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Article: The effects of tobacco use on oral health

TitleThe effects of tobacco use on oral health
Authors
KeywordsDental implants
Mouth neoplasms
Periodontal diseases
Smoking
Tobacco
Issue Date2003
PublisherHong Kong Medical Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org/resources/supp.html
Citation
Hong Kong Medical Journal, 2003, v. 9 n. 4, p. 271-277 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective. To review the effects of tobacco use on oral health, with particular emphasis on the effects of periodontal diseases, dental implant failures, and risk of development of oral cancers and precancers. Data sources. Medline literature search (1977-2002). Study selection. Key words for the literature search were 'tobacco smoking', 'periodontal disease', 'dental implant', and 'oral cancers and precancers'. Data extraction. Evidence-based literature review. Data synthesis. The prevalence and severity of periodontal diseases in their various forms are higher among smokers than among non-smokers. The success of dental implant treatments is significantly influenced by addiction to tobacco smoking. The failure rate of implant osseointegration is considerably higher among smokers, and maintenance of oral hygiene around the implants and the risk of peri-implantitis are adversely affected by smoking. The risks of developing oral cancers and precancers are greater in smokers. Betel nut chewing and smokeless tobacco produce similar risk to cancer incidence as tobacco smoking. Cessation of tobacco use has a beneficial effect on halting the progression of periodontal diseases and on the outcome of periodontal therapy. Conclusions. Medical and dental teams should be aware of oral problems associated with tobacco use. Counselling on smoking cessation and smoking prevention programmes should be an integral component of medical and dental teaching and practice.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/44551
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.887
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.279
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSham, ASKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCheung, LKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorJin, LJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCorbet, EFen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2007-10-30T06:04:00Z-
dc.date.available2007-10-30T06:04:00Z-
dc.date.issued2003en_HK
dc.identifier.citationHong Kong Medical Journal, 2003, v. 9 n. 4, p. 271-277en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1024-2708en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/44551-
dc.description.abstractObjective. To review the effects of tobacco use on oral health, with particular emphasis on the effects of periodontal diseases, dental implant failures, and risk of development of oral cancers and precancers. Data sources. Medline literature search (1977-2002). Study selection. Key words for the literature search were 'tobacco smoking', 'periodontal disease', 'dental implant', and 'oral cancers and precancers'. Data extraction. Evidence-based literature review. Data synthesis. The prevalence and severity of periodontal diseases in their various forms are higher among smokers than among non-smokers. The success of dental implant treatments is significantly influenced by addiction to tobacco smoking. The failure rate of implant osseointegration is considerably higher among smokers, and maintenance of oral hygiene around the implants and the risk of peri-implantitis are adversely affected by smoking. The risks of developing oral cancers and precancers are greater in smokers. Betel nut chewing and smokeless tobacco produce similar risk to cancer incidence as tobacco smoking. Cessation of tobacco use has a beneficial effect on halting the progression of periodontal diseases and on the outcome of periodontal therapy. Conclusions. Medical and dental teams should be aware of oral problems associated with tobacco use. Counselling on smoking cessation and smoking prevention programmes should be an integral component of medical and dental teaching and practice.en_HK
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dc.format.extent495139 bytes-
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dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherHong Kong Medical Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org/resources/supp.htmlen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofHong Kong Medical Journalen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectDental implantsen_HK
dc.subjectMouth neoplasmsen_HK
dc.subjectPeriodontal diseasesen_HK
dc.subjectSmokingen_HK
dc.subjectTobaccoen_HK
dc.subject.meshMouth Neoplasms - etiology - pathologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshOral Healthen_HK
dc.subject.meshPeriodontal Diseases - etiology - pathologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshTobacco Use Disorder - complications - therapyen_HK
dc.subject.meshTobacco, Smokeless - adverse effectsen_HK
dc.titleThe effects of tobacco use on oral healthen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1024-2708&volume=9&issue=4&spage=271&epage=277&date=2003&atitle=The+effects+of+tobacco+use+on+oral+healthen_HK
dc.identifier.emailCheung, LK:lkcheung@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailJin, LJ:ljjin@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailCorbet, EF:efcorbet@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, LK=rp00013en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityJin, LJ=rp00028en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityCorbet, EF=rp00005en_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid12904615-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0041662143en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros80324-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0041662143&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume9en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage271en_HK
dc.identifier.epage277en_HK
dc.publisher.placeHong Kongen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSham, ASK=35887294400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheung, LK=7102302747en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJin, LJ=7403328850en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCorbet, EF=35609873200en_HK

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