File Download

There are no files associated with this item.

  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

Article: Extensive oxidative weathering in the aftermath of a late Neoproterozoic glaciation – Evidence from trace element and chromium isotope records in the Urucum district (Jacadigo Group) and Puga iron formations (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil)

TitleExtensive oxidative weathering in the aftermath of a late Neoproterozoic glaciation – Evidence from trace element and chromium isotope records in the Urucum district (Jacadigo Group) and Puga iron formations (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil)
Authors
KeywordsLate Neoprotoerozoic
Mato Grosso du Sul
Redox sensitive elements
Urucum iron formation
Chromium isotopes
Issue Date2017
Citation
Gondwana Research, 2017, v. 49, p. 1-20 How to Cite?
Abstract© 2017 International Association for Gondwana Research The massive Fe and Mn deposits of the Urucum district (Banda Alta Formation) and the iron formations from Fazenda São Manoel (Puga Formation) in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, are associated with glacigenic deposits and represent the youngest and largest sedimentary Fe and associated Mn formation (IF;MnF) deposits of Cryogenian age in the world. The Urucum district IFs studied are predominantly composed of pure classical plane-parallel and stratified hematite–chert–iron - and intercalated manganese (cryptomelane) micro- and mesobands, whereas the IFs at Fazenda São Manoel are closely associated with diamictites and shales. Although the precise depositional age is unknown, maximum age constraints for the Puga IFs are defined by the youngest detrital zircon with an U-Pb age of 706 ± 9 Ma (Babinski et al., 2013), a result which we here confirm by a U-Pb age of the youngest zircon of 695 ± 17 Ma from within shaly beds in the Urucum district IF succession. Redox-sensitive trace element signatures and tendency to hump-shaped Rare Earth Element + Yttrium (REY) patterns with negative Ce- but without Eu anomalies support the presence of an oxic surface water layer, fertilized by low temperature hydrothermal fluids injected from submarine thermal springs and/or, alternatively, by significant fresh water input directly derived from glacial meltdown. Strongly positively fractionated, authigenic chromium isotope signatures (average δ53Cr = 1.10 ± 0.4‰; n = 16; 2σ) prevailing throughout the entire stratigraphic section indicate that riverine supply of continentally-derived Cr, remained more or less constant throughout the glacier meltdown and IF depositional period. Cycling across a redoxcline and predominant deposition of the IF in anoxic deeper seawater of the Jacadigo basin is supported by the peculiar presence of subchondritic Y/Ho ratios, by decreased negative Ce anomalies and by shifts of LREE patterns towards higher values in the Urucum district IFs that are independent of detrital contamination. The strongly positively fractionated Cr isotope signatures measured in these iron formations are compatible with those from other iron formations and black shales deposited during the late Neoproterozoic and Precambrian-Cambrian transition worldwide and are in support of prevailing high atmospheric O2 levels following the late Neoproterozoic glaciations that accompanied the evolution of macroscopic multicellular organisms.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/269772
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 5.657
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 4.949

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFrei, R.-
dc.contributor.authorDøssing, L. N.-
dc.contributor.authorGaucher, C.-
dc.contributor.authorBoggiani, P. C.-
dc.contributor.authorFrei, K. M.-
dc.contributor.authorBech Árting, T.-
dc.contributor.authorCrowe, S. A.-
dc.contributor.authorFreitas, B. T.-
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-30T01:49:33Z-
dc.date.available2019-04-30T01:49:33Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifier.citationGondwana Research, 2017, v. 49, p. 1-20-
dc.identifier.issn1342-937X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/269772-
dc.description.abstract© 2017 International Association for Gondwana Research The massive Fe and Mn deposits of the Urucum district (Banda Alta Formation) and the iron formations from Fazenda São Manoel (Puga Formation) in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, are associated with glacigenic deposits and represent the youngest and largest sedimentary Fe and associated Mn formation (IF;MnF) deposits of Cryogenian age in the world. The Urucum district IFs studied are predominantly composed of pure classical plane-parallel and stratified hematite–chert–iron - and intercalated manganese (cryptomelane) micro- and mesobands, whereas the IFs at Fazenda São Manoel are closely associated with diamictites and shales. Although the precise depositional age is unknown, maximum age constraints for the Puga IFs are defined by the youngest detrital zircon with an U-Pb age of 706 ± 9 Ma (Babinski et al., 2013), a result which we here confirm by a U-Pb age of the youngest zircon of 695 ± 17 Ma from within shaly beds in the Urucum district IF succession. Redox-sensitive trace element signatures and tendency to hump-shaped Rare Earth Element + Yttrium (REY) patterns with negative Ce- but without Eu anomalies support the presence of an oxic surface water layer, fertilized by low temperature hydrothermal fluids injected from submarine thermal springs and/or, alternatively, by significant fresh water input directly derived from glacial meltdown. Strongly positively fractionated, authigenic chromium isotope signatures (average δ53Cr = 1.10 ± 0.4‰; n = 16; 2σ) prevailing throughout the entire stratigraphic section indicate that riverine supply of continentally-derived Cr, remained more or less constant throughout the glacier meltdown and IF depositional period. Cycling across a redoxcline and predominant deposition of the IF in anoxic deeper seawater of the Jacadigo basin is supported by the peculiar presence of subchondritic Y/Ho ratios, by decreased negative Ce anomalies and by shifts of LREE patterns towards higher values in the Urucum district IFs that are independent of detrital contamination. The strongly positively fractionated Cr isotope signatures measured in these iron formations are compatible with those from other iron formations and black shales deposited during the late Neoproterozoic and Precambrian-Cambrian transition worldwide and are in support of prevailing high atmospheric O2 levels following the late Neoproterozoic glaciations that accompanied the evolution of macroscopic multicellular organisms.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofGondwana Research-
dc.subjectLate Neoprotoerozoic-
dc.subjectMato Grosso du Sul-
dc.subjectRedox sensitive elements-
dc.subjectUrucum iron formation-
dc.subjectChromium isotopes-
dc.titleExtensive oxidative weathering in the aftermath of a late Neoproterozoic glaciation – Evidence from trace element and chromium isotope records in the Urucum district (Jacadigo Group) and Puga iron formations (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil)-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.gr.2017.05.003-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85033469578-
dc.identifier.volume49-
dc.identifier.spage1-
dc.identifier.epage20-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats