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Article: The effects of orthodontic appliances on Candida in the human mouth

TitleThe effects of orthodontic appliances on Candida in the human mouth
Authors
Issue Date2009
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0960-7439
Citation
International Journal Of Paediatric Dentistry, 2009, v. 19 n. 5, p. 301-308 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground. Candida is an opportunistic pathogen present in about 50-60% of the healthy human population, and becomes pathogenic when the host immune defence is undermined such as in HIV infection. Adhesion and colonization of the oral cavity by Candida albicans is an initial step in candidosis, and the presence of orthodontic and other oral appliances seems to alter the oral ecological environment, hence may tip the balance to favour the candidal presence. Objective. The purpose of this paper was to review the literature with specific attention to prevalence; intra-oral density of the candidal organisms; and Candida carriage status in orthodontic patients before, during, and after treatment. Conclusions. The limited amount of literature demonstrated that the density of Candida increases; the most common Candida species isolated in the orthodontic patients was C. albicans; and that there seems to be a direct relationship between the presence of a removable appliance, Candida, and low salivary pH levels. No healthy patients developed Candida infection from the orthodontic appliances. However, there seems to be a trend that some non-Candida carriers converted to Candida carriers following the insertion of the appliances by unknown mechanism. This may indicate a more cautious approach when providing orthodontic treatments to immunocompromised children concerning the possible increased risk of candidal infection. © 2009 BSPD, IAPD and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/66174
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.303
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.721
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHibino, Ken_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, RWKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHÄgg, Uen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSamaranayake, LPen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T05:44:11Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T05:44:11Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal Of Paediatric Dentistry, 2009, v. 19 n. 5, p. 301-308en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0960-7439en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/66174-
dc.description.abstractBackground. Candida is an opportunistic pathogen present in about 50-60% of the healthy human population, and becomes pathogenic when the host immune defence is undermined such as in HIV infection. Adhesion and colonization of the oral cavity by Candida albicans is an initial step in candidosis, and the presence of orthodontic and other oral appliances seems to alter the oral ecological environment, hence may tip the balance to favour the candidal presence. Objective. The purpose of this paper was to review the literature with specific attention to prevalence; intra-oral density of the candidal organisms; and Candida carriage status in orthodontic patients before, during, and after treatment. Conclusions. The limited amount of literature demonstrated that the density of Candida increases; the most common Candida species isolated in the orthodontic patients was C. albicans; and that there seems to be a direct relationship between the presence of a removable appliance, Candida, and low salivary pH levels. No healthy patients developed Candida infection from the orthodontic appliances. However, there seems to be a trend that some non-Candida carriers converted to Candida carriers following the insertion of the appliances by unknown mechanism. This may indicate a more cautious approach when providing orthodontic treatments to immunocompromised children concerning the possible increased risk of candidal infection. © 2009 BSPD, IAPD and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0960-7439en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistryen_HK
dc.rightsInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. Copyright © Blackwell Publishing Ltd.en_HK
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_HK
dc.subject.meshCandidaen_HK
dc.subject.meshCandidiasis, Oral - immunologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshChilden_HK
dc.subject.meshDental Plaque - microbiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshImmunocompromised Hosten_HK
dc.subject.meshMouth - microbiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshOrthodontic Appliances - microbiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshOrthodontics - instrumentationen_HK
dc.subject.meshYoung Adulten_HK
dc.titleThe effects of orthodontic appliances on Candida in the human mouthen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0960-7439&volume=19&spage=301&epage=308&date=2009&atitle=The+effects+of+orthodontic+appliances+on+Candida+in+the+human+mouthen_HK
dc.identifier.emailWong, RWK:fyoung@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailHÄgg, U:euohagg@hkusua.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailSamaranayake, LP:lakshman@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWong, RWK=rp00038en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHÄgg, U=rp00020en_HK
dc.identifier.authoritySamaranayake, LP=rp00023en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1365-263X.2009.00988.xen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid19486368-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-68949214450en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros162024en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-68949214450&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume19en_HK
dc.identifier.issue5en_HK
dc.identifier.spage301en_HK
dc.identifier.epage308en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000268927600001-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHibino, K=26632113100en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, RWK=7402127170en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHÄgg, U=7006790279en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSamaranayake, LP=7102761002en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike5537679-

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