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Article: The effects of cigarette smoking on anaesthesia

TitleThe effects of cigarette smoking on anaesthesia
Authors
KeywordsAnesthesia
Cigarettes
Smoking
Issue Date2000
PublisherAlliance Communications Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.acgpublishing.com/dir_Journals/AnesthesiaProg.asp
Citation
Anesthesia Progress, 2000, v. 47 n. 4, p. 143-150 How to Cite?
AbstractCigarette smoke contains over 4000 substances, some of which are harmful to the smoker. Some constituents cause cardiovascular problems, increasing the blood pressure, heart rate, and the systemic vascular resistance. Some cause respiratory problems, interfering with oxygen uptake, transport, and delivery. Further, some interfere with respiratory function both during and after anesthesia. Some also interfere with drug metabolism. Various effects on muscle relaxants have been reported. Risk of aspiration is similar to that of nonsmokers, but the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting appears to be less in smokers than in nonsmokers. Even passive smoking effects anesthesia. Best is to stop smoking for at least 8 weeks prior to surgery or, if not, at least for 24 hours before surgery. Anxiolytic premedication with smooth, deep anesthesia should prevent most problems. Monitoring may be difficult due to incorrect readings on pulse oximeters and higher arterial to end tidal carbon dioxide differences. In the recovery period, smokers will need oxygen therapy and more analgesics. It is time that anesthesiologists played a stronger role in advising smokers to stop smoking.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/48940
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.279
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorRodrigo, Cen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2008-06-12T06:30:13Z-
dc.date.available2008-06-12T06:30:13Z-
dc.date.issued2000en_HK
dc.identifier.citationAnesthesia Progress, 2000, v. 47 n. 4, p. 143-150en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0003-3006en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/48940-
dc.description.abstractCigarette smoke contains over 4000 substances, some of which are harmful to the smoker. Some constituents cause cardiovascular problems, increasing the blood pressure, heart rate, and the systemic vascular resistance. Some cause respiratory problems, interfering with oxygen uptake, transport, and delivery. Further, some interfere with respiratory function both during and after anesthesia. Some also interfere with drug metabolism. Various effects on muscle relaxants have been reported. Risk of aspiration is similar to that of nonsmokers, but the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting appears to be less in smokers than in nonsmokers. Even passive smoking effects anesthesia. Best is to stop smoking for at least 8 weeks prior to surgery or, if not, at least for 24 hours before surgery. Anxiolytic premedication with smooth, deep anesthesia should prevent most problems. Monitoring may be difficult due to incorrect readings on pulse oximeters and higher arterial to end tidal carbon dioxide differences. In the recovery period, smokers will need oxygen therapy and more analgesics. It is time that anesthesiologists played a stronger role in advising smokers to stop smoking.en_HK
dc.format.extent388 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypetext/html-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherAlliance Communications Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.acgpublishing.com/dir_Journals/AnesthesiaProg.aspen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectAnesthesiaen_HK
dc.subjectCigarettesen_HK
dc.subjectSmokingen_HK
dc.titleThe effects of cigarette smoking on anaesthesiaen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0003-3006&volume=47&issue=4&spage=143&epage=150&date=2000&atitle=The+effects+of+cigarette+smoking+on+anaesthesiaen_HK
dc.identifier.emailRodrigo, C: rodrigo@hkusua.hku.hken_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid11432181-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC2149030en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0034575145-
dc.identifier.hkuros67449-

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