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Conference Paper: A path model on neuropsychiatric symptoms, daily function, memory, and perceived stress in schizophrenic patients in Hong Kong

TitleA path model on neuropsychiatric symptoms, daily function, memory, and perceived stress in schizophrenic patients in Hong Kong
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/12160
Citation
The 37th Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM 2016), Washington, DC., 30 March-2 April 2016. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2016, v. 50 suppl. 1, p. S140, abstract no. B100 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND: The relationships between neuropsychiatric symptoms and daily functioning, memory, and perceived stress are commonly analyzed bivariately and multivariately. The present study aimed to explore interdependencies of clinical determinants on daily functioning and perceived stress in patients with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 146 residential schizophrenic patients in a long-term care hostel provided data on psychiatric symptoms, deficits on motor coordination and sequencing, digit spans, daily living functions, and perceived stress via validated questionnaires, psychiatric interview, and assessments. Indirect effects from the psychiatric symptoms to perceived stress via a series of potential mediators were examined using bootstrapping. RESULTS: All of the symptoms showed significant indirect effects on perceived stress via the mediators. Motor deficit and activities of daily living mediated the indirect effects of negative, excitement, and depression symptoms on perceived stress. Sequencing deficit and forward digit span mediated the indirect effects of positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms on perceived stress. The model explained 15.2% of the variance in perceived stress. DISCUSSIONS: This study suggests indirect pathways from psychiatric symptoms to subjective perceived stress in schizophrenic patients via neurological deficits, daily functioning, and memory. Structural equation modeling could be performed in future studies to disentangle and identify a complex model of direct and indirect pathways of clinical determinants on psychological outcomes. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1. Identify the potential pathways from psychiatric symptoms to subjective perceived stress 2. Summarize the mediating roles of neurological deficits and digit spans in the model
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/233191
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.195
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.112

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHo, RTH-
dc.contributor.authorFong, TCT-
dc.contributor.authorWan, HYA-
dc.contributor.authorAu Yeung, FSW-
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-20T05:35:10Z-
dc.date.available2016-09-20T05:35:10Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationThe 37th Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM 2016), Washington, DC., 30 March-2 April 2016. In Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2016, v. 50 suppl. 1, p. S140, abstract no. B100-
dc.identifier.issn0883-6612-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/233191-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: The relationships between neuropsychiatric symptoms and daily functioning, memory, and perceived stress are commonly analyzed bivariately and multivariately. The present study aimed to explore interdependencies of clinical determinants on daily functioning and perceived stress in patients with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 146 residential schizophrenic patients in a long-term care hostel provided data on psychiatric symptoms, deficits on motor coordination and sequencing, digit spans, daily living functions, and perceived stress via validated questionnaires, psychiatric interview, and assessments. Indirect effects from the psychiatric symptoms to perceived stress via a series of potential mediators were examined using bootstrapping. RESULTS: All of the symptoms showed significant indirect effects on perceived stress via the mediators. Motor deficit and activities of daily living mediated the indirect effects of negative, excitement, and depression symptoms on perceived stress. Sequencing deficit and forward digit span mediated the indirect effects of positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms on perceived stress. The model explained 15.2% of the variance in perceived stress. DISCUSSIONS: This study suggests indirect pathways from psychiatric symptoms to subjective perceived stress in schizophrenic patients via neurological deficits, daily functioning, and memory. Structural equation modeling could be performed in future studies to disentangle and identify a complex model of direct and indirect pathways of clinical determinants on psychological outcomes. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1. Identify the potential pathways from psychiatric symptoms to subjective perceived stress 2. Summarize the mediating roles of neurological deficits and digit spans in the model-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherSpringer New York LLC. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springer.com/medicine/journal/12160-
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of Behavioral Medicine-
dc.rightsThe final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/[insert DOI]-
dc.titleA path model on neuropsychiatric symptoms, daily function, memory, and perceived stress in schizophrenic patients in Hong Kong-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailHo, RTH: tinho@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailFong, TCT: ttaatt@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWan, HYA: awan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHo, RTH=rp00497-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12160-015-9766-4-
dc.identifier.hkuros263154-
dc.identifier.volume50-
dc.identifier.issuesuppl. 1-
dc.identifier.spageS140, abstract no. B100-
dc.identifier.epageS140, abstract no. B100-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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