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Article: Risks for heart disease and lung cancer from passive smoking by workers in the catering industry

TitleRisks for heart disease and lung cancer from passive smoking by workers in the catering industry
Authors
KeywordsCatering workers
Heart disease
Hong Kong
Lung cancer
Passive smoking
Secondhand smoke
Urinary cotinine
Issue Date2006
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://toxsci.oxfordjournals.org/
Citation
Toxicological Sciences, 2006, v. 90 n. 2, p. 539-548 How to Cite?
AbstractWorkers in the catering industry are at greater risk of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) when smoke-free workplace policies are not in force. We determined the exposure of catering workers to SHS in Hong Kong and their risk of death from heart disease and lung cancer. Nonsmoking catering workers were provided with screening at their workplaces and at a central clinic. Participants reported workplace, home, and leisure time exposure to SHS. Urinary cotinine was estimated by enzyme immunoassay. Catering facilities were classified into three types: nonsmoking, partially restricted smoking (with nonsmoking areas), and unrestricted smoking. Mean urinary cotinine levels ranged from 3.3 ng/ml in a control group of 16 university staff through 6.4 ng/ml (nonsmoking), 6.1 ng/ml (partially restricted), and 15.9 ng/ml (unrestricted smoking) in 104 workers who had no exposures outside of work. Workers in nonsmoking facilities had exposures to other smoking staff. We modeled workers' mortality risks using average cotinine levels, estimates of workplace respirable particulates, risk data for cancer and heart disease from cohort studies, and national (US) and regional (Hong Kong) mortality for heart disease and lung cancer. We estimated that deaths in the Hong Kong catering workforce of 200,000 occur at the rate of 150 per year for a 40-year working-lifetime exposure to SHS. When compared with the current outdoor air quality standards for particulates in Hong Kong, 30% of workers exceeded the 24-h and 98% exceeded the annual air quality objectives due to workplace SHS exposures. © 2006 Oxford University Press.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/48549
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.88
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.686
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHedley, AJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMcGhee, SMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorRepace, JLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, LCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYu, MYSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, TWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2008-05-22T04:16:54Z-
dc.date.available2008-05-22T04:16:54Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_HK
dc.identifier.citationToxicological Sciences, 2006, v. 90 n. 2, p. 539-548en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1096-6080en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/48549-
dc.description.abstractWorkers in the catering industry are at greater risk of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) when smoke-free workplace policies are not in force. We determined the exposure of catering workers to SHS in Hong Kong and their risk of death from heart disease and lung cancer. Nonsmoking catering workers were provided with screening at their workplaces and at a central clinic. Participants reported workplace, home, and leisure time exposure to SHS. Urinary cotinine was estimated by enzyme immunoassay. Catering facilities were classified into three types: nonsmoking, partially restricted smoking (with nonsmoking areas), and unrestricted smoking. Mean urinary cotinine levels ranged from 3.3 ng/ml in a control group of 16 university staff through 6.4 ng/ml (nonsmoking), 6.1 ng/ml (partially restricted), and 15.9 ng/ml (unrestricted smoking) in 104 workers who had no exposures outside of work. Workers in nonsmoking facilities had exposures to other smoking staff. We modeled workers' mortality risks using average cotinine levels, estimates of workplace respirable particulates, risk data for cancer and heart disease from cohort studies, and national (US) and regional (Hong Kong) mortality for heart disease and lung cancer. We estimated that deaths in the Hong Kong catering workforce of 200,000 occur at the rate of 150 per year for a 40-year working-lifetime exposure to SHS. When compared with the current outdoor air quality standards for particulates in Hong Kong, 30% of workers exceeded the 24-h and 98% exceeded the annual air quality objectives due to workplace SHS exposures. © 2006 Oxford University Press.en_HK
dc.format.extent198364 bytes-
dc.format.extent1807 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://toxsci.oxfordjournals.org/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofToxicological Sciencesen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectCatering workersen_HK
dc.subjectHeart diseaseen_HK
dc.subjectHong Kongen_HK
dc.subjectLung canceren_HK
dc.subjectPassive smokingen_HK
dc.subjectSecondhand smokeen_HK
dc.subjectUrinary cotinineen_HK
dc.titleRisks for heart disease and lung cancer from passive smoking by workers in the catering industryen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1096-6080&volume=90&issue=2&spage=539&epage=548&date=2006&atitle=Risks+for+heart+disease+and+lung+cancer+from+passive+smoking+by+workers+in+the+catering+industryen_HK
dc.identifier.emailHedley, AJ:hrmrajh@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailMcGhee, SM:smmcghee@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH:hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHedley, AJ=rp00357en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMcGhee, SM=rp00393en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_HK
dc.description.naturepostprinten_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/toxsci/kfj110en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid16428261-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-33645111749en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros115445-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-33645111749&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume90en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage539en_HK
dc.identifier.epage548en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000236106000028-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHedley, AJ=7102584095en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMcGhee, SM=7003288588en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRepace, JL=7004038923en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, LC=12789440200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYu, MYS=36800574500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, TW=7403531744en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike554175-

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