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Article: 1700 Victims of intimate partner violence: Characteristics and clinical outcomes

Title1700 Victims of intimate partner violence: Characteristics and clinical outcomes
Authors
KeywordsBattered women
Domestic violence
Emergency medical services
Prevalence
Spouse abuse
Issue Date2008
PublisherHong Kong Medical Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org/resources/supp.html
Citation
Hong Kong Medical Journal, 2008, v. 14 n. 6, p. 451-457 How to Cite?
Abstract
Objective: To investigate the demographics and clinical outcomes of intimate partner violence victims presenting to an emergency department. Design: Retrospective, observational study. Setting: Emergency department of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. Patients: Adults presented with intimate partner violence during years 1999 to 2004. Results: We assessed 1695 victims of intimate partner violence with a mean age of 39 (range, 18-84) years, of whom 87% were female. Most of the patients were in the age-group of 31 to 40 years and the overall male-to-female ratio was 1:7. In Tin Shui Wai and Yuen Long districts, such cases appeared to be on the increase. Nearly two thirds (65%) of all the victims presented to the emergency department outside the office hours of medical social workers. Approximately 10% had been abused once before, and 40% more than twice. The head (39%), face (30%), upper limbs (37%), and lower limbs (17%) were commonly the injured parts. The majority (73%) had mild injuries; severe injuries being relatively less common. The latter included lacerations or cuts (6.6%), nasal bone fractures (0.3%), limb fractures (0.8%), and ruptured tympanic membranes (0.9%). In-patient management was undertaken for 8% of the victims, due to physical injury in 68% of these individuals and psychological trauma in the remaining 32%. The hospital admission rate dropped from 12% in 2001 to 4% in 2004. Conclusions: Variations in demographic data had a significant impact on future service planning and management of intimate partner violence. Accident and Emergency Department and Emergency Medicine Ward services together with extended social worker support could provide timely, multidisciplinary care to meet the various needs of victims and subsequently reduce hospital admissions.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/59802
ISSN
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.293
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLau, CLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChing, WMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTong, WLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChan, KLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTsui, KLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKam, CWen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-31T03:57:42Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-31T03:57:42Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_HK
dc.identifier.citationHong Kong Medical Journal, 2008, v. 14 n. 6, p. 451-457en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1024-2708en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/59802-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To investigate the demographics and clinical outcomes of intimate partner violence victims presenting to an emergency department. Design: Retrospective, observational study. Setting: Emergency department of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. Patients: Adults presented with intimate partner violence during years 1999 to 2004. Results: We assessed 1695 victims of intimate partner violence with a mean age of 39 (range, 18-84) years, of whom 87% were female. Most of the patients were in the age-group of 31 to 40 years and the overall male-to-female ratio was 1:7. In Tin Shui Wai and Yuen Long districts, such cases appeared to be on the increase. Nearly two thirds (65%) of all the victims presented to the emergency department outside the office hours of medical social workers. Approximately 10% had been abused once before, and 40% more than twice. The head (39%), face (30%), upper limbs (37%), and lower limbs (17%) were commonly the injured parts. The majority (73%) had mild injuries; severe injuries being relatively less common. The latter included lacerations or cuts (6.6%), nasal bone fractures (0.3%), limb fractures (0.8%), and ruptured tympanic membranes (0.9%). In-patient management was undertaken for 8% of the victims, due to physical injury in 68% of these individuals and psychological trauma in the remaining 32%. The hospital admission rate dropped from 12% in 2001 to 4% in 2004. Conclusions: Variations in demographic data had a significant impact on future service planning and management of intimate partner violence. Accident and Emergency Department and Emergency Medicine Ward services together with extended social worker support could provide timely, multidisciplinary care to meet the various needs of victims and subsequently reduce hospital admissions.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherHong Kong Medical Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org/resources/supp.htmlen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofHong Kong Medical Journalen_HK
dc.rightsHong Kong Medical Journal. Copyright © Hong Kong Medical Association.en_HK
dc.subjectBattered womenen_HK
dc.subjectDomestic violenceen_HK
dc.subjectEmergency medical servicesen_HK
dc.subjectPrevalenceen_HK
dc.subjectSpouse abuseen_HK
dc.title1700 Victims of intimate partner violence: Characteristics and clinical outcomesen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1024-2708&volume=14&issue=6&spage=31&epage=8&date=2008&atitle=1700+Victims+of+intimate+partner+violence:+characteristics+and+clinical+outcomesen_HK
dc.identifier.emailChan, KL: eklchan@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityChan, KL=rp00572en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.pmid19060344en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-60849095559en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros162204en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-60849095559&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume14en_HK
dc.identifier.issue6en_HK
dc.identifier.spage451en_HK
dc.identifier.epage457en_HK
dc.publisher.placeHong Kongen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLau, CL=8061290200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChing, WM=8061290300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTong, WL=26322137400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, KL=8504873300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTsui, KL=35745300400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKam, CW=7102416674en_HK

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