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postgraduate thesis: Mediterranean diet and risk of cardiovascular disease : a systematic review

TitleMediterranean diet and risk of cardiovascular disease : a systematic review
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Man, B. [文碧玲]. (2016). Mediterranean diet and risk of cardiovascular disease : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.
AbstractPrevious studies showed that the Mediterranean diet may decrease the incidence and the mortality of stroke and cardiovascular diseases. I performed a systematic review to explore the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the risk of cardiovascular disease. PubMed database was searched up to December 2015. A total of 10 studies were extracted for analysis. This review found that high adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with reduced risk of stroke (22%-52%) and cardiovascular disease (2%-23%). In addition, the total mortality was decreased by 6%-19% in the high adherence group. The results of these studies and three meta-analyses strongly suggested a causal benefit of the Mediterranean diet. If causal, the Mediterranean diet is useful for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. More randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these observations. Future RCTs are also warranted to evaluate the protective effects of different food components in the Mediterranean diet so as to enhance our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of the cardio-protective properties and to provide more specific dietary guidelines for individual food items.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectDiet - Mediterranean Region
Cardiovascular system - Diseases - Risk factors
Dept/ProgramPublic Health
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/237251
HKU Library Item IDb5805154

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMan, Bik-ling-
dc.contributor.author文碧玲-
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-28T02:01:58Z-
dc.date.available2016-12-28T02:01:58Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationMan, B. [文碧玲]. (2016). Mediterranean diet and risk of cardiovascular disease : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/237251-
dc.description.abstractPrevious studies showed that the Mediterranean diet may decrease the incidence and the mortality of stroke and cardiovascular diseases. I performed a systematic review to explore the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the risk of cardiovascular disease. PubMed database was searched up to December 2015. A total of 10 studies were extracted for analysis. This review found that high adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with reduced risk of stroke (22%-52%) and cardiovascular disease (2%-23%). In addition, the total mortality was decreased by 6%-19% in the high adherence group. The results of these studies and three meta-analyses strongly suggested a causal benefit of the Mediterranean diet. If causal, the Mediterranean diet is useful for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. More randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these observations. Future RCTs are also warranted to evaluate the protective effects of different food components in the Mediterranean diet so as to enhance our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of the cardio-protective properties and to provide more specific dietary guidelines for individual food items.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshDiet - Mediterranean Region-
dc.subject.lcshCardiovascular system - Diseases - Risk factors-
dc.titleMediterranean diet and risk of cardiovascular disease : a systematic review-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5805154-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-

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