File Download

There are no files associated with this item.

  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

Article: Influence of dental status on nutritional status of geriatric patients in a convalescent and rehabilitation hospital

TitleInfluence of dental status on nutritional status of geriatric patients in a convalescent and rehabilitation hospital
Authors
Issue Date2006
PublisherQuintessence Publishing Co, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.quintpub.com
Citation
International Journal Of Prosthodontics, 2006, v. 19 n. 3, p. 244-249 How to Cite?
AbstractPurpose: To investigate 6 dental statuses as risk factors for malnutrition in geriatric patients admitted to a convalescent and rehabilitation hospital. Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty (59 men and 61 women) geriatric patients admitted to a convalescent and rehabilitation hospital were recruited. Three biochemical and hematologic parameters (albumin, hemoglobin, and lymphocyte count) were used for analysis. Malnutrition was defined as Body Mass Index (BMI) below 18.5 and albumin level under 35 g/L. The number of natural or prosthetic teeth in the dentate patients, and the presence of one or both dentures in the edentate patients, were recorded. Risk factors associated with malnutrition were investigated, namely: (1) edentulism among all patients, (2) edentulism without a set of complete dentures among all patients, (3) edentulism without a set of complete dentures among the edentate patients, (4) decreased number (< 6) of occluding pairs of natural or prosthetic teeth among the dentate patients, (5) decreased number (< 5) of posterior occluding pairs of natural or prosthetic teeth among the dentate patients, and (6) absence of posterior occluding pairs of natural or prosthetic teeth among the dentate patients. One-way ANOVA and Bonferroni multiple comparisons were used to determine if significant differences in the anthropometric, biochemical, and hematologic parameters existed between the patients with different dental statuses. The odds ratio and significance of 6 dental statuses as risk factors of malnutrition were calculated (P = .05). Results: BMI, albumin, and hemoglobin levels of the malnourished patients were significantly lower than those of nourished patients (P < .05). Lymphocyte count was not significantly different between the 2 patient groups (P > .05). The status of edentate patients without a set of complete dentures compared with other edentate and dentate patients was the only independent risk factor (P < .05) in the 6 statuses studied. Conclusion: Primary healthcare workers caring for hospitalized geriatric patients should identify edentate patients without a set of complete dentures for the possibility of malnutrition.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/67099
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.487
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.539
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChai, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChu, FCSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChow, TWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorShum, NCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHui, WWHen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T05:51:57Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T05:51:57Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_HK
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal Of Prosthodontics, 2006, v. 19 n. 3, p. 244-249en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0893-2174en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/67099-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To investigate 6 dental statuses as risk factors for malnutrition in geriatric patients admitted to a convalescent and rehabilitation hospital. Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty (59 men and 61 women) geriatric patients admitted to a convalescent and rehabilitation hospital were recruited. Three biochemical and hematologic parameters (albumin, hemoglobin, and lymphocyte count) were used for analysis. Malnutrition was defined as Body Mass Index (BMI) below 18.5 and albumin level under 35 g/L. The number of natural or prosthetic teeth in the dentate patients, and the presence of one or both dentures in the edentate patients, were recorded. Risk factors associated with malnutrition were investigated, namely: (1) edentulism among all patients, (2) edentulism without a set of complete dentures among all patients, (3) edentulism without a set of complete dentures among the edentate patients, (4) decreased number (< 6) of occluding pairs of natural or prosthetic teeth among the dentate patients, (5) decreased number (< 5) of posterior occluding pairs of natural or prosthetic teeth among the dentate patients, and (6) absence of posterior occluding pairs of natural or prosthetic teeth among the dentate patients. One-way ANOVA and Bonferroni multiple comparisons were used to determine if significant differences in the anthropometric, biochemical, and hematologic parameters existed between the patients with different dental statuses. The odds ratio and significance of 6 dental statuses as risk factors of malnutrition were calculated (P = .05). Results: BMI, albumin, and hemoglobin levels of the malnourished patients were significantly lower than those of nourished patients (P < .05). Lymphocyte count was not significantly different between the 2 patient groups (P > .05). The status of edentate patients without a set of complete dentures compared with other edentate and dentate patients was the only independent risk factor (P < .05) in the 6 statuses studied. Conclusion: Primary healthcare workers caring for hospitalized geriatric patients should identify edentate patients without a set of complete dentures for the possibility of malnutrition.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherQuintessence Publishing Co, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.quintpub.comen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Prosthodonticsen_HK
dc.subject.meshAgeden_HK
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and overen_HK
dc.subject.meshBody Mass Indexen_HK
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studiesen_HK
dc.subject.meshDentitionen_HK
dc.subject.meshDenturesen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshGeriatric Assessmenten_HK
dc.subject.meshHealth Statusen_HK
dc.subject.meshHemoglobins - analysisen_HK
dc.subject.meshHospitals, Convalescenten_HK
dc.subject.meshHospitals, Specialen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshJaw, Edentulous - classification - rehabilitationen_HK
dc.subject.meshLymphocyte Counten_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshMalnutrition - diagnosisen_HK
dc.subject.meshNutrition Assessmenten_HK
dc.subject.meshNutritional Statusen_HK
dc.subject.meshOral Healthen_HK
dc.subject.meshRehabilitationen_HK
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_HK
dc.subject.meshSerum Albumin - analysisen_HK
dc.titleInfluence of dental status on nutritional status of geriatric patients in a convalescent and rehabilitation hospitalen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0893-2174&volume=19&spage=244&epage=249&date=2006&atitle=Influence+of+dental+status+on+nutritional+status+of+geriatric+patients+in+a+convalescent+and+rehabilitation+hospitalen_HK
dc.identifier.emailChu, FCS: cschu@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailChow, TW: twchow@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityChu, FCS=rp00035en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityChow, TW=rp00009en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.pmid16752619-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-33745011865en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros123130en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-33745011865&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume19en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage244en_HK
dc.identifier.epage249en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000237769900004-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChai, J=7202678911en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChu, FCS=7201881096en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChow, TW=7203012369en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridShum, NC=8658030600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHui, WWH=8658030200en_HK

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats