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Article: Early childhood caries lesions in preschool children in Kerala, India

TitleEarly childhood caries lesions in preschool children in Kerala, India
Authors
KeywordsEarly childhood caries
India
Kerala
Issue Date2003
PublisherAmerican Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.aapd.org/publications/peddent/
Citation
Pediatric Dentistry, 2003, v. 25 n. 6, p. 594-600 How to Cite?
AbstractPurpose: No data are available on possible risk indicators or the prevalence of caries lesions for preschool children under 4 years of age in Kerala, southern India. Therefore, the aims of this study were: (1) to gather data on caries lesion frequency and distribution; (2) to determine any possible associations with feeding habits and oral health care practices. Methods: A sample of 530 children, aged from 8 to 48 months (mean=2.5±0.96 years), who attended 13 day care centers were clinically examined for caries lesions using a disposable mouth mirror, tongue spatula, and a torch light. There were 513 dentate children. The caregiver of each child then completed, by interview, a structured questionnaire. Results: Among the group of 252 girls and 278 boys, the dmft was 1.84±2.87 with 56% of the children being caries-lesion free. Fifty-nine (12%) were considered to have early childhood caries (ECC), based on the criteria that smooth surface caries lesions on all 4 maxillary incisor teeth indicated severe ECC. Breast-feeding was practiced by 99% of the mothers, and 5% did so exclusively. Generally, breast-feeding was on demand. Statistically significant correlations were found between caries lesions and the child's dental condition, as perceived by the mother or caregiver (P<.0001), the dental status of the caregiver (P=.04l7), consumption of snacks (P=.0177), giving of sweets as a reward (P<.0001), cleaning of the child's mouth (P<.0001), oral hygiene status of the child (P<.0001) and low socioeconomic status, as measured by income (P<.000l). Conclusion: From the results of this study of preschool children in Kerala, the groups at high risk from dental caries lesions are: (1) those with poor oral hygiene status; (2) those who consume snacks and are given sweets as rewards; (3) those belonging to a lower socioeconomic class.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/66142
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.872
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.458
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJose, Ben_HK
dc.contributor.authorKing, NMen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T05:43:55Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T05:43:55Z-
dc.date.issued2003en_HK
dc.identifier.citationPediatric Dentistry, 2003, v. 25 n. 6, p. 594-600en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0164-1263en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/66142-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: No data are available on possible risk indicators or the prevalence of caries lesions for preschool children under 4 years of age in Kerala, southern India. Therefore, the aims of this study were: (1) to gather data on caries lesion frequency and distribution; (2) to determine any possible associations with feeding habits and oral health care practices. Methods: A sample of 530 children, aged from 8 to 48 months (mean=2.5±0.96 years), who attended 13 day care centers were clinically examined for caries lesions using a disposable mouth mirror, tongue spatula, and a torch light. There were 513 dentate children. The caregiver of each child then completed, by interview, a structured questionnaire. Results: Among the group of 252 girls and 278 boys, the dmft was 1.84±2.87 with 56% of the children being caries-lesion free. Fifty-nine (12%) were considered to have early childhood caries (ECC), based on the criteria that smooth surface caries lesions on all 4 maxillary incisor teeth indicated severe ECC. Breast-feeding was practiced by 99% of the mothers, and 5% did so exclusively. Generally, breast-feeding was on demand. Statistically significant correlations were found between caries lesions and the child's dental condition, as perceived by the mother or caregiver (P<.0001), the dental status of the caregiver (P=.04l7), consumption of snacks (P=.0177), giving of sweets as a reward (P<.0001), cleaning of the child's mouth (P<.0001), oral hygiene status of the child (P<.0001) and low socioeconomic status, as measured by income (P<.000l). Conclusion: From the results of this study of preschool children in Kerala, the groups at high risk from dental caries lesions are: (1) those with poor oral hygiene status; (2) those who consume snacks and are given sweets as rewards; (3) those belonging to a lower socioeconomic class.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherAmerican Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.aapd.org/publications/peddent/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofPediatric Dentistryen_HK
dc.subjectEarly childhood cariesen_HK
dc.subjectIndiaen_HK
dc.subjectKeralaen_HK
dc.titleEarly childhood caries lesions in preschool children in Kerala, Indiaen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0164-1263&volume=25 No6&spage=594&epage=600&date=2004&atitle=Early+childhood+caries+lesions+in+preschool+children+in+Kerala,+Indiaen_HK
dc.identifier.emailKing, NM: hhdbknm@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityKing, NM=rp00006en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.pmid14733478-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-1342306384en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros85588en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-1342306384&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume25en_HK
dc.identifier.issue6en_HK
dc.identifier.spage594en_HK
dc.identifier.epage600en_HK
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJose, B=7005990832en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKing, NM=7201762850en_HK

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