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Article: A theoretical investigation into the luminescent properties of d8-transition-metal complexes with tetradentate Schiff base ligands

TitleA theoretical investigation into the luminescent properties of d<sup>8</sup>-transition-metal complexes with tetradentate Schiff base ligands
Authors
Keywordsluminescence
photophysics
spin-orbit coupling
density functional calculations
nonradiative decay
Issue Date2014
Citation
Chemistry - A European Journal, 2014, v. 20, n. 21, p. 6433-6443 How to Cite?
AbstractA theoretical investigation on the luminescence efficiency of a series of d8transition-metal Schiff base complexes was undertaken. The aim was to understand the different photophysics of [M-salen]ncomplexes (salen=N,N'-bis(salicylidene)ethylenediamine; M=Pt, Pd (n=0); Au (n=+1)) in acetonitrile solutions at room temperature: [Pt-salen] is phosphorescent and [Au-salen]+is fluorescent, but [Pd-salen] is nonemissive. Based on the calculation results, it was proposed that incorporation of electron-withdrawing groups at the 4-position of the Schiff base ligand should widen the3MLCT-3MC gap (MLCT=metal-to-ligand charge transfer and MC=metal centered, that is, the dd excited state); thus permitting phosphorescence of the corresponding PdIISchiff base complex. Although it is experimentally proven that [Pd-salph-4E] (salph=N,N'- bis(salicylidene)-1,2-phenylenediamine; 4E means an electron-withdrawing substituent at the 4-position of the salicylidene) displays triplet emission, its quantum yield is low at room temperature. The corresponding PtIISchiff base complex, [Pt-salph-4E], is also much less emissive than the unsubstituted analogue, [Pt-salph]. Thus, a detailed theoretical analysis of how the substituent and central metal affected the photophysics of [M-salph-X] (X is a substituent on the salph ligand, M=Pt or Pd) was performed. Temperature effects were also investigated. The simple energy gap law underestimated the nonradiative decay rates and was insufficient to account for the temperature dependence of the nonradiative decay rates of the complexes studied herein. On the other hand, the present analysis demonstrates that inclusions of low-frequency modes and the associated frequency shifts are decisive in providing better quantitative estimates of the nonradiative decay rates and the experimentally observed temperature effects. Moreover, spin-orbit coupling, which is often considered only in the context of radiative decay rate, has a significant role in determining the nonradiative rate as well. Low, but not ignored: Low-frequency normal modes are usually not considered to be important in determining nonradiative decay rates because they are not effective energy acceptors. The importance of these low-frequency normal modes in estimating knrby using a convolution approach is highlighted (see figure). © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/257274
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.771
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.323

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTong, Glenna So Ming-
dc.contributor.authorChow, Pui Keong-
dc.contributor.authorTo, Wai Pong-
dc.contributor.authorKwok, Wai Ming-
dc.contributor.authorChe, Chi Ming-
dc.date.accessioned2018-07-24T08:59:19Z-
dc.date.available2018-07-24T08:59:19Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationChemistry - A European Journal, 2014, v. 20, n. 21, p. 6433-6443-
dc.identifier.issn0947-6539-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/257274-
dc.description.abstractA theoretical investigation on the luminescence efficiency of a series of d8transition-metal Schiff base complexes was undertaken. The aim was to understand the different photophysics of [M-salen]ncomplexes (salen=N,N'-bis(salicylidene)ethylenediamine; M=Pt, Pd (n=0); Au (n=+1)) in acetonitrile solutions at room temperature: [Pt-salen] is phosphorescent and [Au-salen]+is fluorescent, but [Pd-salen] is nonemissive. Based on the calculation results, it was proposed that incorporation of electron-withdrawing groups at the 4-position of the Schiff base ligand should widen the3MLCT-3MC gap (MLCT=metal-to-ligand charge transfer and MC=metal centered, that is, the dd excited state); thus permitting phosphorescence of the corresponding PdIISchiff base complex. Although it is experimentally proven that [Pd-salph-4E] (salph=N,N'- bis(salicylidene)-1,2-phenylenediamine; 4E means an electron-withdrawing substituent at the 4-position of the salicylidene) displays triplet emission, its quantum yield is low at room temperature. The corresponding PtIISchiff base complex, [Pt-salph-4E], is also much less emissive than the unsubstituted analogue, [Pt-salph]. Thus, a detailed theoretical analysis of how the substituent and central metal affected the photophysics of [M-salph-X] (X is a substituent on the salph ligand, M=Pt or Pd) was performed. Temperature effects were also investigated. The simple energy gap law underestimated the nonradiative decay rates and was insufficient to account for the temperature dependence of the nonradiative decay rates of the complexes studied herein. On the other hand, the present analysis demonstrates that inclusions of low-frequency modes and the associated frequency shifts are decisive in providing better quantitative estimates of the nonradiative decay rates and the experimentally observed temperature effects. Moreover, spin-orbit coupling, which is often considered only in the context of radiative decay rate, has a significant role in determining the nonradiative rate as well. Low, but not ignored: Low-frequency normal modes are usually not considered to be important in determining nonradiative decay rates because they are not effective energy acceptors. The importance of these low-frequency normal modes in estimating knrby using a convolution approach is highlighted (see figure). © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofChemistry - A European Journal-
dc.subjectluminescence-
dc.subjectphotophysics-
dc.subjectspin-orbit coupling-
dc.subjectdensity functional calculations-
dc.subjectnonradiative decay-
dc.titleA theoretical investigation into the luminescent properties of d<sup>8</sup>-transition-metal complexes with tetradentate Schiff base ligands-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/chem.201304375-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84900816265-
dc.identifier.volume20-
dc.identifier.issue21-
dc.identifier.spage6433-
dc.identifier.epage6443-
dc.identifier.eissn1521-3765-

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