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Article: Does pregnancy have an impact on the subgingival microbiota?

TitleDoes pregnancy have an impact on the subgingival microbiota?
Authors
Issue Date2009
PublisherAmerican Academy of Periodontology. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.perio.org
Citation
Journal Of Periodontology, 2009, v. 80 n. 1, p. 72-81 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: We investigated clinical and subgingival microbiologic changes during pregnancy in 20 consecutive pregnant women ≥18 years not receiving dental care. Methods: Bacterial samples from weeks 12, 28, and 36 of pregnancy and at 4 to 6 weeks postpartum were processed for 37 species by checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization. Clinical periodontal data were collected at week 12 and at 4 to 6 weeks postpartum, and bleeding on probing (BOP) was recorded at sites sampled at the four time points. Results: The mean BOP at week 12 and postpartum was 40.1%-18.2% and 27.4% ± 12.5%, respectively. The corresponding mean BOP at microbiologic test sites was 15% (week 12) and 21% (postpartum; not statistically significant). Total bacterial counts decreased between week 12 and postpartum (P <0.01). Increased bacterial counts over time were found for Neisseria mucosa (P <0.001). Lower counts (P <0.001) were found for Capnocytophaga ochracea, Capnocytophaga sputigena, Eubacterium saburreum, Fusobacterium nucleatum naviforme, Fusobacterium nucleatum polymorphum, Leptotrichia buccalis, Parvimonas micra (previously Peptostreptococcus micros or Micromonasmicros), Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella melaninogenica, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus intermedius, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus sanguinis, Selenomonas noxia, and Veillonella parvula. No changes occurred between weeks 12 and 28 of pregnancy. Counts of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (previously Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans), Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia (previously T. forsythensis), and Treponema denticola did not change. Counts of P. gingivalis and T. forsythia at week 12 were associated with gingivitis (P <0.001). Conclusions: Subgingival levels of bacteria associated with periodontitis did not change. P. gingivalis and T. forsythia counts were associated with BOP at week 12. A decrease was found in 17 of 37 species from week 12 to postpartum. Only counts of N. mucosa increased.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/58055
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.844
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.070
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Clinical Research Foundation for the Promotion of Oral Health, University of Bern
Funding Information:

The present study was supported by the Clinical Research Foundation for the Promotion of Oral Health, University of Bern. The authors appreciate the work performed by Marianne Weibel and Ms. Regula Hirschi-Imfeld, Department of Periodontology and Fixed Prosthodontics, University of Bern, as well as by Ms. Valerie Chatton and staff members of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, State Hospital of Fribourg. The authors report no conflicts of interest related to this study. This work was completed in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a European Master of Science in Periodontology (by LMA).

References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorAdriaens, LMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorAlessandri, Ren_HK
dc.contributor.authorSpörri, Sen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLang, NPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPersson, GRen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-31T03:23:02Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-31T03:23:02Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Periodontology, 2009, v. 80 n. 1, p. 72-81en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0022-3492en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/58055-
dc.description.abstractBackground: We investigated clinical and subgingival microbiologic changes during pregnancy in 20 consecutive pregnant women ≥18 years not receiving dental care. Methods: Bacterial samples from weeks 12, 28, and 36 of pregnancy and at 4 to 6 weeks postpartum were processed for 37 species by checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization. Clinical periodontal data were collected at week 12 and at 4 to 6 weeks postpartum, and bleeding on probing (BOP) was recorded at sites sampled at the four time points. Results: The mean BOP at week 12 and postpartum was 40.1%-18.2% and 27.4% ± 12.5%, respectively. The corresponding mean BOP at microbiologic test sites was 15% (week 12) and 21% (postpartum; not statistically significant). Total bacterial counts decreased between week 12 and postpartum (P <0.01). Increased bacterial counts over time were found for Neisseria mucosa (P <0.001). Lower counts (P <0.001) were found for Capnocytophaga ochracea, Capnocytophaga sputigena, Eubacterium saburreum, Fusobacterium nucleatum naviforme, Fusobacterium nucleatum polymorphum, Leptotrichia buccalis, Parvimonas micra (previously Peptostreptococcus micros or Micromonasmicros), Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella melaninogenica, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus intermedius, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus sanguinis, Selenomonas noxia, and Veillonella parvula. No changes occurred between weeks 12 and 28 of pregnancy. Counts of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (previously Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans), Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia (previously T. forsythensis), and Treponema denticola did not change. Counts of P. gingivalis and T. forsythia at week 12 were associated with gingivitis (P <0.001). Conclusions: Subgingival levels of bacteria associated with periodontitis did not change. P. gingivalis and T. forsythia counts were associated with BOP at week 12. A decrease was found in 17 of 37 species from week 12 to postpartum. Only counts of N. mucosa increased.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherAmerican Academy of Periodontology. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.perio.orgen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Periodontologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshActinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshAdulten_HK
dc.subject.meshBacteria - classification - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshBacteroides - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshCapnocytophaga - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshColony Count, Microbialen_HK
dc.subject.meshEubacterium - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshFusobacterium nucleatum - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshGingiva - microbiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshGingival Hemorrhage - microbiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshLeptotrichia - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshNeisseria mucosa - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshPeptostreptococcus - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshPorphyromonas gingivalis - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshPostpartum Period - physiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshPregnancy - physiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshPrevotella intermedia - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshPrevotella melaninogenica - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshProspective Studiesen_HK
dc.subject.meshSelenomonas - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshStaphylococcus aureus - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshStreptococcus - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshStreptococcus anginosus - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshStreptococcus intermedius - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshStreptococcus mutans - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshStreptococcus oralis - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshTreponema denticola - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshVeillonella - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.titleDoes pregnancy have an impact on the subgingival microbiota?en_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0022-3492&volume=80&spage=72&epage=81&date=2009&atitle=Does+pregnancy+have+an+impact+on+the+subgingival+microbiota?en_HK
dc.identifier.emailLang, NP:nplang@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLang, NP=rp00031en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1902/jop.2009.080012en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid19228092-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-58349109507en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros165540en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-58349109507&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume80en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage72en_HK
dc.identifier.epage81en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000262336500009-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAdriaens, LM=9534976700en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAlessandri, R=25959878800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSpörri, S=36944742300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLang, NP=7201577367en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPersson, GR=7101853867en_HK

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