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Article: Outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: case report

TitleOutbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: case report
Authors
Issue Date2003
PublisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.bmj.com/
Citation
B M J, 2003, v. 326, p. 850-852 How to Cite?
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To describe the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Descriptive case series. SETTING: Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China RESULTS: The outbreak started with a visitor from southern China on 21 February. At the hospitals where the first cases were treated the disease spread quickly among healthcare workers, and then out into the community as family members became infected. By 1 April, 685 cases had been reported with 16 deaths. Symptoms include high fever and one or more respiratory symptoms (including cough, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing). Changes in lung tissue suggest that part of the lung damage is due to cytokines induced by the microbial agent, which has led to empirical treatment with corticosteroids, broad spectrum antiviral agent, and antibacterial cover. There is strong evidence that a novel coronavirus is the pathogen. Precautions for droplet infection should be instituted, including the wearing of masks and rigorous disinfection and hygiene procedures. On 27 March the Department of Health announced drastic measures, including vigorous contact tracing and examination, quarantine of contacts in their homes, and closure of all schools and universities. CONCLUSION: The rapidity of the spread of the disease and the morbidity indicate that the agent responsible is highly infectious and virulent. Strict infection control measures for droplet and contact transmission by healthcare workers, a vigilant healthcare profession, and public education are essential for disease prevention.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/43103
ISSN
2011 Impact Factor: 14.093
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, MMWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYu, WCen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2007-03-23T04:38:54Z-
dc.date.available2007-03-23T04:38:54Z-
dc.date.issued2003en_HK
dc.identifier.citationB M J, 2003, v. 326, p. 850-852en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0959-535Xen_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/43103-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To describe the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Descriptive case series. SETTING: Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China RESULTS: The outbreak started with a visitor from southern China on 21 February. At the hospitals where the first cases were treated the disease spread quickly among healthcare workers, and then out into the community as family members became infected. By 1 April, 685 cases had been reported with 16 deaths. Symptoms include high fever and one or more respiratory symptoms (including cough, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing). Changes in lung tissue suggest that part of the lung damage is due to cytokines induced by the microbial agent, which has led to empirical treatment with corticosteroids, broad spectrum antiviral agent, and antibacterial cover. There is strong evidence that a novel coronavirus is the pathogen. Precautions for droplet infection should be instituted, including the wearing of masks and rigorous disinfection and hygiene procedures. On 27 March the Department of Health announced drastic measures, including vigorous contact tracing and examination, quarantine of contacts in their homes, and closure of all schools and universities. CONCLUSION: The rapidity of the spread of the disease and the morbidity indicate that the agent responsible is highly infectious and virulent. Strict infection control measures for droplet and contact transmission by healthcare workers, a vigilant healthcare profession, and public education are essential for disease prevention.en_HK
dc.format.extent249272 bytes-
dc.format.extent25600 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/msword-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.bmj.com/en_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsB M J. Copyright © B M J Publishing Group.en_HK
dc.subject.meshCommunicable diseases, emerging - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmissionen_HK
dc.subject.meshDisease outbreaksen_HK
dc.subject.meshSevere acute respiratory syndrome - epidemiology - therapy - transmissionen_HK
dc.subject.meshLaboratory techniques and proceduresen_HK
dc.subject.meshDisease transmission, patient-to-professional - prevention & controlen_HK
dc.titleOutbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: case reporten_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0959-535X&volume=326&spage=850&epage=852&date=2003&atitle=Outbreak+of+severe+acute+respiratory+syndrome+in+Hong+Kong+Special+Administrative+Region:+case+reporten_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_HK
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/bmj.326.7394.850en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid12702616en_HK
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC153470-
dc.identifier.hkuros80979-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000182386800016-

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