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Article: Effect of oral hygiene programmes on oral opportunistic pathogens during stroke rehabilitation

TitleEffect of oral hygiene programmes on oral opportunistic pathogens during stroke rehabilitation
Authors
KeywordsCardiovascular
Microbiology
Public health
Issue Date2019
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=1354-523X&site=1
Citation
Oral Diseases, 2019, v. 25 n. 2, p. 617-633 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: This study was to assess the effectiveness of a conventional oral hygiene care programme (COHCP) and an advanced oral hygiene care programme (AOHCP) on prevalence and viable counts of oral opportunistic pathogens among patients undergoing stroke rehabilitation. Methods: A total of 94 patients were randomized to two groups. Subjects were block randomized to either (a) COHCP: manual toothbrushing with oral hygiene instruction (OHI); or (b) AOHCP: powered toothbrushing, mouthrinsing with chlorhexidine and OHI. Prevalence and viable counts of oral opportunistic pathogens including yeasts, aerobic and facultative anaerobic gram‐negative bacilli, Staphylococcus aureus, were assessed at baseline, the end of 3 and 6 months. Results: No significant difference was observed in the prevalence of oral opportunistic pathogens within each group over the clinical trial period. A significant decrease in the viable counts of S. aureus was found over the clinical trial period within AOHCP group (p < 0.05), while the viable counts of yeasts and anaerobic gram‐negative bacillus (AGNB) remained stable within each group. Regression analysis failed to detect an association between intervention and the prevalence/viable counts of oral opportunistic pathogens. Conclusions: Neither oral healthcare programme significantly affects AGNB, yeast or S. aureus over the study period in terms of prevalence and viable counts.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/271124
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 2.613
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.828
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorDai, R-
dc.contributor.authorLam, OLT-
dc.contributor.authorLo, ECM-
dc.contributor.authorLi, LSW-
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, C-
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-21T07:06:45Z-
dc.date.available2019-06-21T07:06:45Z-
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.identifier.citationOral Diseases, 2019, v. 25 n. 2, p. 617-633-
dc.identifier.issn1354-523X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/271124-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: This study was to assess the effectiveness of a conventional oral hygiene care programme (COHCP) and an advanced oral hygiene care programme (AOHCP) on prevalence and viable counts of oral opportunistic pathogens among patients undergoing stroke rehabilitation. Methods: A total of 94 patients were randomized to two groups. Subjects were block randomized to either (a) COHCP: manual toothbrushing with oral hygiene instruction (OHI); or (b) AOHCP: powered toothbrushing, mouthrinsing with chlorhexidine and OHI. Prevalence and viable counts of oral opportunistic pathogens including yeasts, aerobic and facultative anaerobic gram‐negative bacilli, Staphylococcus aureus, were assessed at baseline, the end of 3 and 6 months. Results: No significant difference was observed in the prevalence of oral opportunistic pathogens within each group over the clinical trial period. A significant decrease in the viable counts of S. aureus was found over the clinical trial period within AOHCP group (p < 0.05), while the viable counts of yeasts and anaerobic gram‐negative bacillus (AGNB) remained stable within each group. Regression analysis failed to detect an association between intervention and the prevalence/viable counts of oral opportunistic pathogens. Conclusions: Neither oral healthcare programme significantly affects AGNB, yeast or S. aureus over the study period in terms of prevalence and viable counts.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=1354-523X&site=1-
dc.relation.ispartofOral Diseases-
dc.rightsThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Oral Diseases, 2019, v. 25 n. 2, p. 617-633, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/odi.13005. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.-
dc.subjectCardiovascular-
dc.subjectMicrobiology-
dc.subjectPublic health-
dc.titleEffect of oral hygiene programmes on oral opportunistic pathogens during stroke rehabilitation-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailDai, R: u3001283@connect.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLam, OLT: ottolam@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLo, ECM: edward-lo@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailMcGrath, C: mcgrathc@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLam, OLT=rp01567-
dc.identifier.authorityLo, ECM=rp00015-
dc.identifier.authorityMcGrath, C=rp00037-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/odi.13005-
dc.identifier.pmid30447165-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85058686911-
dc.identifier.hkuros307731-
dc.identifier.volume25-
dc.identifier.issue2-
dc.identifier.spage617-
dc.identifier.epage633-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000458899300029-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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