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Article: The effect of visual stimulation via the eyeglass display and the perception of pain
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TitleThe effect of visual stimulation via the eyeglass display and the perception of pain
 
AuthorsTse, MMY1
Ng, JKF1
Chung, JWY1
Wong, TKS1
 
Issue Date2002
 
PublisherMary Ann Liebert, Inc Publishers. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.liebertpub.com/cpb
 
CitationCyberPsychology & Behavior, 2002, v. 5 n. 1, p. 65-75 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/109493102753685890
 
AbstractHospitalization involves anxiety and pain for many people. Unfamiliar hospital settings, various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and the sight and sounds of medical procedures exacerbate pain and anxiety. By blocking off the anxiety-inducing sights and sounds of the hospital surroundings and creating a pleasant environment, an eyeglass display might be able to change the sensation and perception of pain. In this randomized, controlled, crossover study, 72 healthy university student volunteers were asked to wear a light-weight eyeglass that projected a feeling of watching a 52-inch television screen at 6 1/2 feet in distance while pain was produced by a modified tourniquet technique. Subjects were randomly assigned to participate in a V-session or B-session first, with subsequent cross-over. In a V-session, subjects were instructed to wear the eyeglass and watch the soundless display of natural scenery during the inflation. In a B-session, the eyeglass that subjects wore would project a static blank screen. During V-sessions, there was a significant increase in pain threshold (p < 0.001) and pain tolerance (p < 0.001). The degree of immersion was positively correlated with improvement in pain threshold, whereas the anxiety level was negatively correlated with improvement in pain threshold. These findings have implications for using visual stimulation as a positive adjunct to other methods of pain relief and for different pain conditions. This study was considered to be the pioneer use of visual stimulation in the local Chinese community as an adjunct to pain relief.
 
ISSN1094-9313
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1089/109493102753685890
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000174711000007
 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorTse, MMY
 
dc.contributor.authorNg, JKF
 
dc.contributor.authorChung, JWY
 
dc.contributor.authorWong, TKS
 
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T05:53:51Z
 
dc.date.available2010-09-06T05:53:51Z
 
dc.date.issued2002
 
dc.description.abstractHospitalization involves anxiety and pain for many people. Unfamiliar hospital settings, various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and the sight and sounds of medical procedures exacerbate pain and anxiety. By blocking off the anxiety-inducing sights and sounds of the hospital surroundings and creating a pleasant environment, an eyeglass display might be able to change the sensation and perception of pain. In this randomized, controlled, crossover study, 72 healthy university student volunteers were asked to wear a light-weight eyeglass that projected a feeling of watching a 52-inch television screen at 6 1/2 feet in distance while pain was produced by a modified tourniquet technique. Subjects were randomly assigned to participate in a V-session or B-session first, with subsequent cross-over. In a V-session, subjects were instructed to wear the eyeglass and watch the soundless display of natural scenery during the inflation. In a B-session, the eyeglass that subjects wore would project a static blank screen. During V-sessions, there was a significant increase in pain threshold (p < 0.001) and pain tolerance (p < 0.001). The degree of immersion was positively correlated with improvement in pain threshold, whereas the anxiety level was negatively correlated with improvement in pain threshold. These findings have implications for using visual stimulation as a positive adjunct to other methods of pain relief and for different pain conditions. This study was considered to be the pioneer use of visual stimulation in the local Chinese community as an adjunct to pain relief.
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.identifier.citationCyberPsychology & Behavior, 2002, v. 5 n. 1, p. 65-75 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/109493102753685890
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1089/109493102753685890
 
dc.identifier.epage75
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000174711000007
 
dc.identifier.issn1094-9313
 
dc.identifier.issue1
 
dc.identifier.pmid11990976
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036211158
 
dc.identifier.spage65
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/67310
 
dc.identifier.volume5
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherMary Ann Liebert, Inc Publishers. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.liebertpub.com/cpb
 
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
 
dc.relation.ispartofCyberPsychology & Behavior
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.subject.meshAttitude to Health
 
dc.subject.meshEyeglasses
 
dc.subject.meshPain - diagnosis
 
dc.subject.meshPerception
 
dc.subject.meshPhotic Stimulation - instrumentation
 
dc.titleThe effect of visual stimulation via the eyeglass display and the perception of pain
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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Author Affiliations
  1. Hong Kong Polytechnic University