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Article: Cost of tobacco-related diseases, including passive smoking, in Hong Kong
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TitleCost of tobacco-related diseases, including passive smoking, in Hong Kong
 
AuthorsMcGhee, SM2
Ho, LM2
Lapsley, HM1
Chau, J2
Cheung, WL2
Ho, SY2
Pow, M2
Lam, TH2
Hedley, AJ2
 
Issue Date2006
 
PublisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://tc.bmjjournals.com/
 
CitationTobacco Control, 2006, v. 15 n. 2, p. 125-130 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tc.2005.013292
 
AbstractBackground: Costs of tobacco-related disease can be useful evidence to support tobacco control. In Hong Kong we now have locally derived data on the risks of smoking, including passive smoking. Aim: To estimate the health-related costs of tobacco from both active and passive smoking. Methods: Using local data, we estimated active and passive smoking-attributable mortality, hospital admissions, outpatient, emergency and general practitioner visits for adults and children, use of nursing homes and domestic help, time lost from work due to illness and premature mortality in the productive years. Morbidity risk data were used where possible but otherwise estimates based on mortality risks were used. Utilisation was valued at unit costs or from survey data. Work time lost was valued at the median wage and an additional costing included a value of US$1.3 million for a life lost. Results: In the Hong Kong population of 6.5 million in 1998, the annual value of direct medical costs, long term care and productivity loss was US$532 million for active smoking and US$156 million for passive smoking; passive smoking accounted for 23% of the total costs. Adding the value of attributable lives lost brought the annual cost to US$9.4 billion. Conclusion: The health costs of tobacco use are high and represent a net loss to society. Passive smoking increases these costs by at least a quarter. This quantification of the costs of tobacco provides strong motivation for legislative action on smoke-free areas in the Asia Pacific Region and elsewhere.
 
ISSN0964-4563
2013 Impact Factor: 5.150
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tc.2005.013292
 
PubMed Central IDPMC2563564
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000236254300017
 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorMcGhee, SM
 
dc.contributor.authorHo, LM
 
dc.contributor.authorLapsley, HM
 
dc.contributor.authorChau, J
 
dc.contributor.authorCheung, WL
 
dc.contributor.authorHo, SY
 
dc.contributor.authorPow, M
 
dc.contributor.authorLam, TH
 
dc.contributor.authorHedley, AJ
 
dc.date.accessioned2007-10-30T06:26:38Z
 
dc.date.available2007-10-30T06:26:38Z
 
dc.date.issued2006
 
dc.description.abstractBackground: Costs of tobacco-related disease can be useful evidence to support tobacco control. In Hong Kong we now have locally derived data on the risks of smoking, including passive smoking. Aim: To estimate the health-related costs of tobacco from both active and passive smoking. Methods: Using local data, we estimated active and passive smoking-attributable mortality, hospital admissions, outpatient, emergency and general practitioner visits for adults and children, use of nursing homes and domestic help, time lost from work due to illness and premature mortality in the productive years. Morbidity risk data were used where possible but otherwise estimates based on mortality risks were used. Utilisation was valued at unit costs or from survey data. Work time lost was valued at the median wage and an additional costing included a value of US$1.3 million for a life lost. Results: In the Hong Kong population of 6.5 million in 1998, the annual value of direct medical costs, long term care and productivity loss was US$532 million for active smoking and US$156 million for passive smoking; passive smoking accounted for 23% of the total costs. Adding the value of attributable lives lost brought the annual cost to US$9.4 billion. Conclusion: The health costs of tobacco use are high and represent a net loss to society. Passive smoking increases these costs by at least a quarter. This quantification of the costs of tobacco provides strong motivation for legislative action on smoke-free areas in the Asia Pacific Region and elsewhere.
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
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dc.identifier.citationTobacco Control, 2006, v. 15 n. 2, p. 125-130 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tc.2005.013292
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tc.2005.013292
 
dc.identifier.eissn1468-3318
 
dc.identifier.epage130
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000236254300017
 
dc.identifier.issn0964-4563
2013 Impact Factor: 5.150
 
dc.identifier.issue2
 
dc.identifier.openurl
 
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC2563564
 
dc.identifier.pmid16565461
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-33645567786
 
dc.identifier.spage125
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/45467
 
dc.identifier.volume15
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://tc.bmjjournals.com/
 
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
 
dc.relation.ispartofTobacco Control
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.rightsTobacco Control. Copyright © B M J Publishing Group.
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.subject.meshHealth-Care-Costs
 
dc.subject.meshSmoking-economics
 
dc.subject.meshTobacco-Smoke-Pollution-economics
 
dc.subject.meshTobacco-Use-Disorder-economics
 
dc.titleCost of tobacco-related diseases, including passive smoking, in Hong Kong
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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Author Affiliations
  1. University of Queensland
  2. The University of Hong Kong