File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

Article: Cost of tobacco-related diseases, including passive smoking, in Hong Kong

TitleCost of tobacco-related diseases, including passive smoking, in Hong Kong
Authors
Issue Date2006
PublisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://tc.bmjjournals.com/
Citation
Tobacco Control, 2006, v. 15 n. 2, p. 125-130 How to Cite?
Abstract
Background: Costs of tobacco-related disease can be useful evidence to support tobacco control. In Hong Kong we now have locally derived data on the risks of smoking, including passive smoking. Aim: To estimate the health-related costs of tobacco from both active and passive smoking. Methods: Using local data, we estimated active and passive smoking-attributable mortality, hospital admissions, outpatient, emergency and general practitioner visits for adults and children, use of nursing homes and domestic help, time lost from work due to illness and premature mortality in the productive years. Morbidity risk data were used where possible but otherwise estimates based on mortality risks were used. Utilisation was valued at unit costs or from survey data. Work time lost was valued at the median wage and an additional costing included a value of US$1.3 million for a life lost. Results: In the Hong Kong population of 6.5 million in 1998, the annual value of direct medical costs, long term care and productivity loss was US$532 million for active smoking and US$156 million for passive smoking; passive smoking accounted for 23% of the total costs. Adding the value of attributable lives lost brought the annual cost to US$9.4 billion. Conclusion: The health costs of tobacco use are high and represent a net loss to society. Passive smoking increases these costs by at least a quarter. This quantification of the costs of tobacco provides strong motivation for legislative action on smoke-free areas in the Asia Pacific Region and elsewhere.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/45467
ISSN
2013 Impact Factor: 5.150
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

Author Affiliations
  1. University of Queensland
  2. The University of Hong Kong
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMcGhee, SMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHo, LMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLapsley, HMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChau, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCheung, WLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHo, SYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPow, Men_HK
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHedley, AJen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2007-10-30T06:26:38Z-
dc.date.available2007-10-30T06:26:38Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_HK
dc.identifier.citationTobacco Control, 2006, v. 15 n. 2, p. 125-130en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0964-4563en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/45467-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Costs of tobacco-related disease can be useful evidence to support tobacco control. In Hong Kong we now have locally derived data on the risks of smoking, including passive smoking. Aim: To estimate the health-related costs of tobacco from both active and passive smoking. Methods: Using local data, we estimated active and passive smoking-attributable mortality, hospital admissions, outpatient, emergency and general practitioner visits for adults and children, use of nursing homes and domestic help, time lost from work due to illness and premature mortality in the productive years. Morbidity risk data were used where possible but otherwise estimates based on mortality risks were used. Utilisation was valued at unit costs or from survey data. Work time lost was valued at the median wage and an additional costing included a value of US$1.3 million for a life lost. Results: In the Hong Kong population of 6.5 million in 1998, the annual value of direct medical costs, long term care and productivity loss was US$532 million for active smoking and US$156 million for passive smoking; passive smoking accounted for 23% of the total costs. Adding the value of attributable lives lost brought the annual cost to US$9.4 billion. Conclusion: The health costs of tobacco use are high and represent a net loss to society. Passive smoking increases these costs by at least a quarter. This quantification of the costs of tobacco provides strong motivation for legislative action on smoke-free areas in the Asia Pacific Region and elsewhere.en_HK
dc.format.extent167678 bytes-
dc.format.extent1035795 bytes-
dc.format.extent2990 bytes-
dc.format.extent3729 bytes-
dc.format.extent2580 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://tc.bmjjournals.com/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofTobacco Controlen_HK
dc.rightsTobacco Control. Copyright © B M J Publishing Group.en_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.meshHealth-Care-Costsen_HK
dc.subject.meshSmoking-economicsen_HK
dc.subject.meshTobacco-Smoke-Pollution-economicsen_HK
dc.subject.meshTobacco-Use-Disorder-economicsen_HK
dc.titleCost of tobacco-related diseases, including passive smoking, in Hong Kongen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0964-4563&volume=15&issue=2&spage=125&epage=130&date=2006&atitle=Cost+of+tobacco-related+diseases,+including+passive+smoking,+in+Hong+Kongen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMcGhee, SM:smmcghee@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailHo, LM:lmho@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailHo, SY:syho@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH:hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailHedley, AJ:hrmrajh@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMcGhee, SM=rp00393en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHo, LM=rp00360en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHo, SY=rp00427en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHedley, AJ=rp00357en_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/tc.2005.013292en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid16565461en_HK
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC2563564-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-33645567786en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-33645567786&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume15en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage125en_HK
dc.identifier.epage130en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1468-3318-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000236254300017-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMcGhee, SM=7003288588en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHo, LM=7402955625en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLapsley, HM=7003717699en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChau, J=36941253500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheung, WL=7202743060en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHo, SY=7403716884en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPow, M=6603502033en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHedley, AJ=7102584095en_HK

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats