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postgraduate thesis: Theoretical studies of ultracold atomic gases with synthetic gauge fields

TitleTheoretical studies of ultracold atomic gases with synthetic gauge fields
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Yao, J. [姚娟]. (2016). Theoretical studies of ultracold atomic gases with synthetic gauge fields. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.
AbstractSince the realization of Bose-Einstein condensation in 1995, experimentalists in ultracold atomic gas community have developed a set of entirely new methods to study quantum gases. In ultracold atomic gases, implementation of synthetic gauge fields, the spin-orbit coupling, optical lattices and Feshbach resonances, provides a clean and highly controllable platform to tune the parameters of the system, which are typically fixed for real materials. Motivated by the rapid developments of experimental progresses, I investigate the ultracold atomic gases with synthetic gauge fields. In this thesis, a bosonic gas in optical lattices in the presence of an effective staggered magnetic flux will be studied, using a generalized Bose-Hubbard model. Phase transition from the Mott insulating phase to the superfluid phase will be discussed. Novel superfluid phases including the stripe phase and the plane wave phase will be discussed. Furthermore, the existence of a tricritical point in the phase diagram is predicted. To study Fermi systems with synthetic gauge fields, a spin-1=2 Fermi gas with Rashba spin-orbit coupling is investigated by studying the structure of vortex line through the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer to Bose-Einstein condensation (BCSBEC) crossover. Due to the spin-orbit coupling, the s-wave interacting Fermi gas behaves like an effective p-wave paired system. A discussion about the vortex line structure will be provided by calculating the spatial distribution of the gap function, the density, the particle current, and also the elementary excitations. It has been found that the most robust superfluid occurs around the unitary point, indicated by the smallest healing length and the largest critical current. Finally, motivated by the recent progress of p-wave resonantly Fermi gas in experiment, an extension of Nozières-Schmitt-Rink method to the p-wave case will be given. An investigation of the normal state properties will be given by calculating the equation of state and the p-wave contacts, which have been measured by the experiment. Furthermore, the superfluid transition temperature with realistic parameters appropriate for experiment is calculated and is found to be within experimental reach.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectGauge fields (Physics)
Cold gases
Dept/ProgramPhysics
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/235915
HKU Library Item IDb5801676

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYao, Juan-
dc.contributor.author姚娟-
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-09T23:27:02Z-
dc.date.available2016-11-09T23:27:02Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationYao, J. [姚娟]. (2016). Theoretical studies of ultracold atomic gases with synthetic gauge fields. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/235915-
dc.description.abstractSince the realization of Bose-Einstein condensation in 1995, experimentalists in ultracold atomic gas community have developed a set of entirely new methods to study quantum gases. In ultracold atomic gases, implementation of synthetic gauge fields, the spin-orbit coupling, optical lattices and Feshbach resonances, provides a clean and highly controllable platform to tune the parameters of the system, which are typically fixed for real materials. Motivated by the rapid developments of experimental progresses, I investigate the ultracold atomic gases with synthetic gauge fields. In this thesis, a bosonic gas in optical lattices in the presence of an effective staggered magnetic flux will be studied, using a generalized Bose-Hubbard model. Phase transition from the Mott insulating phase to the superfluid phase will be discussed. Novel superfluid phases including the stripe phase and the plane wave phase will be discussed. Furthermore, the existence of a tricritical point in the phase diagram is predicted. To study Fermi systems with synthetic gauge fields, a spin-1=2 Fermi gas with Rashba spin-orbit coupling is investigated by studying the structure of vortex line through the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer to Bose-Einstein condensation (BCSBEC) crossover. Due to the spin-orbit coupling, the s-wave interacting Fermi gas behaves like an effective p-wave paired system. A discussion about the vortex line structure will be provided by calculating the spatial distribution of the gap function, the density, the particle current, and also the elementary excitations. It has been found that the most robust superfluid occurs around the unitary point, indicated by the smallest healing length and the largest critical current. Finally, motivated by the recent progress of p-wave resonantly Fermi gas in experiment, an extension of Nozières-Schmitt-Rink method to the p-wave case will be given. An investigation of the normal state properties will be given by calculating the equation of state and the p-wave contacts, which have been measured by the experiment. Furthermore, the superfluid transition temperature with realistic parameters appropriate for experiment is calculated and is found to be within experimental reach.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshGauge fields (Physics)-
dc.subject.lcshCold gases-
dc.titleTheoretical studies of ultracold atomic gases with synthetic gauge fields-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5801676-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePhysics-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-

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