken during dissection around this region to avoid damage to the supraorbital nerve. ©2006 The American Society of Opthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/67426
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.991
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.630
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCheng, ACOen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYuen, HKLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLucas, PWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, DSCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSo, KFen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T05:55:02Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T05:55:02Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_HK
dc.identifier.citationOphthalmic Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery, 2006, v. 22 n. 3, p. 209-213en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0740-9303en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/67426-
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: To elucidate the characteristics and location of the supraorbital and frontal exits of the supraorbital nerve in Chinese skulls and to compare these findings with other ethnic populations. METHODS: The anatomy of the supraorbital nerve exits was studied in 97 adult Chinese skulls (194 orbits). The characteristics and location of the supraorbital nerve exits were determined. Analyses were performed to compare differences between sexes and sides. Data were then compared with those of the other populations. RESULTS: Supraorbital exits were found in all 194 orbits. Among these, 89 (45.9%) were foramina. Frontal exits were found in 69 of the 194 (35.6%) orbits in which 18 were foramina (9.3%). The location of the supraorbital exits showed a skewed distribution toward the medial aspect of the superior orbital rim. The median distance between the supraorbital exits and the facial midline was 24.56 mm. Eighty percent of the supraorbital exits lay between 20.77 mm and 30.52 mm from the facial midline. The mean frontal exit was 7.02 mm medial to the supraorbital exits. Compared with other populations, a higher proportion of Chinese have foramina above the superior orbital rim as the exits for the supraorbital neurovascular bundle. The location of the supraorbital nerve exit is highly variable in all studied populations. CONCLUSIONS: In a significant proportion of Chinese, the supraorbital nerve exits are located toward the medial aspect of and above the superior orbital rim. Extra care should be taken during dissection around this region to avoid damage to the supraorbital nerve. ©2006 The American Society of Opthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.op-rs.comen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofOphthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeryen_HK
dc.rightsOphthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Copyright © Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.en_HK
dc.subject.meshAdulten_HK
dc.subject.meshAgeden_HK
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and overen_HK
dc.subject.meshAsian Continental Ancestry Groupen_HK
dc.subject.meshCephalometryen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshFrontal Bone - innervationen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_HK
dc.subject.meshOphthalmic Nerve - anatomy & histologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshOrbit - innervationen_HK
dc.titleCharacterization and localization of the supraorbital and frontal exits of the supraorbital nerve in Chinese: An anatomic studyen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0740-9303&volume=22&issue=3&spage=209&epage=213&date=2006&atitle=Characterization+and+localization+of+the+supraorbital+and+frontal+exits+of+the+supraorbital+nerve+in+Chinese:+An+anatomic+studyen_HK
dc.identifier.emailSo, KF:hrmaskf@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authoritySo, KF=rp00329en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1097/01.iop.0000217795.30085.7aen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid16714932-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-33745322737en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros116527en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-33745322737&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume22en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage209en_HK
dc.identifier.epage213en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000237772800013-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheng, ACO=14827706400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYuen, HKL=8717032500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLucas, PW=7202397192en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, DSC=35500200200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSo, KF=34668391300en_HK

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