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Article: Assessment of the dysexecutive syndrome in schizophrenia

TitleAssessment of the dysexecutive syndrome in schizophrenia
Authors
Issue Date1997
PublisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PSM
Citation
Psychological Medicine, 1997, v. 27 n. 3, p. 635-646 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground. Cognitive neuropsychological theories hypothesize a role for frontal lobe executive deficits in the aetiology of schizophrenic symptoms. The study examined the performance of a schizophrenic group on the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS), a test battery which assesses the 'everyday' difficulties associated with the dysexecutive syndrome. Performance of the schizophrenics was contrasted with that of brain injured and healthy volunteer groups. Methods. Matched groups of 31 schizophrenic patients, 35 patients-with brain injuries and 26 healthy volunteers were administered the BADS. Patients were also given tests of general intelligence and memory. Patients and their relatives/carers also completed a questionnaire rating day-to-day failures of executive functioning. Results. Schizophrenic and brain-injured patients showed impairment on the BADS, compared to healthy controls. There were no significant differences between the two patient groups. Significant impairment was found in a subgroup of 16 schizophrenics who showed otherwise intact general intellectual functioning, suggesting the existence of a specific executive deficit. Among the schizophrenic patient group there was evidence of a dissociation between executive and memory impairments. A significant correlation existed between performance on the BADS and relatives ratings of executive problems for the brain injured group, but not for the schizophrenic group. Conclusions. The BADS is a useful tool for identifying executive deficits in people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, especially those who are otherwise generally intellectually intact. This is particularly important in the context of rehabilitation and community transition programmes.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/43485
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.491
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.843
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorEvans, JJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChua, SEen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMckenna, PJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWilson, BAen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2007-03-23T04:46:46Z-
dc.date.available2007-03-23T04:46:46Z-
dc.date.issued1997en_HK
dc.identifier.citationPsychological Medicine, 1997, v. 27 n. 3, p. 635-646en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0033-2917en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/43485-
dc.description.abstractBackground. Cognitive neuropsychological theories hypothesize a role for frontal lobe executive deficits in the aetiology of schizophrenic symptoms. The study examined the performance of a schizophrenic group on the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS), a test battery which assesses the 'everyday' difficulties associated with the dysexecutive syndrome. Performance of the schizophrenics was contrasted with that of brain injured and healthy volunteer groups. Methods. Matched groups of 31 schizophrenic patients, 35 patients-with brain injuries and 26 healthy volunteers were administered the BADS. Patients were also given tests of general intelligence and memory. Patients and their relatives/carers also completed a questionnaire rating day-to-day failures of executive functioning. Results. Schizophrenic and brain-injured patients showed impairment on the BADS, compared to healthy controls. There were no significant differences between the two patient groups. Significant impairment was found in a subgroup of 16 schizophrenics who showed otherwise intact general intellectual functioning, suggesting the existence of a specific executive deficit. Among the schizophrenic patient group there was evidence of a dissociation between executive and memory impairments. A significant correlation existed between performance on the BADS and relatives ratings of executive problems for the brain injured group, but not for the schizophrenic group. Conclusions. The BADS is a useful tool for identifying executive deficits in people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, especially those who are otherwise generally intellectually intact. This is particularly important in the context of rehabilitation and community transition programmes.en_HK
dc.format.extent271580 bytes-
dc.format.extent26624 bytes-
dc.format.extent342 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/msword-
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PSMen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofPsychological Medicineen_HK
dc.rightsPsychological Medicine. Copyright © Cambridge University Press.en_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.meshNeuropsychological testsen_HK
dc.subject.meshSchizophrenic psychologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshSeverity of illness indexen_HK
dc.subject.meshVolition - physiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshPhysiopathologyen_HK
dc.titleAssessment of the dysexecutive syndrome in schizophreniaen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0033-2917&volume=27&issue=3&spage=635&epage=646&date=1997&atitle=Assessment+of+the+dysexecutive+syndrome+in+schizophreniaen_HK
dc.identifier.emailChua, SE: sechua@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityChua, SE=rp00438en_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033291797004790en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid9153684-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0030913737en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros25229-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0030913737&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume27en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage635en_HK
dc.identifier.epage646en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1997XD04700015-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridEvans, JJ=7407663715en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChua, SE=7201550427en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMckenna, PJ=7201921663en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWilson, BA=35519141400en_HK

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