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Article: Rejection of heavy metals in acidic wastewater by a novel thin-film inorganic forward osmosis membrane

TitleRejection of heavy metals in acidic wastewater by a novel thin-film inorganic forward osmosis membrane
Authors
Issue Date2017
Citation
Chemical Engineering Journal, 2017, v. 320, p. 532-538 How to Cite?
AbstractThis study reports efficient rejection of four typical ionic divalent heavy metals of interest (i.e. Cd2+, Pb2+, Cu2+, Zn2+) using forward osmosis (FO) by our recently developed nanoporous thin-film inorganic (TFI) membrane fabricated through tetraethylorthosilicate-driven sol-gel process. Upon lab-scale FO cell with feed solution containing heavy metal electrolytes (pH 4.5 ± 0.5) and NaCl serving as draw solution, the TFI membrane yields a high water flux of 69.0 L m−2 h−1 driven by 2.0 mol L−1-NaCl draw solution. Meanwhile, effective rejection of heavy metal ions was achieved, with an average efficiency of 94% at feed concentration of 200 mg L−1. Since the membrane is able to reject heavy metals whose hydrated ion diameters are smaller than the membrane pore size, the charge-interaction rather than size exclusion should be responsible for heavy metal rejection. Based on classical Debye-Hückel theory and Gouy-Chapman model, we demonstrate a particular significance of double layer overlap within membrane pore induced by electrostatic interaction between heavy metal ions and silica-made pore walls. As such, the selectivity of TFI membrane depends essentially on the co-function of membrane pore size, surface potential of membrane pore wall as well as Debye length. This study not only confirms the feasibility of the TFI membrane in treating acidic heavy metal-containing wastewater without pH adjustment, but also suggests a simple theoretical scheme to better understand and design charged membrane with expected selectivity for FO applications.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/247312
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 6.735
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.743
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYou, S-
dc.contributor.authorLu, J-
dc.contributor.authorTang, C-
dc.contributor.authorWang, X-
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-18T08:25:24Z-
dc.date.available2017-10-18T08:25:24Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifier.citationChemical Engineering Journal, 2017, v. 320, p. 532-538-
dc.identifier.issn1385-8947-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/247312-
dc.description.abstractThis study reports efficient rejection of four typical ionic divalent heavy metals of interest (i.e. Cd2+, Pb2+, Cu2+, Zn2+) using forward osmosis (FO) by our recently developed nanoporous thin-film inorganic (TFI) membrane fabricated through tetraethylorthosilicate-driven sol-gel process. Upon lab-scale FO cell with feed solution containing heavy metal electrolytes (pH 4.5 ± 0.5) and NaCl serving as draw solution, the TFI membrane yields a high water flux of 69.0 L m−2 h−1 driven by 2.0 mol L−1-NaCl draw solution. Meanwhile, effective rejection of heavy metal ions was achieved, with an average efficiency of 94% at feed concentration of 200 mg L−1. Since the membrane is able to reject heavy metals whose hydrated ion diameters are smaller than the membrane pore size, the charge-interaction rather than size exclusion should be responsible for heavy metal rejection. Based on classical Debye-Hückel theory and Gouy-Chapman model, we demonstrate a particular significance of double layer overlap within membrane pore induced by electrostatic interaction between heavy metal ions and silica-made pore walls. As such, the selectivity of TFI membrane depends essentially on the co-function of membrane pore size, surface potential of membrane pore wall as well as Debye length. This study not only confirms the feasibility of the TFI membrane in treating acidic heavy metal-containing wastewater without pH adjustment, but also suggests a simple theoretical scheme to better understand and design charged membrane with expected selectivity for FO applications.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofChemical Engineering Journal-
dc.titleRejection of heavy metals in acidic wastewater by a novel thin-film inorganic forward osmosis membrane-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailTang, C: tangc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityTang, C=rp01765-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.cej.2017.03.064-
dc.identifier.hkuros281294-
dc.identifier.volume320-
dc.identifier.spage532-
dc.identifier.epage538-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000401202200055-

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