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Article: Selective accumulation of plastic debris at the breaking wave area of coastal waters

TitleSelective accumulation of plastic debris at the breaking wave area of coastal waters
Authors
KeywordsBeach clean-up
Coastal water
Hong Kong
Macroplastics
Microplastics
Issue Date2019
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/envpol
Citation
Environmental Pollution, 2019, v. 245, p. 702-710 How to Cite?
AbstractOver the last decades, plastic debris has been identified and quantified in the marine environment. Coastal and riverine input have been recognized as sources of plastic debris, whereas oceanic gyres and sediments are understood to be sinks. However, we have a limited understanding of the fate of plastic debris in the nearshore environment. To investigate the movement and distribution of plastic debris in the nearshore environment, we collected samples at three distinct locations: below the high tide line, the turbulent zone created by the combination of breaking wave and backflush (defined as the boundary), and the outer nearshore. We estimated the abundance and physical characteristics (e.g. density, hardness, etc.) of macroplastic and microplastics. Four times and 15 times more macroplastics and microplastics are observed, respectively, at the boundary than in the outer nearshore waters, which suggests an accumulation driven by the physical properties of the plastic particles such as density, buoyancy and surface area. We further report that highly energetic conditions characteristic of the boundary area promote the long-term suspension and/or degradation of low density, highly buoyant or large surface area plastic debris, leading to their preferential accumulation at the boundary. Contrastingly, denser and low surface area plastic pieces were transported to the outer nearshore. These results emphasize the role of selective plastic movement at the nearshore driven by physical properties, but also by the combined effects of several hydrodynamics forces like wave action, wind or tide in the resuspension, as well as degradation and transport of plastic debris out of the nearshore environment. A higher abundance of plastic litter has been found in the breaking wave area of nearshore marine environments. This is attributed to wave dynamics responsible for selective transport of plastic litter based on their physical characteristics. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/274944
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 4.358
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.045
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHo, NHE-
dc.contributor.authorNot, CA-
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-10T02:32:08Z-
dc.date.available2019-09-10T02:32:08Z-
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental Pollution, 2019, v. 245, p. 702-710-
dc.identifier.issn0269-7491-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/274944-
dc.description.abstractOver the last decades, plastic debris has been identified and quantified in the marine environment. Coastal and riverine input have been recognized as sources of plastic debris, whereas oceanic gyres and sediments are understood to be sinks. However, we have a limited understanding of the fate of plastic debris in the nearshore environment. To investigate the movement and distribution of plastic debris in the nearshore environment, we collected samples at three distinct locations: below the high tide line, the turbulent zone created by the combination of breaking wave and backflush (defined as the boundary), and the outer nearshore. We estimated the abundance and physical characteristics (e.g. density, hardness, etc.) of macroplastic and microplastics. Four times and 15 times more macroplastics and microplastics are observed, respectively, at the boundary than in the outer nearshore waters, which suggests an accumulation driven by the physical properties of the plastic particles such as density, buoyancy and surface area. We further report that highly energetic conditions characteristic of the boundary area promote the long-term suspension and/or degradation of low density, highly buoyant or large surface area plastic debris, leading to their preferential accumulation at the boundary. Contrastingly, denser and low surface area plastic pieces were transported to the outer nearshore. These results emphasize the role of selective plastic movement at the nearshore driven by physical properties, but also by the combined effects of several hydrodynamics forces like wave action, wind or tide in the resuspension, as well as degradation and transport of plastic debris out of the nearshore environment. A higher abundance of plastic litter has been found in the breaking wave area of nearshore marine environments. This is attributed to wave dynamics responsible for selective transport of plastic litter based on their physical characteristics. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/envpol-
dc.relation.ispartofEnvironmental Pollution-
dc.subjectBeach clean-up-
dc.subjectCoastal water-
dc.subjectHong Kong-
dc.subjectMacroplastics-
dc.subjectMicroplastics-
dc.titleSelective accumulation of plastic debris at the breaking wave area of coastal waters-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailNot, CA: cnot@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityNot, CA=rp02029-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.envpol.2018.11.041-
dc.identifier.pmid30500749-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85057147403-
dc.identifier.hkuros302762-
dc.identifier.volume245-
dc.identifier.spage702-
dc.identifier.epage710-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000457511900074-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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