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Article: Dietary habits and lung cancer risk among Chinese females in Hong Kong who never smoked

TitleDietary habits and lung cancer risk among Chinese females in Hong Kong who never smoked
Authors
Issue Date1988
PublisherLawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.leaonline.com/loi/nc
Citation
Nutrition and Cancer, 1988, v. 11 n. 3, p. 155-172 How to Cite?
AbstractThis describes a retrospective study in which 88 lung cancer patients and 137 district-matched controls were interviewed concerning the effects of diet on lung cancer risk among Hong Kong Chinese women who never smoked tobacco. Those in the lowest tertile of consuming fresh fruit or fresh fish had statistically significant adjusted relative risks (RRs) of 2.4 and 2.8, respectively. The protective effects of diet, i.e., higher consumption of leafy green vegetables, carrots, tofu, fresh fruit, and fresh fish, were confined mostly to those with adenocarcinoma or large cell tumors. Only fresh fruit was found to positively, and smoked meats to negatively, affect the risk of squamous or small cell tumors. Foods high in vitamin C, retinol, and calcium seemed to exert larger effects. Subjects from larger households were shown to be more frequent consumers of fresh vegetables, fruit, and fish. Because the lifetime weighted household size could be used as a surrogate index of past dietary quality, when it was combined with current dietary intakes of fresh fruit, the RR increased as either factor decreased in a dose-response manner. The adjusted RR was 5.8 at the lowest level. Further testing of the validity of the lifetime weighted household size as an index of past dietary quality is needed.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/45474
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.241
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.931
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKoo, LCen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2007-10-30T06:26:49Z-
dc.date.available2007-10-30T06:26:49Z-
dc.date.issued1988en_HK
dc.identifier.citationNutrition and Cancer, 1988, v. 11 n. 3, p. 155-172en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0163-5581en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/45474-
dc.description.abstractThis describes a retrospective study in which 88 lung cancer patients and 137 district-matched controls were interviewed concerning the effects of diet on lung cancer risk among Hong Kong Chinese women who never smoked tobacco. Those in the lowest tertile of consuming fresh fruit or fresh fish had statistically significant adjusted relative risks (RRs) of 2.4 and 2.8, respectively. The protective effects of diet, i.e., higher consumption of leafy green vegetables, carrots, tofu, fresh fruit, and fresh fish, were confined mostly to those with adenocarcinoma or large cell tumors. Only fresh fruit was found to positively, and smoked meats to negatively, affect the risk of squamous or small cell tumors. Foods high in vitamin C, retinol, and calcium seemed to exert larger effects. Subjects from larger households were shown to be more frequent consumers of fresh vegetables, fruit, and fish. Because the lifetime weighted household size could be used as a surrogate index of past dietary quality, when it was combined with current dietary intakes of fresh fruit, the RR increased as either factor decreased in a dose-response manner. The adjusted RR was 5.8 at the lowest level. Further testing of the validity of the lifetime weighted household size as an index of past dietary quality is needed.en_HK
dc.format.extent3215832 bytes-
dc.format.extent1974 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherLawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.leaonline.com/loi/ncen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsthe article is accepted for publication in Nutrition and Cancer. Readers must contact LEA for permission to reprint or use the material in any form.en_HK
dc.subject.meshAdenocarcinoma-etiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshCarcinoma,-Small-Cell-etiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshCarcinoma,-Squamous-Cell-etiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshFood-Habitsen_HK
dc.subject.meshLung-Neoplasms-etiologyen_HK
dc.titleDietary habits and lung cancer risk among Chinese females in Hong Kong who never smokeden_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0163-5581&volume=11&issue=3&spage=155&epage=172&date=1988&atitle=Dietary+habits+and+lung+cancer+risk+among+Chinese+females+in+Hong+Kong+who+never+smokeden_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid2841651-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0023804028-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1988P074300003-

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