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Article: Implicit motor learning and complex decision making in time-constrained environments

TitleImplicit motor learning and complex decision making in time-constrained environments
Authors
KeywordsAnalogy learning
Cognitive load
Expertise
Explicit instructions
Movement kinematics
Procedural knowledge
Issue Date2008
PublisherRoutledge. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/00222895.asp
Citation
Journal Of Motor Behavior, 2008, v. 40 n. 1, p. 71-79 How to Cite?
AbstractThe cost-effectiveness of the implicit (procedural) knowledge that supports motor expertise enables surprisingly efficient performance when a decision and an action must occur in close temporal proximity. The authors argue that if novices learn the motor component of performance implicitly rather than explicitly, then they will also be efficient when they make a decision and execute an action in close temporal proximity. Participants (N = 35) learned a table tennis shot implicitly or explicitly. The authors assessed participants' motor performance and movement kinematics under conditions that required a concurrent low-complexity decision or a concurrent high-complexity decision about where to direct each shot. Performance was disrupted only for participants who learned explicitly when they made high-complexity decisions but not when they made low-complexity decisions. The authors conclude that implicit motor learning encourages cognitively efficient motor control more than does explicit motor learning, which allows performance to remain stable when time constraints call for a complex decision in tandem with a motor action. Copyright © 2008 Heldref Publications.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/57235
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.573
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.733
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMasters, RSWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPoolton, JMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMaxwell, JPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorRaab, Men_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-04-12T01:30:19Z-
dc.date.available2010-04-12T01:30:19Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Motor Behavior, 2008, v. 40 n. 1, p. 71-79en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0022-2895en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/57235-
dc.description.abstractThe cost-effectiveness of the implicit (procedural) knowledge that supports motor expertise enables surprisingly efficient performance when a decision and an action must occur in close temporal proximity. The authors argue that if novices learn the motor component of performance implicitly rather than explicitly, then they will also be efficient when they make a decision and execute an action in close temporal proximity. Participants (N = 35) learned a table tennis shot implicitly or explicitly. The authors assessed participants' motor performance and movement kinematics under conditions that required a concurrent low-complexity decision or a concurrent high-complexity decision about where to direct each shot. Performance was disrupted only for participants who learned explicitly when they made high-complexity decisions but not when they made low-complexity decisions. The authors conclude that implicit motor learning encourages cognitively efficient motor control more than does explicit motor learning, which allows performance to remain stable when time constraints call for a complex decision in tandem with a motor action. Copyright © 2008 Heldref Publications.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherRoutledge. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/00222895.aspen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Motor Behavioren_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsJournal of Motor Behavior. Copyright © Heldref Publications.en_HK
dc.subjectAnalogy learningen_HK
dc.subjectCognitive loaden_HK
dc.subjectExpertiseen_HK
dc.subjectExplicit instructionsen_HK
dc.subjectMovement kinematicsen_HK
dc.subjectProcedural knowledgeen_HK
dc.subject.meshConcept Formationen_HK
dc.subject.meshDecision Makingen_HK
dc.subject.meshLearningen_HK
dc.subject.meshMotor Skillsen_HK
dc.subject.meshPractice (Psychology)en_HK
dc.titleImplicit motor learning and complex decision making in time-constrained environmentsen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0022-2895&volume=40&issue=1&spage=71&epage=79&date=2008&atitle=Implicit+motor+learning+and+complex+decision+making+in+time-constrained+environmentsen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMasters, RSW: mastersr@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailPoolton, JM: jamiep@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, RSW=rp00935en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityPoolton, JM=rp00949en_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.3200/JMBR.40.1.71-80en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid18316298-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-39449104281en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros141172-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-39449104281&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume40en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage71en_HK
dc.identifier.epage79en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000253202700007-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMasters, RSW=7102880488en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPoolton, JM=8921750800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMaxwell, JP=7201610565en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRaab, M=33167708900en_HK

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