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Article: Race and Language: Ties of 'Blood and Speech', Fictive Identity and Empire in the Writings of Henry Maine and Edward Freeman
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TitleRace and Language: Ties of 'Blood and Speech', Fictive Identity and Empire in the Writings of Henry Maine and Edward Freeman
 
AuthorsHutton, C
 
KeywordsLinguistic Theory
Aryan, Language And The British Empire
Linguistics And Identity
Orientalism
Race Theory
 
Issue Date2000
 
PublisherRoutledge. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/1369801X.asp
 
CitationInterventions, 2000, v. 2 n. 1, p. 53-72 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/136980100360797
 
AbstractThis essay examines the views of two nineteenth-century intellectuals, the lawyer Sir Henry Sumner Maine (1822-88), and the historian Edward Augustus Freeman (1823-92). Both were writing at the height of Empire, in the age of the 'comparative spirit' and of the new sciences of comparative philology and comparative ethnology. Neither was a professional linguist nor a race theorist, but both responded to the rise of these new sciences by noting their great impact on European politics. New forms of identity had arisen based on a shared language or a reconstructed linguistic affinity. Maine and Freeman shared the recognition that these new identities were not strictly grounded in accepted scientific fact, and that race could not simply be equated with language. Both Maine and Freeman were concerned with the nature of the British Empire, and Freeman in particular saw a potential conflict between the new language-based identities of Europe and the future of the British Empire. For Freeman saw the ties of Empire as a threat to Britain and to its relationship with the United States within a 'Greater Britain' made up of politically independent but ideologically and linguistically kindred states. It is argued that a key to the understanding of twentieth-century identity politics can be found in the partial dislocation - perceived clearly by Freeman and Maine - of these new identities both from historical reality and from the categories of philological and ethnological science. These identities draw on the prestige of these new sciences, but they are fictive identities constructed as myth and requiring acts of social will and leadership ('the hero') to sustain them.
 
ISSN1369-801X
2013 Impact Factor: 0.196
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.177
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/136980100360797
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorHutton, C
 
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T05:39:32Z
 
dc.date.available2010-09-06T05:39:32Z
 
dc.date.issued2000
 
dc.description.abstractThis essay examines the views of two nineteenth-century intellectuals, the lawyer Sir Henry Sumner Maine (1822-88), and the historian Edward Augustus Freeman (1823-92). Both were writing at the height of Empire, in the age of the 'comparative spirit' and of the new sciences of comparative philology and comparative ethnology. Neither was a professional linguist nor a race theorist, but both responded to the rise of these new sciences by noting their great impact on European politics. New forms of identity had arisen based on a shared language or a reconstructed linguistic affinity. Maine and Freeman shared the recognition that these new identities were not strictly grounded in accepted scientific fact, and that race could not simply be equated with language. Both Maine and Freeman were concerned with the nature of the British Empire, and Freeman in particular saw a potential conflict between the new language-based identities of Europe and the future of the British Empire. For Freeman saw the ties of Empire as a threat to Britain and to its relationship with the United States within a 'Greater Britain' made up of politically independent but ideologically and linguistically kindred states. It is argued that a key to the understanding of twentieth-century identity politics can be found in the partial dislocation - perceived clearly by Freeman and Maine - of these new identities both from historical reality and from the categories of philological and ethnological science. These identities draw on the prestige of these new sciences, but they are fictive identities constructed as myth and requiring acts of social will and leadership ('the hero') to sustain them.
 
dc.identifier.citationInterventions, 2000, v. 2 n. 1, p. 53-72 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/136980100360797
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/136980100360797
 
dc.identifier.epage72
 
dc.identifier.hkuros52100
 
dc.identifier.issn1369-801X
2013 Impact Factor: 0.196
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.177
 
dc.identifier.issue1
 
dc.identifier.openurl
 
dc.identifier.spage53
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/65627
 
dc.identifier.volume2
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherRoutledge. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/1369801X.asp
 
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
 
dc.relation.ispartofInterventions
 
dc.subjectLinguistic Theory
 
dc.subjectAryan, Language And The British Empire
 
dc.subjectLinguistics And Identity
 
dc.subjectOrientalism
 
dc.subjectRace Theory
 
dc.titleRace and Language: Ties of 'Blood and Speech', Fictive Identity and Empire in the Writings of Henry Maine and Edward Freeman
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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