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Article: Quick assessment of hopelessness: a cross-sectional study

TitleQuick assessment of hopelessness: a cross-sectional study
Authors
Issue Date2006
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hqlo.com/home/
Citation
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 2006, v. 4, p. 13 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND: Lengthy questionnaires reduce data quality and impose a burden on respondents. Previous researchers proposed that a single item ('My future seems dark to me') and a 4-item component of the Beck's Hopelessness Scale (BHS) can summarise most of the information the BHS provides. There is no clear indication of what BHS cutoff values are useful in identifying people with suicide tendency. METHODS: In a population-based study of Chinese people aged between 15 and 59 in Hong Kong, the Chinese version of the BHS and the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies--Depression scale were administered by trained interviewers and suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts were self-reported. Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis and regression analysis were used to compare the performance of the BHS and its components in identifying people with suicidality and depression. Smoothed level of suicidal tendency was assessed in relation to scores on the BHS and its component to identify thresholds. RESULTS: It is found that the 4-item component and, to a lesser extent, the single item of the BHS perform in ways similar to the BHS. There are non-linear relationship between suicidality and scores on the BHS and the 4-item component; cutoff values identified accordingly have sensitivity and specificity of about 65%. CONCLUSION: The 4-item component is a useful alternative to the BHS. Shortening of psycho-social measurement scales should be considered in order to reduce burden on patients or respondents and to improve response rate.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/45337
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.212
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.020
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYip, PSFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCheung, YBen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2007-10-30T06:23:13Z-
dc.date.available2007-10-30T06:23:13Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_HK
dc.identifier.citationHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes, 2006, v. 4, p. 13en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1477-7525en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/45337-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Lengthy questionnaires reduce data quality and impose a burden on respondents. Previous researchers proposed that a single item ('My future seems dark to me') and a 4-item component of the Beck's Hopelessness Scale (BHS) can summarise most of the information the BHS provides. There is no clear indication of what BHS cutoff values are useful in identifying people with suicide tendency. METHODS: In a population-based study of Chinese people aged between 15 and 59 in Hong Kong, the Chinese version of the BHS and the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies--Depression scale were administered by trained interviewers and suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts were self-reported. Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis and regression analysis were used to compare the performance of the BHS and its components in identifying people with suicidality and depression. Smoothed level of suicidal tendency was assessed in relation to scores on the BHS and its component to identify thresholds. RESULTS: It is found that the 4-item component and, to a lesser extent, the single item of the BHS perform in ways similar to the BHS. There are non-linear relationship between suicidality and scores on the BHS and the 4-item component; cutoff values identified accordingly have sensitivity and specificity of about 65%. CONCLUSION: The 4-item component is a useful alternative to the BHS. Shortening of psycho-social measurement scales should be considered in order to reduce burden on patients or respondents and to improve response rate.en_HK
dc.format.extent255573 bytes-
dc.format.extent3382 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hqlo.com/home/en_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes. Copyright © BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.subject.meshAffect-en_HK
dc.subject.meshAsian-Continental-Ancestry-Group-psychologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshDepressive-Disorder-diagnosisen_HK
dc.subject.meshPsychometrics-instrumentationen_HK
dc.subject.meshQuality-of-Life-psychologyen_HK
dc.titleQuick assessment of hopelessness: a cross-sectional studyen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1477-7525&volume=4&spage=13&epage=&date=2006&atitle=Quick+assessment+of+hopelessness:+a+cross-sectional+studyen_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1477-7525-4-13en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid16509984-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC1413514-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-33645215094-
dc.identifier.hkuros124403-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-33645215094&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpage-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000241028300001-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYip, PSF=7102503720-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheung, YB=7202111441-

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