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Article: Activation of Themes During Narrative Reading

TitleActivation of Themes During Narrative Reading
Authors
KeywordsSocial sciences: comprehensive works
Issue Date2005
PublisherLawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.leaonline.com/loi/dp
Citation
Discourse Processes, 2005, v. 40 n. 1, p. 57-82 How to Cite?
AbstractThe theme of a narrative text is its main point or moral that is often implied between lines. A rapid serial visual presentation procedure (RSVP) was used to examine the online status of generation of thematic inference during narrative text comprehension. In Experiment 1, the target words were presented in different contexts with different time courses. The results showed that the facilitative effects of inferential contexts were significant for target words at the RSVP rate of 400 ms and stimulus onset asynchrony of 600 ms. There were no facilitative effects below this threshold. In Experiment 2, the location of target words was manipulated while maintaining the same presentation times. Further observed were facilitative effects of inferential contexts on target words appearing at the end of all the texts and at the middle of the texts when the reader had the correct expectation of the outcome in a text. These results suggested that thematic inference is normally generated online during comprehension. These findings indicate that the global theme of a narrative text is a fundamental component of text representation in reading. The result provides support for the constructionist theory of inference generation and the importance of theme information in constructing a coherent text representation.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/44540
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.056
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.743
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Hen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHoosain, Ren_HK
dc.date.accessioned2007-10-30T06:03:40Z-
dc.date.available2007-10-30T06:03:40Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_HK
dc.identifier.citationDiscourse Processes, 2005, v. 40 n. 1, p. 57-82en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0163-853Xen_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/44540-
dc.description.abstractThe theme of a narrative text is its main point or moral that is often implied between lines. A rapid serial visual presentation procedure (RSVP) was used to examine the online status of generation of thematic inference during narrative text comprehension. In Experiment 1, the target words were presented in different contexts with different time courses. The results showed that the facilitative effects of inferential contexts were significant for target words at the RSVP rate of 400 ms and stimulus onset asynchrony of 600 ms. There were no facilitative effects below this threshold. In Experiment 2, the location of target words was manipulated while maintaining the same presentation times. Further observed were facilitative effects of inferential contexts on target words appearing at the end of all the texts and at the middle of the texts when the reader had the correct expectation of the outcome in a text. These results suggested that thematic inference is normally generated online during comprehension. These findings indicate that the global theme of a narrative text is a fundamental component of text representation in reading. The result provides support for the constructionist theory of inference generation and the importance of theme information in constructing a coherent text representation.en_HK
dc.format.extent400511 bytes-
dc.format.extent1747 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherLawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.leaonline.com/loi/dpen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsthe article is accepted for publication in Discourse Processes. Readers must contact LEA for permission to reprint or use the material in any form.en_HK
dc.subjectSocial sciences: comprehensive worksen_HK
dc.titleActivation of Themes During Narrative Readingen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0163-853X&volume=40&issue=1&spage=57&epage=82&date=2005&atitle=Activation+of+Themes+During+Narrative+Readingen_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1207/s15326950dp4001_3en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-23844441900-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000230604100003-

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