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Article: Hong Kong's domestic health spending—financial years 1989/90 through 2004/05

TitleHong Kong's domestic health spending—financial years 1989/90 through 2004/05
Authors
KeywordsMedical sciences
Issue Date2008
PublisherHong Kong Medical Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org
Citation
Hong Kong Medical Journal, 2008, v. 14 n. 2 Suppl 2, p. S2-23 How to Cite?
AbstractThis report presents the latest estimates of Hong Kong’s domestic health spending between fiscal years 1989/90 and 2004/05, cross-stratified and categorised by financing source, provider and function on an annual basis. Total expenditure on health was HK$67 807 million in fiscal year 2004/05. In real erms, total expenditure on health showed positive growth averaging 7% per annum hroughout the period covered in this report while gross domestic product grew t 4% per annum on average, indicating a growing percentage of health spending elative to gross domestic product, from 3.5% in 1989/90 to 5.2% in 2004/05. This increase was largely driven by the rise in public spending, which rose 9% er annum on average in real terms over the period, compared with 5% for private pending. This represents a growing share of public spending from 40% to 55% f total expenditure on health during the period. While public spending was the ominant source of health financing in 2004/05, private household out-of-pocket xpenditure accounted for the second largest share of total health spending (32%). he remaining sources of health finance were employer-provided group medical enefits (8%), privately purchased insurance (5%), and other private sources (1%). Of the $67 807 million total health expenditure in 2004/05, current xpenditure comprised $65 429 million (96%) while $2378 million (4%) were apital expenses (ie investment in medical facilities). Services of curative care ccounted for the largest share of total health spending (67%) which were made p of ambulatory services (35%), in-patient curative care (28%), day patient ospital services (3%), and home care (1%). The next largest share of total health xpenditure was spent on medical goods outside the patient care setting (10%). Analysed by health care provider, hospitals accounted for the largest share (46%) and providers of ambulatory health care the second largest share (30%) f total health spending in 2004/05. We observed a system-wide trend towards ervice consolidation at institutions (as opposed to free-standing ambulatory linics, most of which are staffed by solo practitioner). In 2004/05, public expenditure on health amounted to $35 247 million (53.9% f total current expenditure), which was mostly incurred at hospitals (76.5%), hilst private expenditure ($30 182 million) was mostly incurred at providers of mbulatory health care (54.6%). This reflects the mixed health care economy of ong Kong where public hospitals generally account for about 90% of total beddays nd private doctors (including Western and Chinese medicine practitioners) rovide 75% to 80% of out-patient care. While both public and private spending were mostly expended on personal ealth care services and goods (92.9%), the distributional patterns among functional ategories differed. Public expenditure was targeted at in-patient care (54.2%) and ubstantially less on out-patient care (24.5%), especially low-intensity first-contact are. In comparison, private spending was mostly concentrated on out-patient care (49.6%), whereas medical goods outside the patient care setting (22 .6%) and inpatient are (18.8%) comprised the majority of the remaining share. Compared to OECD countries, Hong Kong has devoted a relatively low percentage of gross domestic product to health in he last decade. As a share of total spending, public funding (either general government revenue or social security funds) was lso lower than in most comparably developed economies, although commensurate with its public revenue collection base.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/57385
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.887
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.279

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLeung, GMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTin, KYKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYeung, GMKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLeung, ESKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTsui, ELHen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, DWSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTsang, CSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorFung, AYKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLo, SVen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-04-12T01:34:47Z-
dc.date.available2010-04-12T01:34:47Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_HK
dc.identifier.citationHong Kong Medical Journal, 2008, v. 14 n. 2 Suppl 2, p. S2-23en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1024-2708en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/57385-
dc.description.abstractThis report presents the latest estimates of Hong Kong’s domestic health spending between fiscal years 1989/90 and 2004/05, cross-stratified and categorised by financing source, provider and function on an annual basis. Total expenditure on health was HK$67 807 million in fiscal year 2004/05. In real erms, total expenditure on health showed positive growth averaging 7% per annum hroughout the period covered in this report while gross domestic product grew t 4% per annum on average, indicating a growing percentage of health spending elative to gross domestic product, from 3.5% in 1989/90 to 5.2% in 2004/05. This increase was largely driven by the rise in public spending, which rose 9% er annum on average in real terms over the period, compared with 5% for private pending. This represents a growing share of public spending from 40% to 55% f total expenditure on health during the period. While public spending was the ominant source of health financing in 2004/05, private household out-of-pocket xpenditure accounted for the second largest share of total health spending (32%). he remaining sources of health finance were employer-provided group medical enefits (8%), privately purchased insurance (5%), and other private sources (1%). Of the $67 807 million total health expenditure in 2004/05, current xpenditure comprised $65 429 million (96%) while $2378 million (4%) were apital expenses (ie investment in medical facilities). Services of curative care ccounted for the largest share of total health spending (67%) which were made p of ambulatory services (35%), in-patient curative care (28%), day patient ospital services (3%), and home care (1%). The next largest share of total health xpenditure was spent on medical goods outside the patient care setting (10%). Analysed by health care provider, hospitals accounted for the largest share (46%) and providers of ambulatory health care the second largest share (30%) f total health spending in 2004/05. We observed a system-wide trend towards ervice consolidation at institutions (as opposed to free-standing ambulatory linics, most of which are staffed by solo practitioner). In 2004/05, public expenditure on health amounted to $35 247 million (53.9% f total current expenditure), which was mostly incurred at hospitals (76.5%), hilst private expenditure ($30 182 million) was mostly incurred at providers of mbulatory health care (54.6%). This reflects the mixed health care economy of ong Kong where public hospitals generally account for about 90% of total beddays nd private doctors (including Western and Chinese medicine practitioners) rovide 75% to 80% of out-patient care. While both public and private spending were mostly expended on personal ealth care services and goods (92.9%), the distributional patterns among functional ategories differed. Public expenditure was targeted at in-patient care (54.2%) and ubstantially less on out-patient care (24.5%), especially low-intensity first-contact are. In comparison, private spending was mostly concentrated on out-patient care (49.6%), whereas medical goods outside the patient care setting (22 .6%) and inpatient are (18.8%) comprised the majority of the remaining share. Compared to OECD countries, Hong Kong has devoted a relatively low percentage of gross domestic product to health in he last decade. As a share of total spending, public funding (either general government revenue or social security funds) was lso lower than in most comparably developed economies, although commensurate with its public revenue collection base.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherHong Kong Medical Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.orgen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofHong Kong Medical Journal-
dc.rightsHong Kong Medical Journal. Copyright © Hong Kong Medical Association.en_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectMedical sciencesen_HK
dc.subject.meshDelivery Of Health Care - Economics - Trends-
dc.subject.meshDeveloping Countries-
dc.subject.meshFinancing, Government - Economics - Trends-
dc.subject.meshFinancing, Personal - Economics - Trends-
dc.subject.meshForecasting-
dc.subject.meshHealth Care Reform - Economics-
dc.subject.meshHealth Expenditures - Statistics & Numerical Data - Trends-
dc.subject.meshHealth Policy - Economics-
dc.subject.meshHong Kong-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshNational Health Programs - Economics - Statistics & Numerical Data-
dc.titleHong Kong's domestic health spending—financial years 1989/90 through 2004/05en_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1024-2708&volume=14&issue=2 Suppl 2&spage=S2&epage=23&date=2008&atitle=Hong+Kong%27s+domestic+health+spending—financial+years+1989/90+through+2004/05en_HK
dc.identifier.emailLeung, GM: gmleung@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailTin, KYK: tinyiuke@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid18587162-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-70450065842-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLeung, GM=7007159841-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTin, KY=7003796897-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYeung, GM=35178827700-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLeung, ES=12647264200-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTsui, EL=54900680800-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, DW=12647548900-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTsang, CS=7202936002-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFung, AY=20433494200-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLo, SV=8426498400-

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