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Article: Developing explanatory models of health inequalities in childhood dental caries

TitleDeveloping explanatory models of health inequalities in childhood dental caries
Authors
KeywordsChildhood dental caries
International consortium
Methods
Issue Date2004
PublisherF D I World Dental Press Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.fdiworldental.org/resources/4_3community.html
Citation
Community Dental Health, 2004, v. 21 n. 1 SUPPL., p. 86-95 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective: Long-term aim is to determine optimum interventions to reduce dental caries in children in disadvantaged communities and minimise the effects of exclusion from health care systems, of ethnic diversity, and health inequalities. Design: generation of initial explanatory models, study protocol and development of two standardised measures. First, to investigate how parental attitudes may impact on their children's oral health-related behaviours and second, to assess how dentists' attitudes may impact on the provision of dental care. Subjects: Core research team, lead methodologists, 44 consortium members from 18 countries. To complete the development of the questionnaire, the initial set of items was administered to parents (n=23) with children in nursery schools in Dundee, Scotland and sent to the same parents one week later. A standardised measure examining barriers to providing dental care for children aged 3 to 6 years was developed. 20 dentists working in primary dental care in Scotland completed the measure on two different occasions separated by one week. Results: Explanatory models were developed. Family questionnaire: test-retest reliability excellent (r =0.93 p ≤ 0.001) with very good internal reliability (alpha = 0.89). Dentists questionnaire: excellent test-re-test reliability r=0.88, (alpha= 0.90). Conclusions: Interaction between consortium members enhanced the validity of the questionnaires and protocols for different cultural locations. There were challenges in developing and delivering this multi-centre study. Experience gained will support the development of substantive trials and longitudinal studies to address the considerable international health disparity of childhood dental caries.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/66452
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.767
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.395
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorPine, CMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorAdair, PMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPetersen, PEen_HK
dc.contributor.authorDouglass, Cen_HK
dc.contributor.authorBurnside, Gen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNicoll, ADen_HK
dc.contributor.authorGillett, Aen_HK
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Ren_HK
dc.contributor.authorBeighton, Den_HK
dc.contributor.authorJinYou, Ben_HK
dc.contributor.authorBroukal, Zen_HK
dc.contributor.authorBrown, JPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChestnutt, IGen_HK
dc.contributor.authorDeclerck, Den_HK
dc.contributor.authorDevine, Den_HK
dc.contributor.authorEspelid, Ien_HK
dc.contributor.authorFalcolini, Gen_HK
dc.contributor.authorFeng, XPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorFreeman, Ren_HK
dc.contributor.authorGibbons, Den_HK
dc.contributor.authorGugushe, Ten_HK
dc.contributor.authorHarris, Ren_HK
dc.contributor.authorKirkham, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLo, ECMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMarsh, Pen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMaupomé, Gen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNaidoo, Sen_HK
dc.contributor.authorRamosGomez, Fen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSutton, BKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Sen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T05:46:29Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T05:46:29Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_HK
dc.identifier.citationCommunity Dental Health, 2004, v. 21 n. 1 SUPPL., p. 86-95en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0265-539Xen_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/66452-
dc.description.abstractObjective: Long-term aim is to determine optimum interventions to reduce dental caries in children in disadvantaged communities and minimise the effects of exclusion from health care systems, of ethnic diversity, and health inequalities. Design: generation of initial explanatory models, study protocol and development of two standardised measures. First, to investigate how parental attitudes may impact on their children's oral health-related behaviours and second, to assess how dentists' attitudes may impact on the provision of dental care. Subjects: Core research team, lead methodologists, 44 consortium members from 18 countries. To complete the development of the questionnaire, the initial set of items was administered to parents (n=23) with children in nursery schools in Dundee, Scotland and sent to the same parents one week later. A standardised measure examining barriers to providing dental care for children aged 3 to 6 years was developed. 20 dentists working in primary dental care in Scotland completed the measure on two different occasions separated by one week. Results: Explanatory models were developed. Family questionnaire: test-retest reliability excellent (r =0.93 p ≤ 0.001) with very good internal reliability (alpha = 0.89). Dentists questionnaire: excellent test-re-test reliability r=0.88, (alpha= 0.90). Conclusions: Interaction between consortium members enhanced the validity of the questionnaires and protocols for different cultural locations. There were challenges in developing and delivering this multi-centre study. Experience gained will support the development of substantive trials and longitudinal studies to address the considerable international health disparity of childhood dental caries.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherF D I World Dental Press Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.fdiworldental.org/resources/4_3community.htmlen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofCommunity Dental Healthen_HK
dc.subjectChildhood dental cariesen_HK
dc.subjectInternational consortiumen_HK
dc.subjectMethodsen_HK
dc.titleDeveloping explanatory models of health inequalities in childhood dental cariesen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0265-539X&volume=21&spage=86&epage=95&date=2004&atitle=Developing+explanatory+models+of+health+inequalities+in+childhood+dental+cariesen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLo, ECM:hrdplcm@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLo, ECM=rp00015en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.pmid15072477-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-2342462986en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros88867en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-2342462986&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume21en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1 SUPPL.en_HK
dc.identifier.spage86en_HK
dc.identifier.epage95en_HK
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPine, CM=25122958300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAdair, PM=6701836080en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPetersen, PE=35265205400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridDouglass, C=7004690710en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBurnside, G=7003439907en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNicoll, AD=7102835812en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGillett, A=7004130564en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAnderson, R=7406485408en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBeighton, D=7005663074en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJinYou, B=6508305354en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBroukal, Z=7003992597en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBrown, JP=36547255900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChestnutt, IG=7004925714en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridDeclerck, D=7006009601en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridDevine, D=7101713132en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridEspelid, I=7003502857en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFalcolini, G=6602667361en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFeng, XP=7403047063en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFreeman, R=7401588923en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGibbons, D=7101697925en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGugushe, T=6603569409en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHarris, R=7405695593en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKirkham, J=7006455892en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLo, ECM=7101705982en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMarsh, P=24526067200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMaupomé, G=7005579001en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNaidoo, S=7005219577en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRamosGomez, F=7004489713en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSutton, BK=7102842850en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWilliams, S=7404834559en_HK

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