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Article: Can the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale be used on Chinese elderly in general practice?

TitleCan the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale be used on Chinese elderly in general practice?
Authors
KeywordsAnxiety Disorders - diagnosis/ethnology
Depressive Disorder - diagnosis/ethnology
Family Practice
Interview, Psychological - standards
Mass Screening - methods
Issue Date1995
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/
Citation
Family Practice, 1995, v. 12 n. 2, p. 149-154 How to Cite?
AbstractA study was carried out in a general practice in Hong Kong to find out if the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale could be used to detect psychological problems in Chinese elderly. The HAD Scale was translated into Cantonese and administered by an interviewer to 298 Chinese aged 60 or above before their doctor consultations. The acceptance rate of the Scale was 96% and each interview took only 5-10 min to complete. All 298 elderly understood and completed the HAD Scale. Validation of the results of the HAD Scale by the Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS) was done on a random sample of 100 elderly. Relative operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the optimal cut-off points of the HAD Scale was a depression score of 6 and an anxiety score of 3. The sensitivity was 80%, specificity was 90%, OMR (overall misclassification rate) was 12%, positive predictive value was 67% and negative predictive value was 95%. Thirty-six per cent of the,elderly had scores above these cut-off points. More females than males had high anxiety scores. Nearly half of those with positive HAD scores were not known to have any psychological illness. The HAD Scale has great potential to be used as a screening instrument for psychological illnesses in Cantonese-speaking Chinese elderly all over the world.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/48630
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.022
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.048
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, CLKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPan, PCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChan, AWTen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChan, SYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMunro, Cen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2008-05-22T04:19:31Z-
dc.date.available2008-05-22T04:19:31Z-
dc.date.issued1995en_HK
dc.identifier.citationFamily Practice, 1995, v. 12 n. 2, p. 149-154en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0263-2136en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/48630-
dc.description.abstractA study was carried out in a general practice in Hong Kong to find out if the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale could be used to detect psychological problems in Chinese elderly. The HAD Scale was translated into Cantonese and administered by an interviewer to 298 Chinese aged 60 or above before their doctor consultations. The acceptance rate of the Scale was 96% and each interview took only 5-10 min to complete. All 298 elderly understood and completed the HAD Scale. Validation of the results of the HAD Scale by the Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS) was done on a random sample of 100 elderly. Relative operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the optimal cut-off points of the HAD Scale was a depression score of 6 and an anxiety score of 3. The sensitivity was 80%, specificity was 90%, OMR (overall misclassification rate) was 12%, positive predictive value was 67% and negative predictive value was 95%. Thirty-six per cent of the,elderly had scores above these cut-off points. More females than males had high anxiety scores. Nearly half of those with positive HAD scores were not known to have any psychological illness. The HAD Scale has great potential to be used as a screening instrument for psychological illnesses in Cantonese-speaking Chinese elderly all over the world.en_HK
dc.format.extent46168 bytes-
dc.format.extent241905 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofFamily Practiceen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectAnxiety Disorders - diagnosis/ethnologyen_HK
dc.subjectDepressive Disorder - diagnosis/ethnologyen_HK
dc.subjectFamily Practiceen_HK
dc.subjectInterview, Psychological - standardsen_HK
dc.subjectMass Screening - methodsen_HK
dc.titleCan the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale be used on Chinese elderly in general practice?en_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0263-2136&volume=12&issue=2&spage=149&epage=154&date=1995&atitle=Can+the+hospital+anxiety+and+depression+(HAD)+scale+be+used+on+Chinese+in+general+practice?en_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, CLK:clklam@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, CLK=rp00350en_HK
dc.description.naturepostprinten_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/fampra/12.2.149-
dc.identifier.pmid7589936-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0029076827en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros757-
dc.identifier.volume12en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage149en_HK
dc.identifier.epage154en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1995RN38700002-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, CLK=24755913900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPan, PC=7102504461en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, AWT=7403167953en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, SY=7404255960en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMunro, C=7102387156en_HK

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