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Article: Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA): A multicity study of short-term effects of air pollution on mortality

TitlePublic Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA): A multicity study of short-term effects of air pollution on mortality
Authors
KeywordsAir pollution
Bangkok
Hong Kong
Mortality
Shanghai
Time-series analysis
Wuhan
Issue Date2008
PublisherUS Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. The Journal's web site is located at http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/
Citation
Environmental Health Perspectives, 2008, v. 116 n. 9, p. 1195-1202 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground and Objectives: Although the deleterious effects of air pollution from fossil fuel combustion have been demonstrated in many Western nations, fewer studies have been conducted in Asia. The Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA) project assessed the effects of short-term exposure to air pollution on daily mortality in Bangkok, Thailand, and in three cities in China: Hong Kong, Shanghai, and Wuhan. Methods: Poisson regression models incorporating natural spline smoothing functions were used to adjust for seasonality and other time-varying covariates that might confound the association between air pollution and mortality. Effect estimates were determined for each city and then for the cities combined using a random effects method. Results: In individual cities, associations were detected between most of the pollutants [nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter ≤ 10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM 10), and ozone] and most health outcomes under study (i.e., all natural-cause, cardiovascular, and respiratory mortality). The city-combined effects of the four pollutants tended to be equal or greater than those identified in studies conducted in Western industrial nations. In addition, residents of Asian cities are likely to have higher exposures to air pollution than those in Western industrial nations because they spend more time outdoors and less time in air conditioning. Conclusions: Although the social and environmental conditions may be quite different, it is reasonable apply estimates derived from previous health effect of air pollution studies in the West to Asia.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/60289
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 8.443
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.529
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, CMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorVichitVadakan, Nen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKan, Hen_HK
dc.contributor.authorQian, Zen_HK
dc.contributor.authorVajanapoom, Nen_HK
dc.contributor.authorOstro, Ben_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, CMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorThach, TQen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChau, PYKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChan, KPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChung, RYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorQu, CQen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYang, Len_HK
dc.contributor.authorThomas, GNen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHadley, AJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPeiris, JSMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, TWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKan, Hen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChen, Ben_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Nen_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Yen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKan, Hen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLondon, SJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSong, Gen_HK
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Len_HK
dc.contributor.authorChen, Gen_HK
dc.contributor.authorQian, Zen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLin, HMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorBentley, CMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLin, HMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHe, Qen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKong, Len_HK
dc.contributor.authorYang, Nen_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Den_HK
dc.contributor.authorXu, Sen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Wen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-31T04:07:38Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-31T04:07:38Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_HK
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental Health Perspectives, 2008, v. 116 n. 9, p. 1195-1202en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0091-6765en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/60289-
dc.description.abstractBackground and Objectives: Although the deleterious effects of air pollution from fossil fuel combustion have been demonstrated in many Western nations, fewer studies have been conducted in Asia. The Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA) project assessed the effects of short-term exposure to air pollution on daily mortality in Bangkok, Thailand, and in three cities in China: Hong Kong, Shanghai, and Wuhan. Methods: Poisson regression models incorporating natural spline smoothing functions were used to adjust for seasonality and other time-varying covariates that might confound the association between air pollution and mortality. Effect estimates were determined for each city and then for the cities combined using a random effects method. Results: In individual cities, associations were detected between most of the pollutants [nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter ≤ 10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM 10), and ozone] and most health outcomes under study (i.e., all natural-cause, cardiovascular, and respiratory mortality). The city-combined effects of the four pollutants tended to be equal or greater than those identified in studies conducted in Western industrial nations. In addition, residents of Asian cities are likely to have higher exposures to air pollution than those in Western industrial nations because they spend more time outdoors and less time in air conditioning. Conclusions: Although the social and environmental conditions may be quite different, it is reasonable apply estimates derived from previous health effect of air pollution studies in the West to Asia.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherUS Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. The Journal's web site is located at http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofEnvironmental Health Perspectivesen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectAir pollutionen_HK
dc.subjectBangkoken_HK
dc.subjectHong Kongen_HK
dc.subjectMortalityen_HK
dc.subjectShanghaien_HK
dc.subjectTime-series analysisen_HK
dc.subjectWuhanen_HK
dc.subject.meshAgeden_HK
dc.subject.meshAir Pollutionen_HK
dc.subject.meshAsia - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshDose-Response Relationship, Drugen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_HK
dc.subject.meshPublic Healthen_HK
dc.titlePublic Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA): A multicity study of short-term effects of air pollution on mortalityen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0091-6765&volume=116&issue=9&spage=1195&epage=1202&date=2008&atitle=Public+health+and+air+pollution+in+Asia+(PAPA):+A+multicity+study+of+short-term+effects+of+air+pollution+on+mortalityen_HK
dc.identifier.emailWong, CM: hrmrwcm@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailWong, CM: hrmrwcm@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailThach, TQ: thach@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH: hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailPeiris, JSM: malik@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWong, CM=rp00338en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWong, CM=rp00338en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityThach, TQ=rp00450en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityPeiris, JSM=rp00410en_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1289/ehp.11257en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid18795163-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC2535622-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-54149107453en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros150734en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-54149107453&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume116en_HK
dc.identifier.issue9en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1195en_HK
dc.identifier.epage1202en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1552-9924-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000259020100034-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, CM=7404954904en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridVichitVadakan, N=6507000428en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKan, H=34876734500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridQian, Z=35727771800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridVajanapoom, N=6507617527en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridOstro, B=7003571962en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, CM=7404954904en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridThach, TQ=6602850066en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChau, PYK=34876162600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, KP=27171298000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChung, RY=23988568600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridQu, CQ=25648504000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYang, L=7406279703en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridThomas, GN=35465269900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHadley, AJ=7005515279en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPeiris, JSM=7005486823en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, TW=7403531744en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKan, H=7101602991en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChen, B=7408608413en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhao, N=7101663080en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, Y=7601335850en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKan, H=35361318200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLondon, SJ=7102236521en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSong, G=15924424000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJiang, L=37087069600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChen, G=35232472100en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridQian, Z=7201384466en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLin, HM=7405572723en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBentley, CM=7006295009en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLin, HM=7405572270en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHe, Q=17344029400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKong, L=17343900200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYang, N=17344800900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhou, D=14059164000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridXu, S=24082108200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLiu, W=7407341280en_HK

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