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Article: A randomized controlled trial of a specific reminiscence approach to promote the well-being of nursing home residents with dementia

TitleA randomized controlled trial of a specific reminiscence approach to promote the well-being of nursing home residents with dementia
Authors
Issue Date2004
PublisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=IPG
Citation
International Psychogeriatrics: the official journal of the Interntional Psychogeriatric Association, 2004, v. 16 n. 1, p. 33-49 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: To date, no firm conclusions can be reached regarding the effectiveness of reminiscence for dementia. Researchers have emphasized that there is an urgent need for more systematic research in the area. Objective and Method: A single-blinded, parallel-groups (one intervention, one comparison, and one no-intervention group) randomized controlled trial (RCT) was adopted to investigate whether a specific reminiscence program leads to higher levels of psychosocial well-being in nursing home residents with dementia. The intervention adopted a life-story approach, while the comparison group provided friendly discussions to control for any changes in outcome as a result of social contacts and attention. The Social Engagement Scale (SES) and Well-being/Ill-being Scale (WIB) were the outcome measures used. The outcomes of the groups were examined with reference to the baseline (T0), immediately (T1), and six weeks (T2) after intervention. The final sample had 101 subjects (control group: n=30; comparison group: n=35; intervention group: n=36). Using multivariate analysis with repeated measures, no significant differences in outcome were found between groups at either T1 or T2. Wilcoxon signed rank tests were performed for each group comparing outcomes between T1 and T0, T2 and T1, and T2 and T0. Significant differences were observed in the intervention group when comparing T1 and T0 WIB (p=.014), but not for the other groups. Conclusion: Although the intervention did not lead to significant differences between the three groups over time, there was a significant improvement in psychosocial well-being for the intervention group.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/45324
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.22
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.068
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLai, KYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChi, Ien_HK
dc.contributor.authorKayser-Jones, JSen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2007-10-30T06:22:50Z-
dc.date.available2007-10-30T06:22:50Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_HK
dc.identifier.citationInternational Psychogeriatrics: the official journal of the Interntional Psychogeriatric Association, 2004, v. 16 n. 1, p. 33-49en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1041-6102en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/45324-
dc.description.abstractBackground: To date, no firm conclusions can be reached regarding the effectiveness of reminiscence for dementia. Researchers have emphasized that there is an urgent need for more systematic research in the area. Objective and Method: A single-blinded, parallel-groups (one intervention, one comparison, and one no-intervention group) randomized controlled trial (RCT) was adopted to investigate whether a specific reminiscence program leads to higher levels of psychosocial well-being in nursing home residents with dementia. The intervention adopted a life-story approach, while the comparison group provided friendly discussions to control for any changes in outcome as a result of social contacts and attention. The Social Engagement Scale (SES) and Well-being/Ill-being Scale (WIB) were the outcome measures used. The outcomes of the groups were examined with reference to the baseline (T0), immediately (T1), and six weeks (T2) after intervention. The final sample had 101 subjects (control group: n=30; comparison group: n=35; intervention group: n=36). Using multivariate analysis with repeated measures, no significant differences in outcome were found between groups at either T1 or T2. Wilcoxon signed rank tests were performed for each group comparing outcomes between T1 and T0, T2 and T1, and T2 and T0. Significant differences were observed in the intervention group when comparing T1 and T0 WIB (p=.014), but not for the other groups. Conclusion: Although the intervention did not lead to significant differences between the three groups over time, there was a significant improvement in psychosocial well-being for the intervention group.en_HK
dc.format.extent140919 bytes-
dc.format.extent2442 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=IPGen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsInternational Psychogeriatrics: the official journal of the Interntional Psychogeriatric Association. Copyright © Cambridge University Press.en_HK
dc.subject.meshDementia - therapyen_HK
dc.subject.meshMental Recallen_HK
dc.subject.meshNursing Homesen_HK
dc.subject.meshSingle-Blind Methoden_HK
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and overen_HK
dc.titleA randomized controlled trial of a specific reminiscence approach to promote the well-being of nursing home residents with dementiaen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1041-6102&volume=16&issue=1&spage=33&epage=49&date=2004&atitle=A+randomized+controlled+trial+of+a+specific+reminiscence+approach+to+promote+the+well-being+of+nursing+home+residents+with+dementiaen_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S1041610204000055en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid15190995-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-3042720476-
dc.identifier.hkuros93024-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000222439700005-

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