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Article: Passive smoking and its impact on employers and employees in Hong Kong

TitlePassive smoking and its impact on employers and employees in Hong Kong
Authors
Issue Date2002
PublisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.occenvmed.com
Citation
Occupational And Environmental Medicine, 2002, v. 59 n. 12, p. 842-846 How to Cite?
AbstractAims: To estimate the prevalence of passive smoking at work in the whole workforce in Hong Kong (population 6.8 million), the characteristics of the passive smokers, any extra use of health care among passive smokers, and who pays for that health care. Methods: A random sample of 14 325 households was contacted by telephone; 6186 responding adults who worked full time were asked about their employment, their most recent use of health care and the cost of that care, their medical benefits, and their exposure to secondhand smoke in the workplace. After weighting the sample for sex, age, household size, and income, 4739 subjects were included in the analysis. Results: Of 1961 full time workers who did not smoke, 47.5% were exposed to secondhand smoke in the workplace compared with only 26% exposed at home. Exposure at work was associated with being younger, male, married, less educated, and having a lower income. Those exposed at work were 37% more likely to report having visited a doctor for a respiratory illness in the previous 14 days. Employers were paying 28% of the cost of these visits, the government paid 8%, and the individuals paid 63%. If extrapolated to the 3 million workers in the Hong Kong population, employers would pay just over US$9 million per year, while the affected workers would pay around US$20 million. Conclusion: As well as the costs of active smoking, the cost of extra health care utilisation associated with passive smoking is an additional cost being paid by those employers who have not established smoke free workplaces and by their employees.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/43578
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.745
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.597
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMcGhee, SMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHedley, AJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHo, LMen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2007-03-23T04:49:27Z-
dc.date.available2007-03-23T04:49:27Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_HK
dc.identifier.citationOccupational And Environmental Medicine, 2002, v. 59 n. 12, p. 842-846en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1351-0711en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/43578-
dc.description.abstractAims: To estimate the prevalence of passive smoking at work in the whole workforce in Hong Kong (population 6.8 million), the characteristics of the passive smokers, any extra use of health care among passive smokers, and who pays for that health care. Methods: A random sample of 14 325 households was contacted by telephone; 6186 responding adults who worked full time were asked about their employment, their most recent use of health care and the cost of that care, their medical benefits, and their exposure to secondhand smoke in the workplace. After weighting the sample for sex, age, household size, and income, 4739 subjects were included in the analysis. Results: Of 1961 full time workers who did not smoke, 47.5% were exposed to secondhand smoke in the workplace compared with only 26% exposed at home. Exposure at work was associated with being younger, male, married, less educated, and having a lower income. Those exposed at work were 37% more likely to report having visited a doctor for a respiratory illness in the previous 14 days. Employers were paying 28% of the cost of these visits, the government paid 8%, and the individuals paid 63%. If extrapolated to the 3 million workers in the Hong Kong population, employers would pay just over US$9 million per year, while the affected workers would pay around US$20 million. Conclusion: As well as the costs of active smoking, the cost of extra health care utilisation associated with passive smoking is an additional cost being paid by those employers who have not established smoke free workplaces and by their employees.en_HK
dc.format.extent1646543 bytes-
dc.format.extent25600 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/msword-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.occenvmed.comen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofOccupational and Environmental Medicineen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsOccupational and Environmental Medicine. Copyright © B M J Publishing Group.en_HK
dc.subject.meshHong kong - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshOccupational exposure - adverse effects - economicsen_HK
dc.subject.meshMarriageen_HK
dc.subject.meshPatient acceptance of health careen_HK
dc.subject.meshSmoking - adverse effectsen_HK
dc.titlePassive smoking and its impact on employers and employees in Hong Kongen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1351-0711&volume=59&issue=12&spage=842&epage=846&date=2002&atitle=Passive+smoking+and+its+impact+on+employers+and+employees+in+Hong+Kongen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMcGhee, SM:smmcghee@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailHedley, AJ:hrmrajh@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailHo, LM:lmho@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMcGhee, SM=rp00393en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHedley, AJ=rp00357en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHo, LM=rp00360en_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/oem.59.12.842en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid12468752-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC1763597-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036917872en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros75112-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036917872&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume59en_HK
dc.identifier.issue12en_HK
dc.identifier.spage842en_HK
dc.identifier.epage846en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000179969200009-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMcGhee, SM=7003288588en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHedley, AJ=7102584095en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHo, LM=7402955625en_HK

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