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Article: Pilot survey of oral health-related quality of life: A cross-sectional study of adults in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria

TitlePilot survey of oral health-related quality of life: A cross-sectional study of adults in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
Authors
Issue Date2005
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcoralhealth/
Citation
Bmc Oral Health, 2005, v. 5 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Oral health studies conducted so far in Nigeria have documented prevalence and incidence of dental disease using traditional clinical measures. However none have investigated the use of an oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instrument to document oral health outcomes. The aims of this study are: to describe how oral health affects and impacts quality of life (QoL) and to explore the association between these affects and the oral health care seeking behavior of adults in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional survey recruited 356 adults aged 18-64 years from two large hospital outpatient departments and from members of a university community. Closed-ended oral health questionnaire with "effect and impact" item-questions from OHQoL-UK© instrument was administered by trained interviewers. Collected data included sociodemographic, dental visits, and effects and impact of oral health on QoL. Univariate and bivariable analyses were done and a chi-square test was used to test differences in proportions. Multivariable analyses using ANOVA examined the association between QoL factors and visits to a dentist. Results: Complete data was available for 83% of the participants. About 62% of participants perceived their oral health as affecting their QoL. Overall, 82%, 63%, and 77% of participants perceived that oral health has an effect on their eating or enjoyment of food, sleep or ability to relax, and smiling or laughing, respectively. Some 46%, 36%, and 25% of participants reported that oral health impact their daily activities, social activities, and talking to people, respectively. Dental visits within the last year was significantly associated with eating, speech, and finance (P < 0.05). The summary score for the oral health effects on QoL ranged from 33 to 80 with a median value of 61 (95% CI: 60, 62) and interquartile range of 52-70. Multivariable modeling suggested a model containing only education (F = 6.5, pr>F = 0.0111). The mean of effects sum score for those with secondary/tertiary education levels (mean = 61.8; 95% CI: 60.6, 62.9) was significantly higher than those with less than secondary level of education (mean = 57.2; 95% CI: 57.2, 60.6). Conclusion: Most adults in the study reported that oral health affects their life quality, and have little/no impact on their quality of life. Dental visits within the last year were associated with eating, speech, and finance. © 2005 Okunseri et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/67232
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.21
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.616
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorOkunseri, Cen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChattopadhyay, Aen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLugo, RIen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, Cen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T05:53:05Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T05:53:05Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_HK
dc.identifier.citationBmc Oral Health, 2005, v. 5en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1472-6831en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/67232-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Oral health studies conducted so far in Nigeria have documented prevalence and incidence of dental disease using traditional clinical measures. However none have investigated the use of an oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instrument to document oral health outcomes. The aims of this study are: to describe how oral health affects and impacts quality of life (QoL) and to explore the association between these affects and the oral health care seeking behavior of adults in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional survey recruited 356 adults aged 18-64 years from two large hospital outpatient departments and from members of a university community. Closed-ended oral health questionnaire with "effect and impact" item-questions from OHQoL-UK© instrument was administered by trained interviewers. Collected data included sociodemographic, dental visits, and effects and impact of oral health on QoL. Univariate and bivariable analyses were done and a chi-square test was used to test differences in proportions. Multivariable analyses using ANOVA examined the association between QoL factors and visits to a dentist. Results: Complete data was available for 83% of the participants. About 62% of participants perceived their oral health as affecting their QoL. Overall, 82%, 63%, and 77% of participants perceived that oral health has an effect on their eating or enjoyment of food, sleep or ability to relax, and smiling or laughing, respectively. Some 46%, 36%, and 25% of participants reported that oral health impact their daily activities, social activities, and talking to people, respectively. Dental visits within the last year was significantly associated with eating, speech, and finance (P < 0.05). The summary score for the oral health effects on QoL ranged from 33 to 80 with a median value of 61 (95% CI: 60, 62) and interquartile range of 52-70. Multivariable modeling suggested a model containing only education (F = 6.5, pr>F = 0.0111). The mean of effects sum score for those with secondary/tertiary education levels (mean = 61.8; 95% CI: 60.6, 62.9) was significantly higher than those with less than secondary level of education (mean = 57.2; 95% CI: 57.2, 60.6). Conclusion: Most adults in the study reported that oral health affects their life quality, and have little/no impact on their quality of life. Dental visits within the last year were associated with eating, speech, and finance. © 2005 Okunseri et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcoralhealth/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Oral Healthen_HK
dc.rightsB M C Oral Health. Copyright © BioMed Central Ltd.en_HK
dc.titlePilot survey of oral health-related quality of life: A cross-sectional study of adults in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeriaen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1472-6831&volume=5:7&spage=1&epage=8&date=2005&atitle=Pilot+survey+of+oral+health-related+quality+of+life:+a+cross-sectional+study+of+adults+in+Benin+City,+Edo+State,+Nigeriaen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMcGrath, C:mcgrathc@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMcGrath, C=rp00037en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1472-6831-5-7en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-24044453752en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros109638en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-24044453752&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume5en_HK
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridOkunseri, C=8876589900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChattopadhyay, A=7202920602en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLugo, RI=7003617157en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMcGrath, C=7102335507en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike687219-

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