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Article: Modeling and simulation of urban air pollution from the dispersion of vehicle exhaust: A continuum modeling approach

TitleModeling and simulation of urban air pollution from the dispersion of vehicle exhaust: A continuum modeling approach
Authors
KeywordsAdvection-diffusion equation
Atmospheric dispersion
Continuum model
Issue Date2019
PublisherTaylor & Francis Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/15568318.asp
Citation
International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 2019, v. 13 n. 10, p. 722-740 How to Cite?
AbstractAir pollution has become a serious issue over the past few decades, and the transport sector is an important emission source. In this study, we model and simulate the dispersion of vehicle exhaust in a hypothetical city with a single central business district (CBD) in a complete day, deriving an average daily pollutant concentration, then use the distribution of wind direction over a year, to compute the distribution of average pollutant concentration in the city. All vehicles are assumed to be continuously distributed over the whole city, and the road network is relatively dense and can be approximated as a continuum. The model of Huang et al (2009, Transportation Research Part B, 43(1): 127–141) is used to describe the traffic flow that satisfies the reactive dynamic user equilibrium principle, and the pollution dispersion model is governed by the advection-diffusion equation. The complete model is composed of a coupled system of a conservation law, an eikonal equation and an advection-diffusion equation. The problem is solved by the efficient fifth-order weighted essentially non-oscillatory scheme for the conservation equation and the advection-diffusion equation, and the fast sweeping method for the eikonal equation with third order total variation diminishing (TVD) Runge-Kutta time discretization. The numerical results show a reasonable temporal and spatial distribution of vehicle density and pollution concentration. © 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/274838
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 2.709
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.216
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYang, L-
dc.contributor.authorLi, T-
dc.contributor.authorWong, SC-
dc.contributor.authorShu, CW-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, M-
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-10T02:29:53Z-
dc.date.available2019-09-10T02:29:53Z-
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 2019, v. 13 n. 10, p. 722-740-
dc.identifier.issn1556-8318-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/274838-
dc.description.abstractAir pollution has become a serious issue over the past few decades, and the transport sector is an important emission source. In this study, we model and simulate the dispersion of vehicle exhaust in a hypothetical city with a single central business district (CBD) in a complete day, deriving an average daily pollutant concentration, then use the distribution of wind direction over a year, to compute the distribution of average pollutant concentration in the city. All vehicles are assumed to be continuously distributed over the whole city, and the road network is relatively dense and can be approximated as a continuum. The model of Huang et al (2009, Transportation Research Part B, 43(1): 127–141) is used to describe the traffic flow that satisfies the reactive dynamic user equilibrium principle, and the pollution dispersion model is governed by the advection-diffusion equation. The complete model is composed of a coupled system of a conservation law, an eikonal equation and an advection-diffusion equation. The problem is solved by the efficient fifth-order weighted essentially non-oscillatory scheme for the conservation equation and the advection-diffusion equation, and the fast sweeping method for the eikonal equation with third order total variation diminishing (TVD) Runge-Kutta time discretization. The numerical results show a reasonable temporal and spatial distribution of vehicle density and pollution concentration. © 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/15568318.asp-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Sustainable Transportation-
dc.rightsThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Sustainable Transportation on 28 Sep 2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15568318.2018.1510563-
dc.subjectAdvection-diffusion equation-
dc.subjectAtmospheric dispersion-
dc.subjectContinuum model-
dc.titleModeling and simulation of urban air pollution from the dispersion of vehicle exhaust: A continuum modeling approach-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailWong, SC: hhecwsc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityWong, SC=rp00191-
dc.description.naturepostprint-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/15568318.2018.1510563-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85054057772-
dc.identifier.hkuros302405-
dc.identifier.volume13-
dc.identifier.issue10-
dc.identifier.spage722-
dc.identifier.epage740-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000475404100003-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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