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Article: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of More Appreciation and Less Criticism in Hong Kong Parents

TitleA Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of More Appreciation and Less Criticism in Hong Kong Parents
Authors
KeywordsAppreciation
Criticism
Parenting
Prevention
Randomized controlled trial
Issue Date2020
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.apa.org/journals/fam.html
Citation
Journal of Family Psychology, 2020, v. 34 n. 6, p. 731-739 How to Cite?
AbstractOur cluster randomized controlled trial tested, respectively, 2 brief interventions to promote more appreciation and less criticism in Hong Kong Chinese parents toward their children and to enhance family well-being. We randomized 56 primary schools and community service centers (clusters of parents of primary grades 3–6 students) to the more appreciation (MA) or less criticism (LC) intervention arms, or fruit and vegetable control arm (FV). A total of 803 parents received a 2-hr workshop on increasing appreciation (19 clusters, n = 270), reducing criticism (21 clusters, n = 336), or increasing fruit and vegetable consumption (16 clusters, n = 197) and were assessed at baseline, immediately after the workshop, at 2 weeks, and at 6 weeks. Primary outcomes were parents’ frequency of appreciation and criticism behaviors. Secondary outcomes were family well-being and potential behavioral determinants proposed by the Health Action Process Approach, including outcome expectancies, self-efficacy, intention, and planning behavior. At 6 weeks, the MA and LC arms reported greater increases in appreciation behavior than the FV arm, and the LC arm reported greater decreases in criticism than the FV arm, with small effect sizes. Specific improvements were also observed in the behavioral determinants at various time points compared with the FV arm. Similar improvements in family well-being were observed across all arms. Our findings were the first to show that brief Health Action Process Approach–based workshops on Chinese parents were effective in promoting positive parental behaviors.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/286048
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 1.836
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.401

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFung, SSW-
dc.contributor.authorLam, TH-
dc.contributor.authorSun, Y-
dc.contributor.authorMan, PKW-
dc.contributor.authorIp, JCM-
dc.contributor.authorWan, ANT-
dc.contributor.authorStewart, S-
dc.contributor.authorHo, SY-
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-31T06:58:21Z-
dc.date.available2020-08-31T06:58:21Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Family Psychology, 2020, v. 34 n. 6, p. 731-739-
dc.identifier.issn0893-3200-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/286048-
dc.description.abstractOur cluster randomized controlled trial tested, respectively, 2 brief interventions to promote more appreciation and less criticism in Hong Kong Chinese parents toward their children and to enhance family well-being. We randomized 56 primary schools and community service centers (clusters of parents of primary grades 3–6 students) to the more appreciation (MA) or less criticism (LC) intervention arms, or fruit and vegetable control arm (FV). A total of 803 parents received a 2-hr workshop on increasing appreciation (19 clusters, n = 270), reducing criticism (21 clusters, n = 336), or increasing fruit and vegetable consumption (16 clusters, n = 197) and were assessed at baseline, immediately after the workshop, at 2 weeks, and at 6 weeks. Primary outcomes were parents’ frequency of appreciation and criticism behaviors. Secondary outcomes were family well-being and potential behavioral determinants proposed by the Health Action Process Approach, including outcome expectancies, self-efficacy, intention, and planning behavior. At 6 weeks, the MA and LC arms reported greater increases in appreciation behavior than the FV arm, and the LC arm reported greater decreases in criticism than the FV arm, with small effect sizes. Specific improvements were also observed in the behavioral determinants at various time points compared with the FV arm. Similar improvements in family well-being were observed across all arms. Our findings were the first to show that brief Health Action Process Approach–based workshops on Chinese parents were effective in promoting positive parental behaviors.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.apa.org/journals/fam.html-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Family Psychology-
dc.rights©American Psychological Association, [Year]. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: [ARTICLE DOI]-
dc.subjectAppreciation-
dc.subjectCriticism-
dc.subjectParenting-
dc.subjectPrevention-
dc.subjectRandomized controlled trial-
dc.titleA Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of More Appreciation and Less Criticism in Hong Kong Parents-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH: hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailSun, Y: gyysun@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailStewart, S: smstewar@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailHo, SY: syho@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326-
dc.identifier.authorityHo, SY=rp00427-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1037/fam0000628-
dc.identifier.pmid31944801-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85081302085-
dc.identifier.hkuros313541-
dc.identifier.volume34-
dc.identifier.issue6-
dc.identifier.spage731-
dc.identifier.epage739-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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