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Article: Effects of auroral potential drops on plasma sheet dynamics

TitleEffects of auroral potential drops on plasma sheet dynamics
Authors
Keywordsplasma sheet structure
field-aligned currents
auroral potential drops
magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling
magnetic reconnection
Issue Date2016
Citation
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2016, v. 121, n. 11, p. 11,129-11,144 How to Cite?
Abstract©2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. The reaction of the magnetosphere-ionosphere system to dynamic auroral potential drops is investigated using the Lyon-Fedder-Mobarry global model including, for the first time in a global simulation, the dissipative load of field-aligned potential drops in the low-altitude boundary condition. This extra load reduces the field-aligned current (j || ) supplied by nightside reconnection dynamos. The system adapts by forcing the nightside X line closer to Earth, with a corresponding reduction in current lensing (j || /B = constant) at the ionosphere and additional contraction of the plasma sheet during substorm recovery and steady magnetospheric convection. For steady and moderate solar wind driving and with constant ionospheric conductance, the cross polar cap potential and hemispheric field-aligned current are lower by approximately the ratio of the peak field-aligned potential drop to the cross polar cap potential (10–15%) when potential drops are included. Hemispheric ionospheric Joule dissipation is less by 8%, while the area-integrated, average work done on the fluid by the reconnecting magnetotail field increases by 50% within |y| < 8 R E . Effects on the nightside plasma sheet include (1) an average X line 4 R E closer to Earth; (2) a 12% higher mean reconnection rate; and (3) dawn-dusk asymmetry in reconnection with a 17% higher rate in the premidnight sector.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/251189
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 2.752
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorXi, Sheng-
dc.contributor.authorLotko, William-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Binzheng-
dc.contributor.authorWiltberger, Michael-
dc.contributor.authorLyon, John-
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-01T01:54:51Z-
dc.date.available2018-02-01T01:54:51Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2016, v. 121, n. 11, p. 11,129-11,144-
dc.identifier.issn2169-9380-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/251189-
dc.description.abstract©2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. The reaction of the magnetosphere-ionosphere system to dynamic auroral potential drops is investigated using the Lyon-Fedder-Mobarry global model including, for the first time in a global simulation, the dissipative load of field-aligned potential drops in the low-altitude boundary condition. This extra load reduces the field-aligned current (j || ) supplied by nightside reconnection dynamos. The system adapts by forcing the nightside X line closer to Earth, with a corresponding reduction in current lensing (j || /B = constant) at the ionosphere and additional contraction of the plasma sheet during substorm recovery and steady magnetospheric convection. For steady and moderate solar wind driving and with constant ionospheric conductance, the cross polar cap potential and hemispheric field-aligned current are lower by approximately the ratio of the peak field-aligned potential drop to the cross polar cap potential (10–15%) when potential drops are included. Hemispheric ionospheric Joule dissipation is less by 8%, while the area-integrated, average work done on the fluid by the reconnecting magnetotail field increases by 50% within |y| < 8 R E . Effects on the nightside plasma sheet include (1) an average X line 4 R E closer to Earth; (2) a 12% higher mean reconnection rate; and (3) dawn-dusk asymmetry in reconnection with a 17% higher rate in the premidnight sector.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics-
dc.subjectplasma sheet structure-
dc.subjectfield-aligned currents-
dc.subjectauroral potential drops-
dc.subjectmagnetosphere-ionosphere coupling-
dc.subjectmagnetic reconnection-
dc.titleEffects of auroral potential drops on plasma sheet dynamics-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/2016JA022856-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85003009424-
dc.identifier.volume121-
dc.identifier.issue11-
dc.identifier.spage11,129-
dc.identifier.epage11,144-
dc.identifier.eissn2169-9402-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000390403400034-

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