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Article: Chinese kang as a domestic heating system in rural northern China-A review

TitleChinese kang as a domestic heating system in rural northern China-A review
Authors
KeywordsChinese kang
Elevated kang
Home heating
Northern China
Rural indoor air quality
Thermal storage
Issue Date2009
PublisherElsevier SA. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enbuild
Citation
Energy And Buildings, 2009, v. 41 n. 1, p. 111-119 How to Cite?
AbstractThe Chinese kang is an ancient integrated home system for cooking, sleeping, domestic heating and ventilation. It is still widely used today in nearly 85% of rural homes in northern China. In 2004, there were 67 million kangs used by 175 million people. Existing kang designs are mostly based on the intuition and accumulation of craftsman experience. There is a trend that Chinese kang is gradually replaced by bed and coal-burning radiators, domestic heating stoves, etc. using commercial energy. As rural building heating constitutes 25% of total building energy consumption in China, we consider that the transition and new technologies for rural home heating in northern China is crucial for managing future building energy consumption in China. This paper reviews the basic heat transfer and airflow principles of Chinese kang, as well as describing the traditional grounded kang and the relatively new elevated kang. The thermal performance of the kang is shown by data from literature and field surveys. The future of Chinese kang and research needs is also briefly discussed. There is also a need for scientific study in addition to experience accumulation, to form basis for engineering design. Crown Copyright © 2008.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/59026
ISSN
2014 Impact Factor: 2.884
2014 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.990
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, ChinaHKU 7154/05E
NSFC Young Researcher Award50729803
Funding Information:

This work was supported by a grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Project No. HKU 7154/05E) and NSFC Young Researcher Award (Project No. 50729803) on investigating energy consumption and indoor air quality in rural homes in Northern China. The work is a part of the International Energy Agency Annex 44 project on Integrating Environmentally Responsive Elements in Buildings.

References
Grants

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhuang, Zen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLi, Yen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChen, Ben_HK
dc.contributor.authorGuo, Jen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-31T03:41:38Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-31T03:41:38Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citationEnergy And Buildings, 2009, v. 41 n. 1, p. 111-119en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0378-7788en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/59026-
dc.description.abstractThe Chinese kang is an ancient integrated home system for cooking, sleeping, domestic heating and ventilation. It is still widely used today in nearly 85% of rural homes in northern China. In 2004, there were 67 million kangs used by 175 million people. Existing kang designs are mostly based on the intuition and accumulation of craftsman experience. There is a trend that Chinese kang is gradually replaced by bed and coal-burning radiators, domestic heating stoves, etc. using commercial energy. As rural building heating constitutes 25% of total building energy consumption in China, we consider that the transition and new technologies for rural home heating in northern China is crucial for managing future building energy consumption in China. This paper reviews the basic heat transfer and airflow principles of Chinese kang, as well as describing the traditional grounded kang and the relatively new elevated kang. The thermal performance of the kang is shown by data from literature and field surveys. The future of Chinese kang and research needs is also briefly discussed. There is also a need for scientific study in addition to experience accumulation, to form basis for engineering design. Crown Copyright © 2008.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherElsevier SA. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enbuilden_HK
dc.relation.ispartofEnergy and Buildingsen_HK
dc.subjectChinese kangen_HK
dc.subjectElevated kangen_HK
dc.subjectHome heatingen_HK
dc.subjectNorthern Chinaen_HK
dc.subjectRural indoor air qualityen_HK
dc.subjectThermal storageen_HK
dc.titleChinese kang as a domestic heating system in rural northern China-A reviewen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0378-7788&volume=41&issue=1&spage=111&epage=119&date=2009&atitle=Chinese+kang+as+a+domestic+heating+system+in+rural+northern+China+-+A+reviewen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLi, Y:liyg@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLi, Y=rp00151en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.enbuild.2008.07.013en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-55649117739en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros161301en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-55649117739&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume41en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage111en_HK
dc.identifier.epage119en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000261483800013-
dc.publisher.placeSwitzerlanden_HK
dc.relation.projectNonlinear coupling of thermal mass and natural ventilation in buildings-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhuang, Z=16308549900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLi, Y=7502094052en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChen, B=14015114300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGuo, J=13906075800en_HK

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