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Article: Turning crisis into opportunity: Nature of science and scientific inquiry as illustrated in the scientific research on severe acute respiratory syndrome

TitleTurning crisis into opportunity: Nature of science and scientific inquiry as illustrated in the scientific research on severe acute respiratory syndrome
Authors
KeywordsDevelopment of instructional materials
Nature of science
Scientific inquiry
Scientists
Issue Date2009
PublisherSpringer Verlag Dordrecht. The Journal's web site is located at http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0926-7220
Citation
Science And Education, 2009, v. 18 n. 1, p. 95-118 How to Cite?
AbstractInterviews with key scientists who had conducted research on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), together with analysis of media reports, documentaries and other literature published during and after the SARS epidemic, revealed many interesting aspects of the nature of science (NOS) and scientific inquiry in contemporary scientific research in the rapidly growing field of molecular biology. The story of SARS illustrates vividly some NOS features advocated in the school science curriculum, including the tentative nature of scientific knowledge, theory-laden observation and interpretation, multiplicity of approaches adopted in scientific inquiry, the inter-relationship between science and technology, and the nexus of science, politics, social and cultural practices. The story also provided some insights into a number of NOS features less emphasised in the school curriculum-for example, the need to combine and coordinate expertise in a number of scientific fields, the intense competition between research groups (suspended during the SARS crisis), the significance of affective issues relating to intellectual honesty and the courage to challenge authority, the pressure of funding issues on the conduct of research and the 'peace of mind' of researchers, These less emphasised elements provided empirical evidence that NOS knowledge, like scientific knowledge itself, changes over time. They reflected the need for teachers and curriculum planners to revisit and reconsider whether the features of NOS currently included in the school science curriculum are fully reflective of the practice of science in the 21st century. In this paper, we also report on how we made use of extracts from the news reports and documentaries on SARS, together with episodes from the scientists' interviews, to develop a multimedia instructional package for explicitly teaching the prominent features of NOS and scientific inquiry identified in the SARS research. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/60065
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.792
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.699
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Research Grant Council of Hong Kong SAR, ChinaHKU 7483/04H
Funding Information:

The authors gratefully acknowledge the nine scientists who kindly devoted their precious time to be our informants. The research reported in this paper was supported by a Competitive Earmarked Research Grant of the Research Grant Council of Hong Kong SAR, China ( Project No: HKU 7483/04H).

References
Grants

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, SLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKwan, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHodson, Den_HK
dc.contributor.authorYung, BHWen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-31T04:03:02Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-31T04:03:02Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citationScience And Education, 2009, v. 18 n. 1, p. 95-118en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0926-7220en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/60065-
dc.description.abstractInterviews with key scientists who had conducted research on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), together with analysis of media reports, documentaries and other literature published during and after the SARS epidemic, revealed many interesting aspects of the nature of science (NOS) and scientific inquiry in contemporary scientific research in the rapidly growing field of molecular biology. The story of SARS illustrates vividly some NOS features advocated in the school science curriculum, including the tentative nature of scientific knowledge, theory-laden observation and interpretation, multiplicity of approaches adopted in scientific inquiry, the inter-relationship between science and technology, and the nexus of science, politics, social and cultural practices. The story also provided some insights into a number of NOS features less emphasised in the school curriculum-for example, the need to combine and coordinate expertise in a number of scientific fields, the intense competition between research groups (suspended during the SARS crisis), the significance of affective issues relating to intellectual honesty and the courage to challenge authority, the pressure of funding issues on the conduct of research and the 'peace of mind' of researchers, These less emphasised elements provided empirical evidence that NOS knowledge, like scientific knowledge itself, changes over time. They reflected the need for teachers and curriculum planners to revisit and reconsider whether the features of NOS currently included in the school science curriculum are fully reflective of the practice of science in the 21st century. In this paper, we also report on how we made use of extracts from the news reports and documentaries on SARS, together with episodes from the scientists' interviews, to develop a multimedia instructional package for explicitly teaching the prominent features of NOS and scientific inquiry identified in the SARS research. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherSpringer Verlag Dordrecht. The Journal's web site is located at http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0926-7220en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofScience and Educationen_HK
dc.subjectDevelopment of instructional materialsen_HK
dc.subjectNature of scienceen_HK
dc.subjectScientific inquiryen_HK
dc.subjectScientistsen_HK
dc.titleTurning crisis into opportunity: Nature of science and scientific inquiry as illustrated in the scientific research on severe acute respiratory syndromeen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0926-7220&volume=18&issue=1&spage=95&epage=118&date=2009&atitle=Turning+crisis+into+opportunity:+Nature+of+science+and+scientific+inquiry+as+illustrated+in+the+scientific+research+on+Severe+Acute+Respiratory+Syndromeen_HK
dc.identifier.emailWong, SL: aslwong@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailYung, BHW: hwyung@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWong, SL=rp00972en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityYung, BHW=rp00985en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11191-007-9123-5en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-57249094159en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros166273en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-57249094159&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume18en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage95en_HK
dc.identifier.epage118en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1573-1901-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000265597400007-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_HK
dc.relation.projectEnhancing teachers' understanding of the nature of science through a case study on SARS research-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, SL=55253498200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKwan, J=24773851400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHodson, D=7005808343en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYung, BHW=8293186400en_HK

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