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Article: Smoking and mortality in 81 344 drivers in Guangzhou, China

TitleSmoking and mortality in 81 344 drivers in Guangzhou, China
Authors
Issue Date2002
PublisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.occenvmed.com
Citation
Occupational And Environmental Medicine, 2002, v. 59 n. 2, p. 135-138 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: Previous studies on drivers focused on the effect of their exposure to vehicle exhaust and there is little evidence of the effect of smoking. This cohort analytical study aimed to examine the mortality of drivers relative to smoking and professional driving in Guangzhou, China. Methods: Information on demographic characteristics, type of driver (professional and non-professional), smoking, and drinking were retrieved from medical records of drivers who applied for driving licences from March to December 1992. Vital status and causes of death of 81 344 men aged 30 or above were ascertained to the end of September 1999 (follow up, mean=7.14 years, median=7.17 years). Results: At baseline, the mean (SD) age was 40.8 (5.6) years. One third were professional drivers; 49.0% were daily smokers. 858 Deaths were identified. The relative risk of overall mortality for ever smoking was 1.24 (95% confidence interval (95% Cl) 1.07 to 1.44) after adjusting for age, alcohol drinking, education, and type of drivers. Compared with non-professional drivers, professional drivers had similar risks of death, and their relative risk of overall mortality for ever smoking was 1.35 (1.06 to 1.71). Conclusions: Smoking is a more important cause of death than professional driving itself. The results show serious public health problems in the early stage of the tobacco epidemic and support urgent measures to help drivers stop smoking.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/43577
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.745
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.597
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, THen_HK
dc.contributor.authorJiang, CQen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHo, SYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhang, WSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLiu, WWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHe, JMen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2007-03-23T04:49:25Z-
dc.date.available2007-03-23T04:49:25Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_HK
dc.identifier.citationOccupational And Environmental Medicine, 2002, v. 59 n. 2, p. 135-138en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1351-0711en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/43577-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Previous studies on drivers focused on the effect of their exposure to vehicle exhaust and there is little evidence of the effect of smoking. This cohort analytical study aimed to examine the mortality of drivers relative to smoking and professional driving in Guangzhou, China. Methods: Information on demographic characteristics, type of driver (professional and non-professional), smoking, and drinking were retrieved from medical records of drivers who applied for driving licences from March to December 1992. Vital status and causes of death of 81 344 men aged 30 or above were ascertained to the end of September 1999 (follow up, mean=7.14 years, median=7.17 years). Results: At baseline, the mean (SD) age was 40.8 (5.6) years. One third were professional drivers; 49.0% were daily smokers. 858 Deaths were identified. The relative risk of overall mortality for ever smoking was 1.24 (95% confidence interval (95% Cl) 1.07 to 1.44) after adjusting for age, alcohol drinking, education, and type of drivers. Compared with non-professional drivers, professional drivers had similar risks of death, and their relative risk of overall mortality for ever smoking was 1.35 (1.06 to 1.71). Conclusions: Smoking is a more important cause of death than professional driving itself. The results show serious public health problems in the early stage of the tobacco epidemic and support urgent measures to help drivers stop smoking.en_HK
dc.format.extent1251269 bytes-
dc.format.extent25088 bytes-
dc.format.extent50147 bytes-
dc.format.extent2360 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/msword-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.occenvmed.comen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofOccupational and Environmental Medicineen_HK
dc.rightsOccupational and Environmental Medicine. Copyright © B M J Publishing Group.en_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.meshAutomobile driving - statistics & numerical dataen_HK
dc.subject.meshOccupational diseases - mortalityen_HK
dc.subject.meshOccupational exposure - adverse effectsen_HK
dc.subject.meshSmoking - mortalityen_HK
dc.subject.meshVehicle emissions - adverse effectsen_HK
dc.titleSmoking and mortality in 81 344 drivers in Guangzhou, Chinaen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1351-0711&volume=59&issue=2&spage=135&epage=138&date=2002&atitle=Smoking+and+mortality+in+81+344+drivers+in+Guangzhou,+Chinaen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH:hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailHo, SY:syho@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHo, SY=rp00427en_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/oem.59.2.135en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid11850558-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC1740257-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036160909en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros65414-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036160909&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume59en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage135en_HK
dc.identifier.epage138en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000173747900011-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, TH=7202522876en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJiang, CQ=10639500500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHo, SY=7403716884en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, WS=38062514300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLiu, WW=26643405200en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHe, JM=7404983600en_HK

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