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Conference Paper: Psychometric properties of the Chinese Self-Compassion Scale and its short-form: Insights on pathways to mental well-being

TitlePsychometric properties of the Chinese Self-Compassion Scale and its short-form: Insights on pathways to mental well-being
Authors
Issue Date2018
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at https://academic.oup.com/abm
Citation
Society of Behavioral Medicine 39th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, 11-14 Apr 2018. Abstracts in Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2018, v. 52 n. Suppl. 1, p. S771, abstract no. D186 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Self-compassion is receiving increasing research attention. There is lack of consensus on a paucity of psychometrically robust measures of self-compassion. The only self-report measurement of self-compassion is the Self-Compassion Scale developed by Neff (2003). Existing validation studies showed diverged opinions on its psychometric structure. Neff (2003) proposed a 6-factor structure with a composite score; while López et al. (2015) proposed a two-factor model, formed by the positively and negative formulated items respectively. The current study examines the factor structure, reliability, and construct validity of the SCS and its short-form in a community sample. Methods: Two independent samples of 455 and 292 Chinese adults were recruited via convenience sampling. In addition to the Chinese SCS, the first sample completed a battery of mental health measures. Factor structure of the SCS and SCS-SF were evaluated using confirmatory factor analyses. Convergent and divergent validity of the SCS were examined via the relationships of the SCS factors with covariates and mental health measures in a path analysis. Results: The 6-factor correlated model and the 6-factor model with 2 higher-order factors provided adequate fit to the SCS and cross-validated well in an independent sample. The two higher-order factors of the positively formulated “Self-Compassionate Behaviors” and the negatively formulated “Self-Uncompassionate Behaviors” showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The factor “Self-Compassionate Behaviors” significantly predicted hope, perspective taking, empathic concern, and positive affect while the “Self-Uncompassionate Behaviors” factor significantly predicted personal distress, anxiety, depression, general health problems, and negative affect. For the SCS-SF, the 2-factor correlated model but not the 1-factor model was found to provide a good fit in terms of model fit and parsimony. Conclusion: This is the first study to assess the factor structure of the Self-Compassion Scale in the non-Western world, utilizing a non-clinical community sample. The present study suggested a two second-order factor structure for the Self-Compassion and its short-form. The structure with the best fit was comprised of the six first-order factors, and two second-order factors of “Self-Compassionate Behaviors” and “Self -Uncompassionate Behaviors”, with distinct pattern of correlations with other psychological measures. The findings were consistent with evidence in neuroscience suggesting that the default threat-defense system and the self-soothing system are two separate systems in mood regulation. Such differentiation would allow the SCS to be adopted as both an assessment of strengths and vulnerabilities to well-being.
DescriptionPoster Session D - D186
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/261215
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 3.118
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.112

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWan, HYA-
dc.contributor.authorFong, TCT-
dc.contributor.authorHo, RTH-
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-14T08:54:26Z-
dc.date.available2018-09-14T08:54:26Z-
dc.date.issued2018-
dc.identifier.citationSociety of Behavioral Medicine 39th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, 11-14 Apr 2018. Abstracts in Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2018, v. 52 n. Suppl. 1, p. S771, abstract no. D186-
dc.identifier.issn0883-6612-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/261215-
dc.descriptionPoster Session D - D186-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Self-compassion is receiving increasing research attention. There is lack of consensus on a paucity of psychometrically robust measures of self-compassion. The only self-report measurement of self-compassion is the Self-Compassion Scale developed by Neff (2003). Existing validation studies showed diverged opinions on its psychometric structure. Neff (2003) proposed a 6-factor structure with a composite score; while López et al. (2015) proposed a two-factor model, formed by the positively and negative formulated items respectively. The current study examines the factor structure, reliability, and construct validity of the SCS and its short-form in a community sample. Methods: Two independent samples of 455 and 292 Chinese adults were recruited via convenience sampling. In addition to the Chinese SCS, the first sample completed a battery of mental health measures. Factor structure of the SCS and SCS-SF were evaluated using confirmatory factor analyses. Convergent and divergent validity of the SCS were examined via the relationships of the SCS factors with covariates and mental health measures in a path analysis. Results: The 6-factor correlated model and the 6-factor model with 2 higher-order factors provided adequate fit to the SCS and cross-validated well in an independent sample. The two higher-order factors of the positively formulated “Self-Compassionate Behaviors” and the negatively formulated “Self-Uncompassionate Behaviors” showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The factor “Self-Compassionate Behaviors” significantly predicted hope, perspective taking, empathic concern, and positive affect while the “Self-Uncompassionate Behaviors” factor significantly predicted personal distress, anxiety, depression, general health problems, and negative affect. For the SCS-SF, the 2-factor correlated model but not the 1-factor model was found to provide a good fit in terms of model fit and parsimony. Conclusion: This is the first study to assess the factor structure of the Self-Compassion Scale in the non-Western world, utilizing a non-clinical community sample. The present study suggested a two second-order factor structure for the Self-Compassion and its short-form. The structure with the best fit was comprised of the six first-order factors, and two second-order factors of “Self-Compassionate Behaviors” and “Self -Uncompassionate Behaviors”, with distinct pattern of correlations with other psychological measures. The findings were consistent with evidence in neuroscience suggesting that the default threat-defense system and the self-soothing system are two separate systems in mood regulation. Such differentiation would allow the SCS to be adopted as both an assessment of strengths and vulnerabilities to well-being.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at https://academic.oup.com/abm-
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of Behavioral Medicine-
dc.relation.ispartof39th Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM)-
dc.titlePsychometric properties of the Chinese Self-Compassion Scale and its short-form: Insights on pathways to mental well-being-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailWan, HYA: awan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailFong, TCT: ttaatt@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailHo, RTH: tinho@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHo, RTH=rp00497-
dc.identifier.hkuros291141-
dc.identifier.volume52-
dc.identifier.issueSuppl. 1-
dc.identifier.spageS771-
dc.identifier.epageS771-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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