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Article: Feeding and oral hygiene habits of preschool children in Hong Kong and their caregivers' dental knowledge and attitudes

TitleFeeding and oral hygiene habits of preschool children in Hong Kong and their caregivers' dental knowledge and attitudes
Authors
KeywordsMedical sciences
Dentistry
Issue Date2002
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0960-7439
Citation
International Journal Of Paediatric Dentistry, 2002, v. 12 n. 5, p. 322-331 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives. This study was designed to gather data on infant feeding habits and oral hygiene practices of Hong Kong preschool children, on the dental knowledge and attitudes of their caregivers and on the oral health status of the same group of children. Design. Cross-sectional study. Sample and methods. Data was gathered for a total of 369 boys and 297 girls (207 1-year-olds, 269 2-year-olds and 190 3-year-olds) with a mean age of 20-19 (± 0.38) months. Information related to children attending six randomly selected Maternity and Child Health Centres. It was obtained by examining the children and by interviewing the attending caregivers and completing a questionnaire. Each child was given an oral examination using a torch, disposable mirror and wooden tongue spatula. Results. Only 7% of the children were exclusively breast-fed. More than 98% (656/666) of infants used a nursing bottle for at least some drinks. Over 62% (411/656) had used a nursing bottle to take fluids other than water and infant formula. At bedtime, 56% (361/656) were given a nursing bottle prior to sleep and 96% (340/361) of these bottles contained formula milk. Of these children, only 37% (131/361) finished the contents of the bottle before falling asleep. Over 73% (139/190) of the children continued to use a feeding bottle after 2 years of age. Non-nutritive sucking habits were practised by 35.6% (237/666) of the children. Visible plaque, on the labial surface of at least two maxillary incisors, was found in 19.5% (120/615) of the children. Oral cleansing habits were practised for 66.2% (441/666) of the children. Toothbrushing habits were reported for 42.3% (260/615) of the dentate children, of whom 19% (49/260) had their teeth brushed twice daily. Toothpaste was used by 49.23% (128/260) of the children and 57.3% (149/260) brushed their own teeth. Caries was seen in 7.6% of the infants (47/615). Of the caregivers, 67.7% said they did not think carious primary teeth needed to be restored. Among the mothers, 12.6% (43/342) did not know the oral condition of their child. Reportedly, 82% (417/510) and 87.5% (446/510) of the mothers had not received any oral health care information during the ante- or postnatal periods. Nearly all, 97%, of the respondents said that they would like to receive more information on oral health care.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/48487
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.303
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.721
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, SCLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTsai, JSJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKing, NMen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2008-05-22T04:14:49Z-
dc.date.available2008-05-22T04:14:49Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_HK
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal Of Paediatric Dentistry, 2002, v. 12 n. 5, p. 322-331en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0960-7439en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/48487-
dc.description.abstractObjectives. This study was designed to gather data on infant feeding habits and oral hygiene practices of Hong Kong preschool children, on the dental knowledge and attitudes of their caregivers and on the oral health status of the same group of children. Design. Cross-sectional study. Sample and methods. Data was gathered for a total of 369 boys and 297 girls (207 1-year-olds, 269 2-year-olds and 190 3-year-olds) with a mean age of 20-19 (± 0.38) months. Information related to children attending six randomly selected Maternity and Child Health Centres. It was obtained by examining the children and by interviewing the attending caregivers and completing a questionnaire. Each child was given an oral examination using a torch, disposable mirror and wooden tongue spatula. Results. Only 7% of the children were exclusively breast-fed. More than 98% (656/666) of infants used a nursing bottle for at least some drinks. Over 62% (411/656) had used a nursing bottle to take fluids other than water and infant formula. At bedtime, 56% (361/656) were given a nursing bottle prior to sleep and 96% (340/361) of these bottles contained formula milk. Of these children, only 37% (131/361) finished the contents of the bottle before falling asleep. Over 73% (139/190) of the children continued to use a feeding bottle after 2 years of age. Non-nutritive sucking habits were practised by 35.6% (237/666) of the children. Visible plaque, on the labial surface of at least two maxillary incisors, was found in 19.5% (120/615) of the children. Oral cleansing habits were practised for 66.2% (441/666) of the children. Toothbrushing habits were reported for 42.3% (260/615) of the dentate children, of whom 19% (49/260) had their teeth brushed twice daily. Toothpaste was used by 49.23% (128/260) of the children and 57.3% (149/260) brushed their own teeth. Caries was seen in 7.6% of the infants (47/615). Of the caregivers, 67.7% said they did not think carious primary teeth needed to be restored. Among the mothers, 12.6% (43/342) did not know the oral condition of their child. Reportedly, 82% (417/510) and 87.5% (446/510) of the mothers had not received any oral health care information during the ante- or postnatal periods. Nearly all, 97%, of the respondents said that they would like to receive more information on oral health care.en_HK
dc.format.extent75187 bytes-
dc.format.extent238788 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0960-7439en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistryen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. Copyright © Blackwell Publishing Ltd.en_HK
dc.rightsThe definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.comen_HK
dc.subjectMedical sciencesen_HK
dc.subjectDentistryen_HK
dc.titleFeeding and oral hygiene habits of preschool children in Hong Kong and their caregivers' dental knowledge and attitudesen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0960-7439&volume=12 &issue=5&spage=322&epage=331&date=2002&atitle=Feeding+and+oral+hygiene+habits+of+preschool+children+in+Hong+Kong+and+their+caregivers%27+dental+knowledge+and+attitudesen_HK
dc.identifier.emailKing, NM: hhdbknm@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityKing, NM=rp00006en_HK
dc.description.naturepostprinten_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1046/j.1365-263X.2002.00389.xen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid12199891-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036716415en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros74648-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036716415&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume12en_HK
dc.identifier.issue5en_HK
dc.identifier.spage322en_HK
dc.identifier.epage331en_HK
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, SCL=7404255006en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTsai, JSJ=7403610711en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKing, NM=7201762850en_HK

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