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Article: 1700 Victims of intimate partner violence: Characteristics and clinical outcomes
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Title1700 Victims of intimate partner violence: Characteristics and clinical outcomes
 
AuthorsLau, CL2
Ching, WM2
Tong, WL2
Chan, KL1
Tsui, KL2
Kam, CW2
 
KeywordsBattered women
Domestic violence
Emergency medical services
Prevalence
Spouse abuse
 
Issue Date2008
 
PublisherHong Kong Medical Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org/resources/supp.html
 
CitationHong Kong Medical Journal, 2008, v. 14 n. 6, p. 451-457 [How to Cite?]
 
AbstractObjective: To investigate the demographics and clinical outcomes of intimate partner violence victims presenting to an emergency department. Design: Retrospective, observational study. Setting: Emergency department of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. Patients: Adults presented with intimate partner violence during years 1999 to 2004. Results: We assessed 1695 victims of intimate partner violence with a mean age of 39 (range, 18-84) years, of whom 87% were female. Most of the patients were in the age-group of 31 to 40 years and the overall male-to-female ratio was 1:7. In Tin Shui Wai and Yuen Long districts, such cases appeared to be on the increase. Nearly two thirds (65%) of all the victims presented to the emergency department outside the office hours of medical social workers. Approximately 10% had been abused once before, and 40% more than twice. The head (39%), face (30%), upper limbs (37%), and lower limbs (17%) were commonly the injured parts. The majority (73%) had mild injuries; severe injuries being relatively less common. The latter included lacerations or cuts (6.6%), nasal bone fractures (0.3%), limb fractures (0.8%), and ruptured tympanic membranes (0.9%). In-patient management was undertaken for 8% of the victims, due to physical injury in 68% of these individuals and psychological trauma in the remaining 32%. The hospital admission rate dropped from 12% in 2001 to 4% in 2004. Conclusions: Variations in demographic data had a significant impact on future service planning and management of intimate partner violence. Accident and Emergency Department and Emergency Medicine Ward services together with extended social worker support could provide timely, multidisciplinary care to meet the various needs of victims and subsequently reduce hospital admissions.
 
ISSN1024-2708
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.293
 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorLau, CL
 
dc.contributor.authorChing, WM
 
dc.contributor.authorTong, WL
 
dc.contributor.authorChan, KL
 
dc.contributor.authorTsui, KL
 
dc.contributor.authorKam, CW
 
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-31T03:57:42Z
 
dc.date.available2010-05-31T03:57:42Z
 
dc.date.issued2008
 
dc.description.abstractObjective: To investigate the demographics and clinical outcomes of intimate partner violence victims presenting to an emergency department. Design: Retrospective, observational study. Setting: Emergency department of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. Patients: Adults presented with intimate partner violence during years 1999 to 2004. Results: We assessed 1695 victims of intimate partner violence with a mean age of 39 (range, 18-84) years, of whom 87% were female. Most of the patients were in the age-group of 31 to 40 years and the overall male-to-female ratio was 1:7. In Tin Shui Wai and Yuen Long districts, such cases appeared to be on the increase. Nearly two thirds (65%) of all the victims presented to the emergency department outside the office hours of medical social workers. Approximately 10% had been abused once before, and 40% more than twice. The head (39%), face (30%), upper limbs (37%), and lower limbs (17%) were commonly the injured parts. The majority (73%) had mild injuries; severe injuries being relatively less common. The latter included lacerations or cuts (6.6%), nasal bone fractures (0.3%), limb fractures (0.8%), and ruptured tympanic membranes (0.9%). In-patient management was undertaken for 8% of the victims, due to physical injury in 68% of these individuals and psychological trauma in the remaining 32%. The hospital admission rate dropped from 12% in 2001 to 4% in 2004. Conclusions: Variations in demographic data had a significant impact on future service planning and management of intimate partner violence. Accident and Emergency Department and Emergency Medicine Ward services together with extended social worker support could provide timely, multidisciplinary care to meet the various needs of victims and subsequently reduce hospital admissions.
 
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationHong Kong Medical Journal, 2008, v. 14 n. 6, p. 451-457 [How to Cite?]
 
dc.identifier.epage457
 
dc.identifier.hkuros162204
 
dc.identifier.issn1024-2708
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.293
 
dc.identifier.issue6
 
dc.identifier.openurl
 
dc.identifier.pmid19060344
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-60849095559
 
dc.identifier.spage451
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/59802
 
dc.identifier.volume14
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherHong Kong Medical Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org/resources/supp.html
 
dc.publisher.placeHong Kong
 
dc.relation.ispartofHong Kong Medical Journal
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.rightsHong Kong Medical Journal. Copyright © Hong Kong Medical Association.
 
dc.subjectBattered women
 
dc.subjectDomestic violence
 
dc.subjectEmergency medical services
 
dc.subjectPrevalence
 
dc.subjectSpouse abuse
 
dc.title1700 Victims of intimate partner violence: Characteristics and clinical outcomes
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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<contributor.author>Tsui, KL</contributor.author>
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<description.abstract>Objective: To investigate the demographics and clinical outcomes of intimate partner violence victims presenting to an emergency department. Design: Retrospective, observational study. Setting: Emergency department of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. Patients: Adults presented with intimate partner violence during years 1999 to 2004. Results: We assessed 1695 victims of intimate partner violence with a mean age of 39 (range, 18-84) years, of whom 87% were female. Most of the patients were in the age-group of 31 to 40 years and the overall male-to-female ratio was 1:7. In Tin Shui Wai and Yuen Long districts, such cases appeared to be on the increase. Nearly two thirds (65%) of all the victims presented to the emergency department outside the office hours of medical social workers. Approximately 10% had been abused once before, and 40% more than twice. The head (39%), face (30%), upper limbs (37%), and lower limbs (17%) were commonly the injured parts. The majority (73%) had mild injuries; severe injuries being relatively less common. The latter included lacerations or cuts (6.6%), nasal bone fractures (0.3%), limb fractures (0.8%), and ruptured tympanic membranes (0.9%). In-patient management was undertaken for 8% of the victims, due to physical injury in 68% of these individuals and psychological trauma in the remaining 32%. The hospital admission rate dropped from 12% in 2001 to 4% in 2004. Conclusions: Variations in demographic data had a significant impact on future service planning and management of intimate partner violence. Accident and Emergency Department and Emergency Medicine Ward services together with extended social worker support could provide timely, multidisciplinary care to meet the various needs of victims and subsequently reduce hospital admissions.</description.abstract>
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<subject>Battered women</subject>
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Author Affiliations
  1. The University of Hong Kong
  2. Tuen Mun Hospital