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Article: Novel, ERP-based, concealed information detection: Combining recognition-based and feedback-evoked ERPs

TitleNovel, ERP-based, concealed information detection: Combining recognition-based and feedback-evoked ERPs
Authors
KeywordsConcealed information detection
Memory detection
P300
Deception detection
Feedback-related negativity
Issue Date2016
Citation
Biological Psychology, 2016, v. 114, p. 13-22 How to Cite?
Abstract© 2015 Elsevier B.V.The present study introduced a novel variant of the concealed information test (CIT), called the feedback-CIT. By providing participants with feedbacks regarding their memory concealment performance during the CIT, we investigated the feedback-related neural activity underlying memory concealment. Participants acquired crime-relevant memories via enacting a lab crime, and were tested with the feedback-CIT while EEGs were recorded. We found that probes (e.g., crime-relevant memories) elicited larger recognition-P300s than irrelevants among guilty participants. Moreover, feedback-related negativity (FRN) and feedback-P300 could also discriminate probes from irrelevants among guilty participants. Both recognition- and feedback-ERPs were highly effective in distinguishing between guilty and innocent participants (recognition-P300: AUC =.73; FRN: AUC =.95; feedback-P300: AUC =.97). This study sheds new light on brain-based memory detection, such that feedback-related neural signals can be employed to detect concealed memories.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/231011
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.234
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.008

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSai, Liyang-
dc.contributor.authorLin, Xiaohong-
dc.contributor.authorRosenfeld, J. Peter-
dc.contributor.authorSang, Biao-
dc.contributor.authorHu, Xiaoqing-
dc.contributor.authorFu, Genyue-
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-01T06:07:23Z-
dc.date.available2016-09-01T06:07:23Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationBiological Psychology, 2016, v. 114, p. 13-22-
dc.identifier.issn0301-0511-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/231011-
dc.description.abstract© 2015 Elsevier B.V.The present study introduced a novel variant of the concealed information test (CIT), called the feedback-CIT. By providing participants with feedbacks regarding their memory concealment performance during the CIT, we investigated the feedback-related neural activity underlying memory concealment. Participants acquired crime-relevant memories via enacting a lab crime, and were tested with the feedback-CIT while EEGs were recorded. We found that probes (e.g., crime-relevant memories) elicited larger recognition-P300s than irrelevants among guilty participants. Moreover, feedback-related negativity (FRN) and feedback-P300 could also discriminate probes from irrelevants among guilty participants. Both recognition- and feedback-ERPs were highly effective in distinguishing between guilty and innocent participants (recognition-P300: AUC =.73; FRN: AUC =.95; feedback-P300: AUC =.97). This study sheds new light on brain-based memory detection, such that feedback-related neural signals can be employed to detect concealed memories.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofBiological Psychology-
dc.subjectConcealed information detection-
dc.subjectMemory detection-
dc.subjectP300-
dc.subjectDeception detection-
dc.subjectFeedback-related negativity-
dc.titleNovel, ERP-based, concealed information detection: Combining recognition-based and feedback-evoked ERPs-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.11.011-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84951120070-
dc.identifier.volume114-
dc.identifier.spage13-
dc.identifier.epage22-
dc.identifier.eissn1873-6246-

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